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Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica ; 38(2): 261-266, 2021.
Article in Spanish, English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1381501


We carried out an observational, retrospective and descriptive study in order to identify the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of children with SARS-CoV-2 infection admitted to a Peruvian national referral hospital. We included patients from one month old to fourteen years old hospitalized between March and August 2020. A total of 125 patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection were admitted, 18.4% (n = 23) had critical illness and 16.8% (n = 21) had multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C). The absence of comorbidities and previous history of epidemiological contact were more frequent in patients with MIS-C. Patients in critical condition and patients with MIS-C had lower lymphocyte and platelet counts, and higher C-reactive protein, ferritin and D-dimer values than patients who did not have said conditions. Six (4.8%) out of 125 children died, as well as 3 (13%) children from the group of patients in critical condition. None of the children with MIS-C died.

Con el objetivo de conocer las características clínicas y epidemiológicas de niños con infección por SARS-CoV-2 internados en un hospital peruano de referencia nacional realizamos un estudio observacional, retrospectivo y descriptivo e incluimos pacientes de un mes a catorce años hospitalizados entre marzo a agosto del 2020. Se ingresaron 125 pacientes con infección por SARS-CoV-2, el 18,4% (n = 23) presentaron enfermedad crítica y 16,8% (n = 21) síndrome inflamatorio multisistémico (SIM). En los pacientes con SIM fue más frecuente la ausencia de comorbilidades y el antecedente de contacto epidemiológico. Tanto el grupo en estado crítico como del grupo con SIM, en comparación con los que no tuvieron estas condiciones, presentaron menores recuentos de linfocitos y plaquetas, y mayores valores de proteína C reactiva, ferritina y dímero D. Seis (4,8%) niños de los 125 fallecieron, 3 (13%) del grupo en estado crítico y ninguno del grupo con SIM.

COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Child , Hospitals , Humans , Infant , Peru/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome
Clin Med Insights Endocrinol Diabetes ; 13: 1179551420962495, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-890040


INTRODUCTION: Only 3 types of coronavirus cause aggressive respiratory disease in humans (MERS-Cov, SARS-Cov-1, and SARS-Cov-2). It has been reported higher infection rates and severe manifestations (ICU admission, need for mechanical ventilation, and death) in patients with comorbidities such as diabetes mellitus (DM). For this reason, this study aimed to determine the prevalence of diabetes comorbidity and its associated unfavorable health outcomes in patients with acute respiratory syndromes for coronavirus disease according to virus types. METHODS: Systematic review of literature in Pubmed/Medline, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane, and Scielo until April of 2020. We included cohort and cross-sectional studies with no restriction by language or geographical zone. The selection and extraction were undertaken by 2 reviewers, independently. The study quality was evaluated with Loney's instrument and data were synthesized by random effects model meta-analysis. The heterogeneity was quantified using an I 2 statistic. Funnel plot, Egger, and Begg tests were used to evaluate publication biases, and subgroups and sensitivity analyses were performed. Finally, we used the GRADE approach to assess the evidence certainty (PROSPERO: CRD42020178049). RESULTS: We conducted the pooled analysis of 28 studies (n = 5960). The prevalence analysis according to virus type were 451.9 diabetes cases per 1000 infected patients (95% CI: 356.74-548.78; I 2 = 89.71%) in MERS-Cov; 90.38 per 1000 (95% CI: 67.17-118.38) in SARS-Cov-1; and 100.42 per 1000 (95% CI: 77.85, 125.26 I 2 = 67.94%) in SARS-Cov-2. The mortality rate were 36%, 6%, 10% and for MERS-Cov, SARS-Cov-1, and SARS-Cov-2, respectively. Due to the high risk of bias (75% of studies had very low quality), high heterogeneity (I 2 higher than 60%), and publication bias (for MERS-Cov studies), we down rate the certainty to very low. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of DM in patients with acute respiratory syndrome due to coronaviruses is high, predominantly with MERS-Cov infection. The unfavorable health outcomes are frequent in this subset of patients. Well-powered and population-based studies are needed, including detailed DM clinical profile (such as glycemic control, DM complications, and treatment regimens), comorbidities, and SARS-Cov-2 evolution to reevaluate the worldwide prevalence of this comorbidity and to typify clinical phenotypes with differential risk within the subpopulation of DM patients.