Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 23
Filter
1.
37th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2021 ; 395, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2169408

ABSTRACT

The Extreme Energy Events (EEE) network consists in a sparse array of telescopes based on Multigap Resistive Plate Chambers, installed in high school buildings all over the Italian territory and at CERN. Besides the many research activities concerned with extensive air shower detection, long distance correlation studies and additional physics results obtained during the last decade, the EEE project is extensively employed for educational and outreach activities, constituting a unique opportunity to promote a fruitful and close collaboration between students, high-school teachers and researchers. The involvement is at all levels, from the construction of the chambers during short stages at CERN over the past 15 years, with the participation of several hundred high-school students and teachers, to the installation, monitoring and data taking with the telescopes by high-school teams, to masterclasses, physics lectures, data analysis sessions and joint discussions on the results and their interpretation. Recent developments of the EEE network led to the installation and use of additional detectors in the Arctic region and on board of sailing ships, to measure the cosmic ray flux over large latitude intervals. Periodical remote and in presence (pre-Covid era) meetings allowed in these years a large participation (several thousand people) from the high-school community to the EEE activities. National and local outreach initiatives in cosmic ray physics are also carried out around Italy by the EEE network, as a contribution to the dissemination of science among young people. © Copyright owned by the author(s) under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

2.
Tumori ; 108(4 Supplement):135, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2114028

ABSTRACT

Background: Recent studies have assessed the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and related control measures on the number of new cancer diagnoses. The aim of this work was to evaluate the real impact of the lockdown on new cancer diagnoses in 2020. Material(s) and Method(s): To compare the incidence of tumors in 2020 with that in 2019, we used data collected by the Reggio Emilia Cancer Registry. We reported the variations (number of cases and% values) of all tumors and of the main sites by sex and period of lockdown. We calculated the standardized incidence and mortality rate of the last twenty years (2001-2020) for all tumor sites and the main sites (breast, colorectal, lung and prostate) by sex. Result(s): In 2020, 4,031 cases of cancer were recorded, 669 fewer than in 2019 (-14.2%). The sites that recorded the largest decline compared to 2019 were: skin (non-melanoma) (-281 cases), prostate (-110 cases), melanoma and bladder (-53 cases) and colorectal (-38 cases). The incidence trend in males decreased from 491.74 cases per 100,000 p/y in 2001 to 471.58 in 2019 and dropped to 386.59 in 2020. Mortality also decreased over the years from 250.8 cases per 100,000 p/y in 2001 to 164.4 cases in 2019 and 161.9 in 2020. In women, the incidence remained almost constant over the years, whereas there was a decline in mortality. The decrease in cancers recorded, especially during the lockdown, has been widely reported in the literature, but the data usually only cover the months leading up to September 2020. Conclusion(s): The COVID-19 pandemic has caused delays in the diagnosis of new cancers. However, it is necessary to document with data the real impact the pandemic has had on new diagnoses, taking into account the tumor site, gender, the presence of cancer screening, and in general the organization of healthcare of the territory in question.

3.
Annals of Oncology ; 33(Suppl. 3):S189-S190, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-2035753

ABSTRACT

Background: The epidemic start of Coronavirus disease it expanded in the first months of 2020. Italy was among the first European countries to be affected and those affected more intensely: the first case was reported on 02.20.2020 The entire health system has been disrupted and reorganized due to the impact of the pandemic on hospitals The suspension of first-level screening services in Italy occurred in the months of March and April 2020 on throughout the national territory, starting from May 2020 the screening programs were reactivated albeit with different timing and intensity between the regions and within of each single region.

4.
Brazilian Journal of Operations and Production Management ; 19(4), 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2025687

ABSTRACT

Highlights: Education 4.0, prioritizes practical experimentation on the part of students, intensifies the understanding of the "maker culture". Education 4.0 consists of an advanced theoretical-practical approach to management and teaching in formal education. We can see those features such as Digital Didactic Material, Hybrid Teaching, Digital Interactivity, Autonomous Learning and New Information and Communication Technologies were essential for education not to be stagnant in time x space during the COVID 19. Teachers need to innovate and renew their knowledge constantly. In the 4.0 environment, acting as guides, tutors, advisors, they need to be connected with the reality and the actuality of the facts, so that they can correctly lead Goal: The present study aims to present, from the main characteristics of Education 4.0, its possibilities and Design / Methodology / Approach: As a subsidy, an exploratory study was carried out through bibliographic research in the main research bases in order to obtain updated knowledge on the theme of Education 4.0. Results: The results denote the importance of the applicability of the main ideas of this form of education in the current and future moment, mainly because the current and future generations are very involved in the Limitations of the Investigation: The limitations of this research reside in the fact that, as it is a new situation, which had to be adopted almost instantly, it needs to have a greater maturity and there is a need for further research and studies, mainly in the search for the best application of technologies in the educational field. Practical implications: The practical implications highlight that the use of technologies in education is a reality in which teachers and students should increasingly perceive themselves as immersed and open to new Originality/Value: The originality lies in the fact that the various educational institutions, at different educational levels, had to adapt to a new reality imposed by the pandemic situation, where the need for the massive use of technology was fundamental for the minimum maintenance of the teaching-learning process. And this work. © 2022, Associacao Brasileira de Engenharia de Producao. All rights reserved.

5.
Brazilian Journal of Operations & Production Management ; 19(4):8, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1979725

ABSTRACT

Highlights: Education 4.0, prioritizes practical experimentation on the part of students, intensifies the understanding of the "maker culture". Education 4.0 consists of an advanced theoretical-practical approach to management and teaching in formal education. We can see those features such as Digital Didactic Material, Hybrid Teaching, Digital Interactivity, Autonomous Learning and New Information and Communication Technologies were essential for education not to be stagnant in time x space during the COVID 19. Teachers need to innovate and renew their knowledge constantly. In the 4.0 environment, acting as guides, tutors, advisors, they need to be connected with the reality and the actuality of the facts, so that they can correctly lead their students in the construction of knowledge. Goal: The present study aims to present, from the main characteristics of Education 4.0, its possibilities and applicability in times of pandemic. Design / Methodology / Approach: As a subsidy, an exploratory study was carried out through bibliographic research in the main research bases in order to obtain updated knowledge on the theme of Education 4.0. Results: The results denote the importance of the applicability of the main ideas of this form of education in the current and future moment, mainly because the current and future generations are very involved in the concepts of connectivity and hybrid learning. Limitations of the Investigation: The limitations of this research reside in the fact that, as it is a new situation, which had to be adopted almost instantly, it needs to have a greater maturity and there is a need for further research and studies, mainly in the search for the best application of technologies in the educational field. Practical Implications: The practical implications highlight that the use of technologies in education is a reality in which teachers and students should increasingly perceive themselves as immersed and open to new educational possibilities. Originality/Value: The originality lies in the fact that the various educational institutions, at different educational levels, had to adapt to a new reality imposed by the pandemic situation, where the need for the massive use of technology was fundamental for the minimum maintenance of the teaching-learning process. And this work sought to denote these characteristics.

6.
JOURNAL OF THE PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM ; 27:S107-S107, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1965469
7.
Ethics Med Public Health ; 24: 100815, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1895181

ABSTRACT

Background: The novel COVID-19 pandemic afforded public health leaders an opportunity to expedite vaccine development and dissemination. The United States found itself faced with the arduous task of ensuring swift and equitable distribution of limited resources, in the midst of often-competing priorities, including public health ethics, medical ethics, economic demands, and societal strains. Methodology: Using the American Public Health Association's (APHA) newly revised public health code of ethics, which provides a decision-making framework and guidance for ethical analysis, we analyzed how Pennsylvania's COVID-19 vaccine dissemination plan aligned with the four core functions of public health ethics inquiry. Results/Discussion: Upon investigation, the state's plan evidenced use of public health ethics in goal setting and design. However, the core public health value given the highest priority, promoting health and safety, competed with the other core public health values of inclusivity and engagement, health justice and equity, and professionalism and trust. Despite known social disparities and risk factors, the state plan for COVID-19 vaccine dissemination aligned closely with federal guidance and prioritized all healthcare personnel and long-term care facility populations over high-risk individuals residing in the community. Conclusion/Perspectives: Should another pandemic necessitate allocation of scarce resources, especially preventative measures such as vaccines, decision-making agencies must consider disparate populations in planning and dissemination of material to the public. Any anticipated limitations in the ability to fulfill public health ethical principles should be clearly communicated to the public prior to implementation, thereby increasing trust.

9.
Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases ; 26, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1693848

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Descrever o perfil epidemiológico de crianças com infecção confirmada por SRAG internadas no Hospital Infantil João Paulo II (HIJPII), referência em doenças infectocontagiosas, entre março de 2020 e agosto de 2021. Método: Trata-se de um estudo realizado pelo Núcleo de Vigilância Epidemiológica Hospitalar (NUVEH) do HIJPII, utilizando os dados das fichas de notificação de SRAG, Este estudo foi aprovado pelo Comité de Ética em Pesquisa da FHEMIG sob parecer: 4.312.966. Resultados: Entre março de 2020 e agosto de 2021, 2702 crianças internaram no HIJPII e foram notificados com SRAG. Foram realizados 2269 testes RT-PCR para SARS-CoV-2, 1026 pacientes realizaram teste rápido de antígeno e/ou fizeram o painel viral na Fundação Ezequiel Dias. A etiologia viral foi identificada em 692 crianças: 278 (40,2%) positivos para vírus sincicial respiratório (VSR), 174 (25,1%) positivos para rinovírus, 164 (23,7%) positivos para SARS-CoV2, 34 (4,9%) positivos para influenza A e/ou B, e 5,9% foram positivos para outros vírus (25 bocavirus, 3 parainfluenza, 13 adenovírus e 1 coronavírus sazonal). O diagnóstico de VSR foi realizado por RT-PCR em 72% e teste rápido de antígeno em 28%. SARS-CoV-2 foi detectado por RT-PCR em 81% e por teste rápido de antígeno em 19%. A idade variou entre 15 dias de vida e 18 anos, mas 72,9% eram menores de 6 anos, 55,5% do sexo masculino, 82% moravam em Belo Horizonte ou na região metropolitana. Entre as manifestações clínicas mais frequentes foram febre, tosse, diarreia, esforço respiratório, cianose e saturação menor que 95%. Nos casos mais graves as crianças tinham comorbidades, as mais frequentes: displasia broncopulmonar, doença neurológica crônica não progressiva, obesidade, anemia falciforme e cardiopatia. A letalidade por SRAG no HIJPII no período foi de 20,5% (4 crianças com SARS-CoV-2 e uma criança com VRS);entretanto apenas 29,4% dos óbitos por SRAG tiveram a etiologia viral identificada por não terem coletado painel viral. Conclusão: Os resultados encontrados reforçam a necessidade da realização do painel viral, para melhorar os dados da Vigilância Epidemiológica. Sua solicitação foi reduzida na pandemia, devido ao alto número de internações e necessidade de leitos, optou-se por realizar testes rápidos. Entretanto, como no HIJPII estão disponíveis testes rápidos apenas para VRS, SARS-CoV-2 e influenza, muitas crianças com SRAG ficaram sem identificação viral.

10.
9th Annual Conference on Large Hadron Collider Physics, LHCP 2021 ; 397, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1668569

ABSTRACT

The Extreme-Energy Events (EEE) Experiment is a cosmic ray observatory based on a network of detecting stations distributed over the Italian territory and at CERN. A station of the network, called “telescope”, consists of three superimposed Multi-gap Resistive Plate Chambers (MRPCs), each one covering a surface of about 1.5 m2, used with the same technology as the time-of-flight detector of the ALICE experiment at CERN-LHC. Data are collected and sent in real time to the INFN-CNAF computer center for reconstruction and analysis. The large area covered by the network, ranging from Southern Italy up to the CERN laboratories, was achieved with the decision to install the detectors inside high schools, involving students and teachers in a modern experiment within a unique program. This very coexistence of scientific activity and outreach represents the uniqueness of the EEE Project. The outreach programme is articulated in several initiatives, each encoding the different aspects of the research activity normally expected in a high-energy physics experiment. Students are involved in detector construction at CERN, installation in school, and in the commissioning of the station when data taking starts. Once the detector reaches a steady working regime, students are requested to monitor on a daily basis the performance of the telescope and report any failure. In parallel to the hardware-related operations, students learn how to perform the analysis of EEE data under the supervision of their teachers and of the EEE researchers, supporting the scientific output of the experiment. Every month students report progress and issues in a dedicated online meeting open to all schools and to the EEE researchers. Beside this monthly appointment, in the pre-COVID era an in-person meeting was taking place twice per year, hosted by the Ettore Majorana Foundation and Centre for Scientific Culture in Erice or by a school or institution involved in the project. During a three-day, students attend masterclasses and take part in measurement campaigns, disseminating their results by submitting contributions to important outreach-oriented journals (such as the Italian Giornale di Fisica). © Copyright owned by the author(s)

11.
European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; 48(SUPPL 1):S585-S586, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1610213
12.
European Journal of Public Health ; 31:391-391, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1610007
13.
Retos ; 44:155-166, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1595613

ABSTRACT

The Spanish state of alarm, for the COVID-19 outbreak, resulted in mobility restrictions, changes of habits and sleep disorders.We are investigating whether these disorders can be reduced with the practice of physical activity (PA). A questionnaire was administered to 1,046 people (48.57% men and 51.43% women), with an average age of 40 years (SD: ±13.35). A descriptive quantitative methodology based on a non-purposive sample was used and the data were subjected to non-parametric tests. Regarding rest (quantity of hours of sleep) increased in general, going from 7.13 hours to 7.65 (p=.000), whereas sleep quality worsened, the score decreased from 3.67 to 3.24, p=.000. For the age ranges (18 to 24 years, 25 to 64 and 65 or older), there was significant data (quality and quantity) for the first two ranges (p=.000), and none for the third.The relationship between PA practice and hours/quality of sleep, there were no significant correlations in the entire sample (p=.191, p=.113). The main finding was no significant correlation for any age ranges (sleep quantity & sleep quality), except for the group of 18-24 years.This result contradicts the findings of previous studies. © Federación Española de Asociaciones de Docentes de Educación Física (FEADEF).

14.
European Journal of Public Health ; 31, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1515001

ABSTRACT

Health-care workers (HCWs) on the frontlines have a high risk of acquiring and dying from covid-19. Nursing professionals (NP) represent over half of HCWs in Brazil, a country with high morbidity and mortality from covid-19, above all in 2021. The absenteeism and death of nursing professionals due to covid-19 have a major impact on the workforce. As part of the research by Fiocruz on working conditions among HCWs, including those considered “invisible,” we have conducted this study of death among graduated nurses. Although they represent 4 out of 5 members of nursing teams in Brazil, the technicians and assistant nurses remains largely unseen and are covered by the “invisible” HCW study. We analyzed data from Federal Council of Nurses, publicized at the website Observatorio da Enfermagem. The sociodemographic profile, professional category and timeline of nursing professional deaths were considered. The time period of the study was from March 2020 to March 2021. A total of 670 professionals of the nursing team died, 200 of these were nurses. Among nurses: 59.5% were female and 81.5% were up to 60 years old. Our study registers a concentration of deaths in the North region. Despite having fewer registered professionals, it had the highest number of deaths (29.5%), and the Southeast had the second highest percentage (26.5%). A slow decline was observed until December, when Brazil experienced a “second wave” of Covid-19. Vaccination of Nurses began in late January 2021;therefore, there was not enough time to assess the impact on morbidity and mortality. The results of a study of almost 50 professional categories are under analysis and will be published shortly. Key messages This study is about death by COVID-19 among nurses in Brazil. This study is part of a large one on professional categories, essentials to supporting health care system, conducted by FIOCRUZ.

15.
RETOS Neuvas Tendencias en Educacion Fisica, Deporte y Recreacion ; 42:684-695, 2021.
Article in Spanish | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1410806

ABSTRACT

In Spain, the declaration of the state of alarm due to the Covid-19 pandemic, meant that between 14th of March and 2nd of May 2020, 47 million inhabitants were confined at home and could only go out to cover basic needs. This unprecedented event has led to a paradigm shift, and it is appropriate to analyze its impact on health, considering how it has affected the practice of physical activity. An ad hoc questionnaire was administered. The participants were 1046 people (48.57% male and 51.43% female) and the average age of 40 (+or- DT 13.35 years). Regarding the practice of physical activity, a significant decrease in intensity and quantity stands out (p < .001), and a modification of the type of physical activity performed, going from cardiovascular sports and muscular fitness to soft gymnastics and flexibility practices. The total percentage of people who did no physical activity at all, increased. In addition, although more free time was available, people in ERTE situation significantly decreased their amount of physical activity performed (p < .001). These results allow us to conclude that confinement has meant a modification of physical activity practice habits and a decrease in the recommended values healthy healthy, and therefore has had implications on health and quality of life. This information will help to understand these new behaviors in order for managers to implement innovative strategies to reactivate the return to previous levels of physical activity, its increase and, in short, the reactivation of the sports sector.

16.
2021 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference, EDUCON 2021 ; 2021-April:1654-1659, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1367187

ABSTRACT

The year 2020 has been a year of disruption in our World, at all levels, from society, economics, and education. The World, as we knew it, left to never return. The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted the existing major differences in life styles, working conditions, etc. The education sector was severely shaken, with all courses abruptly sent to an online framework, despite the scientific area or level of education. Every player in Education sector had to adjust their performance. Teachers and students were unexpectedly thrown to online communication platforms, namely Teams, Zooms, and asked to continue classes on a new framework, without a priori preparation. This teaching style is defined as emergency remote teaching (ERT), contrasting to the planned and designed online learning. The echo from this teaching paraphernalia is felt in learning quality, motivation and engagement in students, peers' support, communication, and time management.In this paper, we focus on adaptation to ERT by students attending two Baccalaureate degrees in Engineering, one in Informatics and one in Biomedical Engineering. We gauge the influence of students' ICT (Information, and Communications Technology) backgrounds in the way they perceive their learning process. The analysis of the data collected, from a survey made to the two groups of students, reveals common challenges faced by the students, from learning physical conditions to difficulty in focusing during online classes, and heartfelt absence of the social part in Education. The higher ICT level from the students attending the Baccalaureate in Informatics Engineering, with respect to students attending the Biomedical Engineering, may explain why 7% of these students choose an exclusively online regime. Nevertheless, the other 93% prefer either b-learning or face-to-face. Students in Biomedical Engineering did not consider the exclusively online learning hypothesis. © 2021 IEEE.

17.
Lancet Healthy Longevity ; 2(7):E436-E443, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1337972

ABSTRACT

The 2030 Sustainable Development Goals agenda calls for health data to be disaggregated by age. However, age groupings used to record and report health data vary greatly, hindering the harmonisation, comparability, and usefulness of these data, within and across countries. This variability has become especially evident during the COVID-19 pandemic, when there was an urgent need for rapid cross-country analyses of epidemiological patterns by age to direct public health action, but such analyses were limited by the lack of standard age categories. In this Personal View, we propose a recommended set of age groupings to address this issue. These groupings are informed by age-specific patterns of morbidity, mortality, and health risks, and by opportunities for prevention and disease intervention. We recommend age groupings of 5 years for all health data, except for those younger than 5 years, during which time there are rapid biological and physiological changes that justify a finer disaggregation. Although the focus of this Personal View is on the standardisation of the analysis and display of age groups, we also outline the challenges faced in collecting data on exact age, especially for health facilities and surveillance data. The proposed age disaggregation should facilitate targeted, age-specific policies and actions for health care and disease management.

18.
Retos ; 42:684-695, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1296420

ABSTRACT

In Spain, the declaration of the state of alarm due to the Covid-19 pandemic, meant that between 14th of March and 2nd of May 2020, 47 million inhabitants were confined at home and could only go out to cover basic needs. This unprecedented event has led to a paradigm shift, and it is appropriate to analyze its impact on health, considering how it has affected the practice of physical activity. An ad hoc questionnaire was administered. The participants were 1046 people (48.57% male and 51.43% female) and the average age of 40 (DT 13.35 years). Regarding the practice of physical activity, a significant decrease in intensity and quantity stands out (p .001), and a modification of the type of physical activity performed, going from cardiovascular sports and muscular fitness to soft gymnastics and flexibility practices. The total percentage of people who did no physical activity at all, increased. In addition, although more free time was available, people in ERTE situation significantly decreased their amount of physical activity performed (p .001). These results allow us to conclude that confinement has meant a modification of physical activity practice habits and a decrease in the recommended values of healthy healthy, and therefore has had implications on health and quality of life. This information will help to understand these new behaviors in order for managers to implement innovative strategies to reactivate the return to previous levels of physical activity, its increase and, in short, the reactivation of the sports sector. © 2021 Federacion Espanola de Docentes de Educacion Fisica. All rights reserved.

19.
Tumori ; 106(2 SUPPL):88, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1109863

ABSTRACT

Background: Recent reports highlight the higher incidence of severe events in cancer patients (pts) affected by COVID-19, although, insufficient data are available about the association with immunotherapy. Italian scientific society and colleges (AIOM, CIPOMO, COMU) released shared recommendations according to pts risk of infection and tumor characteristics, demanding for telephone consultations and, if suitable, treatments delay. Material and Methods: In Modena and Reggio Emilia Cancer Centers, medical reports of pts undertaking immunotherapy between January 1st 2020 and April 30th 2020 were collected. For those pts infected with COVID-19, identified by thoracic computerized tomography criteria and RT-PCR of nasopharyngeal specimens according to WHO indications, we estimated the risk of infection and related complications that lead to hospitalization. Results: A total of 337 pts with solid tumors treated with anti-PD1 and anti-PDL-1 antibody regardless the line of treatment was identified. Cancer diagnosis included 156 (46,3%) lung cancer, 74 (22%) melanoma, 36 (10,7%) kidney, 23 (7%) colorectal, 12 (3,4%) head and neck, and, 36 (10,6%) miscellaneous. Only 3 pts (0.9%), all with metastatic disease and during first line therapy were hospitalized for COVID-19 infection (Table1). The median age was 57 years. 2 pts have been treated with immunotherapy in combination with chemotherapy, and 1 patient with anti-PD1 and anti-CTLA-4. The onset symptom was fever in 2 pts, while 1 patient had subjective dyspnea. Subsequently, they develop respiratory distress and underwent to non-invasive assisted ventilation, receiving treatments with hydroxychloroquine, steroids, low molecular weight heparin. Tocilizumab was administered only in 1 patient according to progressive increase of serum IL-6 values. Nobody was admitted in Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Since the last update, May 15th 2020, 1 patient died while the others have recovered resulting COVID-19 negative to nasopharyngeal swab. Conclusions: Although not conclusive, in our series, cancer pts infected by COVID-19 receiving immunotherapy do not appear to be exposed to greater risk of recovery.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL