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1.
MEDLINE; 2020.
Preprint in English | MEDLINE | ID: ppcovidwho-290700

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), can result in a hyperinflammatory state, leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), myocardial injury, and thrombotic complications, among other sequelae. Statins, which are known to have anti-inflammatory and antithrombotic properties, have been studied in the setting of other viral infections and ARDS, but their benefit has not been assessed in COVID-19. Thus, we sought to determine whether antecedent statin use is associated with lower in-hospital mortality in patients hospitalized for COVID-19. This is a retrospective analysis of patients admitted with COVID-19 from February 1 st through May 12 th , 2020 with study period ending on June 11 th , 2020. Antecedent statin use was assessed using medication information available in the electronic medical record. We constructed a multivariable logistic regression model to predict the propensity of receiving statins, adjusting for baseline socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, and outpatient medications. The primary endpoint included in-hospital mortality within 30 days. A total of 2626 patients were admitted during the study period, of whom 951 (36.2%) were antecedent statin users. Among 1296 patients (648 statin users, 648 non-statin users) identified with 1:1 propensity-score matching, demographic, baseline, and outpatient medication information were well balanced. Statin use was significantly associated with lower odds of the primary endpoint in the propensity-matched cohort (OR 0.48, 95% CI 0.36 a" 0.64, p<0.001). We conclude that antecedent statin use in patients hospitalized with COVID-19 was associated with lower inpatient mortality. Randomized clinical trials evaluating the utility of statin therapy in patients with COVID-19 are needed.

2.
Open Forum Infectious Diseases ; 7(SUPPL 1):S158, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1185687

ABSTRACT

Background: In the United States, diabetes mellitus (DM) is among the most common chronic diseases, with approximately 34.2 million people affected. DM has also emerged as a commonly reported risk factor among people hospitalized with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In this study, we sought to evaluate whether people with DM who are hospitalized with COVID-19 were more likely to experience poor early outcomes and whether this association remained after adjustment for obesity status. Methods: We analyzed data from the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) COVID-19 Data Registry. The sample included 450 people with PCR-confirmed SARSCoV- 2 infection who were hospitalized at MGH between March 11, 2020 and April 30, 2020. The primary outcomes were (1) admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) and (2) need for mechanical ventilation or death, both within 14 days of presentation to care. Data were obtained by manual chart review and via an EMR-associated database. Logistic regression was used to evaluate the relationship between diabetes and these outcomes. All models were adjusted for age, sex, race, BMI category and key comorbidities. Results: In this study, 178 (39.6%) of 450 participants had DM and 346 (76.9%) were overweight or obese. People with DM were on average older and had a higher BMI than those without DM. A higher percentage of patients with DM were admitted to the ICU (42.1% vs 29.8%, p=0.007) and required mechanical ventilation or died (46.6% vs 27.7%, p< 0.001), compared with patients without DM (Figure 1). In adjusted models, DM was associated with a greater odds of ICU admission (aOR: 1.58 [95% CI: 1.01- 2.46]) and mechanical ventilation or death (2.15 [1.38-3.34). Obesity was associated with a greater odds of ICU admission (2.15 [1.20-3.86]) but not with mechanical ventilation or death (1.52 [0.87-2.67]). Table 1 provides the model results in full. Conclusion: Diabetes was associated with poor outcomes within 14-days of presentation to care for COVID-19. These findings remained after adjustment for obesity. Our findings can help guide risk mitigation efforts and patient-centered care decision making for people with DM and obesity, particularly in areas of the US that have a high prevalence of DM and obesity and are in early phases of the SARS-CoV-2 outbreak. (Table Presented).

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