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1.
British Journal of Sports Medicine ; 55(Suppl 1):A165-A166, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1533013

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe COVID-19 pandemic led to the implementation of worldwide governmental restrictions and preventative measures with large impact on social life.ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of the pandemic on individual and general sport activities in an effort to provide information for safe return to community sports.DesignAn electronic survey was launched in June 2020 in German and English language. The anonymous questionnaire collected epidemiological data and responses ’before’,’during’ and ’after’ confinement conditions. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analysis were used.SettingMost participants practiced their sport in Europe (93.9%);68.5% were active athletes, 10.1% coaches, 10.1% had other sports functions, 11.3% indicated no regular sports activity.Participants1336 adults (30.5±11.7 years;54.0% women) participated in the survey.Assessment of Risk FactorsRisk factors for a serious course of COVID-19 disease were queried.Main Outcome MeasurementsThe type, extent and intensity of physical activity were defined as main outcome measures.ResultsDuring confinement, 15.7% could perform their main sport unrestricted, 43.5% stated a reduced amount of time spent on sporting activities, 46.4% a reduced intensity level. Most participants were neither aware of screening measures (77.5%) nor of guidelines for dealing with infected athletes (80.0%) or for return to sports after a coronavirus infection (88.6%). Preventive measures mentioned included basic hygiene, measures to reduce personal contacts or virus transmission, or to improve traceability. During confinement, higher age (p = 0.004) and training in a club-setting (p < 0.001) were associated with reduced sporting activity, while the availability of online training (p = 0.030) was linked to increased extent and intensity levels. Lower age (p = 0.001) and recreational sports level (p = 0.005) were associated with decreased activity after confinement.ConclusionsWhile isolation is a necessary measure to protect public health, it also alters physical activity.

2.
Syst Rev ; 10(1): 281, 2021 10 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1486597

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The primary objective of this study is twofold: (1) to examine the effect of COVID-19 safety measures, enacted to prevent transmission of SARS-nCOV-2, on total physical activity in the adult general population (≥ 18 years) and (2) to analyze the impact of the factor "severity of safety measures" on potential changes in physical activity. The secondary objective is to investigate the effects of safety measures on the respective PA intensities, i.e., sedentary behavior, light, moderate, and vigorous physical activity. METHODS: A systematic literature search will be performed in the following online databases: Medline (on Ovid), Web of Science, Scopus, L.OVE Coronavirus disease by Epistemonikos, and ProQuest Dissertations & Theses A&I. All obtained citations will undergo title and abstract as well as full-text screening by two independent reviewers. Observational studies investigating the effects of safety measures on physical activity patterns in the adult general population will be included. The standardized mean difference in total physical activity per time unit between pre- and during COVID-19 or between normative data and during COVID-19 will be the primary outcome. The standardized mean difference in sedentary time, light, moderate, and vigorous physical activity will be assessed as secondary outcomes. Eligible studies will be divided between the reviewers for data extraction using a pilot-tested data form. Risk of bias assessment will be performed using a standard assessment tool. If suitable, a random-effects meta-analysis and meta-regression with a unit of safety measure severity as the independent variable will be performed. DISCUSSION: This study will synthesize available data reporting the effect of COVID-19 safety measures on physical activity patterns in adults. Furthermore, we will incorporate a unit for the severity of safety measures for better generalizability of the results. These findings will be of great value for public health policymaking and estimating future health consequences. SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION: PROSPERO CRD42021231039.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Adult , Exercise , Humans , Meta-Analysis as Topic , Observational Studies as Topic , SARS-CoV-2 , Systematic Reviews as Topic
3.
Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 18(16)2021 08 19.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1376825

ABSTRACT

Low physical fitness (PF) has been associated with higher risk of suffering from different diseases. The importance of PF is evident already in early ages, as children's PF appears to be a key factor of their future PF and physical activity level. Among the variables that may have an influence on children's PF, the importance of parent's socioeconomic status and active/inactive behaviors has been stressed in several previous studies. However, previous literature has mostly reported this association through cross-sectional studies. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of parental education and self-reported parental physical activity (PA) on their children's development of PF during the 4-year duration of primary education. Using German Motor Test 6-18, the major components of PF (sprint velocity, coordination, flexibility, strength endurance, power, and endurance) were measured on a total of 371 children (46.9% girls, 30.6% migration background, 19.6% overweight/obese at the fourth test time point, compliance 70.1%) from 20 primary schools in Tyrol, Austria. Results showed that children with at least one parent with upper secondary education or above obtained significantly higher PF scores at all time points compared to children with both parents with lower secondary education and below. However, PF in both groups developed over time in a comparable manner irrespective of parental education. From the age of 9 years old, children with regularly physically active parents showed a stronger development of PF over the time compared to their peers with parents reporting irregular/no PA. Our results suggest that low-educated parents' children might be considered a special target group for interventions aiming at increasing PF. More research is needed in order to delve into the potential underdevelopment of PF in 9-year-old children whose parents have low PA levels.


Subject(s)
Educational Status , Exercise , Parents , Physical Fitness , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Schools
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