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1.
Tumori ; 107(2 SUPPL):133, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1571640

ABSTRACT

Background: During COVID pandemic, many cancer patients (pts) refused to come to hospital, suspending therapies, with ominous consequences. Based on positive (+) results of DOMONCOVID, our homecare project for COVID+ cancer pts, we created a new model of assistance, ONCOHOME, delivering cancer care at home to immune-compromised pts. We aim to provide data on feasibility, efficacy and costs of this innovative model. Material and Methods: ONCOHOME is a multicenter project involving 3 Cancer Center (CC) of the North of Italy: National Cancer Institute, San Raffaele in Milan and Cremona CC. We created an organizational homecare model based on a medical and nursing team with a car equipped for home visits and a secretariat managing patient calls, with a dedicated phone number. The team administers cancer care at home and provides pts with the same assistance usually delivered in hospital. Patientreported outcome (PRO) assessment is performed. Results: From August 3rd 2020 to May 5th 2021, 79 cancer pts were assisted at home by Cremona team, receiving oral (62 pts), subcutaneous (10pts) or intravenous therapy (7 pts). All types of cancer were included. 77% of pts had a metastatic disease, 88% had a PS ECOG 0-1. Median duration of assistance was 126 days [range 2-270 days]. Most of the pts received oral chemotherapy (41pts). TKIs (25 pts), hormonal therapy (12 pts), supportive care with denosumab and zolendronic acid (5 pts ) and immunotherapy (1 patient, pt) were successfully administered at home, too. 13 pts required hospitalization due to clinical complications. In this group, only 2 pts were admitted to hospital due to severe toxicity;in particular, 1 pt treated with trifluridin/ tipiracil developed febrile neutropenia and 1 pt treated with gefitinib reported Grade 3 diarrhea. Both pts were discharged and continued to be assisted at home. Conclusions: ONCOHOME showed that inpatient or outpatient cancer drug administration could be successfully replaced by home administration, for appropriate therapies and selected pts. This model is feasible at an affordable cost. The project is ongoing, planning to accrue other 100 pts for each center. ONCOHOME will be implemented with electronic devices for PRO evaluation, certified telemedicine service and non-invasive wearable smart tissue monitoring physiological parameters devices.

2.
Tumori ; 107(2 SUPPL):167-168, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1571633

ABSTRACT

Background: Cancer patients (pts) have higher risk of serious COVID-19 symptoms, morbidity and mortality than general population. SARS-CoV-2 vaccine trials excluded patients with metastatic cancer or undergoing immunosuppressive therapies;therefore, the effectiveness of vaccines are unknown in this population. Hence, there is an urgent need to understand the correlation between cancer type, its treatment and vaccine efficacy. Material and Methods: This is a prospective study conducted by the Oncology Unit of Cremona Hospital, enrolling pts from Oncology, Hematology, Radiotherapy and Palliative Care divisions. The trial aims to evaluate effectiveness of mRNA vaccines [BNT162b2 (Pfizer) and mRNA-1273 (Moderna)], incidence of symptomatic COVID-19 infection, antibodies (Abs) response in a consecutive population of 300 cancer pts, undergoing antiblastic therapies, starting from March 2021. Primary endpoint: Number of symptomatic pts affected by COVID-19, diagnosed 7-60 days after the 2nddose of vaccines. Secondary endpoints: Abs variation at different timepoints;duration of abs;correlation between effectiveness of vaccines and antiblastic treatments. Statistical Analysis: The primary objective will be tested by non-inferiority one-single proportion test, compared with the value of 95% observed in the vaccine registration trials. The hypothesis of vaccine inferiority in the trial population is rejected if a rate of protection conferred by the vaccine is observed in 89% of the sample size. Results: 356 patients received mRNA anti-COVID-19 vaccines. None of them reported symptomatic COVID-19 infection after vaccination. Whereas almost all patients (95.6%) with solid tumors developed an antibody response, only 77% of patients with hematological malignancy demonstrated anti-COVID-19 antibody production after vaccination. The different antiblastic treatments didn't have a significant impact on the antibody response. In particular, patients treated with immunotherapies and with chemotherapy developed antibodies against COVID-19 in 98% and 92% of cases, respectively. Conclusions: Vaccination against COVID-19 demonstrated to be effective and to prevent symptomatic COVID- 19 infection in patients with solid and hematological tumors during antiblastic treatment. The depth of antibody response resulted different between patients with solid and hematological malignancies. Different antiblastic therapies didn't significantly impact on the development of the antibody response.

3.
Annals of Oncology ; 32:S1149, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1432899

ABSTRACT

Background: During COVID pandemic, many cancer patients (pts) refused to come to hospital, suspending therapies, with ominous consequences. Based on positive (+) results of DOMONCOVID, our homecare project for COVID+ cancer pts, we created a new model of assistance, ONCOHOME, delivering cancer care at home to immune-compromised pts. We aim to provide data on feasibility, efficacy and costs of this innovative model. Methods: ONCOHOME is a multicenter project involving 3 Cancer Center (CC) of the North of Italy: National Cancer Institute, San Raffaele in Milan and Cremona CC. We created an organizational homecare model based on a medical and nursing team with a car equipped for home visits and a secretariat managing patient calls, with a dedicated phone number. The team administers cancer care at home and provides pts with the same assistance usually delivered in hospital. Patient-reported outcome (PRO) assessment is performed. Results: From August 3rd 2020 to May 5th 2021, 79 cancer pts were assisted at home by Cremona team, receiving oral (62 pts), subcutaneous (10pts) or intravenous therapy (7 pts). All types of cancer were included. 77% of pts had a metastatic disease, 88% had a PS ECOG 0-1. Median duration of assistance was 126 days [range 2-270 days]. Most of the pts received oral chemotherapy (41pts). TKIs (25 pts), hormonal therapy (12 pts), supportive care with denosumab and zolendronic acid (5 pts ) and immunotherapy (1 patient, pt) were successfully administered at home, too. 13 pts required hospitalization due to clinical complications. In this group, only 2 pts were admitted to hospital due to severe toxicity;in particular, 1 pt treated with trifluridin/tipiracil developed febrile neutropenia and 1 pt treated with gefitinib reported Grade 3 diarrhea. Both pts were discharged and continued to be assisted at home. Conclusions: ONCOHOME showed that inpatient or outpatient cancer drug administration could be successfully replaced by home administration, for appropriate therapies and selected pts. This model is feasible at an affordable cost. The project is ongoing, planning to accrue other 100 pts for each center. ONCOHOME will be implemented with electronic devices for PRO evaluation, certified telemedicine service and non-invasive wearable smart tissue monitoring physiological parameters devices. Legal entity responsible for the study: The authors. Funding: Has not received any funding. Disclosure: All authors have declared no conflicts of interest.

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