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Journal of Clinical Rheumatology ; 29(4 Supplement 1):S6, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2323777


Objectives: Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) present greater severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection compared to the general population, particularly those with glomerulonephritis and who are treated with glucocorticoids. Likewise, high disease activity and some immunosuppressants have been associated with worse outcomes. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with SLE in Argentina from the SAR-COVID registry and to establish factors associated with a worse outcome. Method(s): Observational study. Patients diagnosed with SLE with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection (RT-PCR and/or positive serology) from the SAR-COVID registry were included. Data were collected from August 2020 to March 2022. The outcome of the infection was measured using the World Health Organization-ordinal scale (WHO-OS). Severe COVID-19 was defined as an WHO-OS value >=5. Descriptive analysis, Student's t , Mann Whitney U, ANOVA, Chi2 and Fisher's tests. Multivariable logistic regression. Result(s): A total of 399 patients were included, 93%female, with a mean age of 40.9 years (SD 12.2), 39.6% had at least one comorbidity. At the time of infection, 54.9% were receiving glucocorticoids, 30.8% immunosuppressants, and 3.3% biological agents. SARS-CoV-2 infection was mild in most cases, while 4.6% had a severe course and/or died. The latter had comorbidities, used glucocorticoids, and had antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) more frequently and higher disease activity at the time of infection. In the multivariate analysis, high blood pressure (OR 5.1, 95% CI 1.8-15.0), the diagnosis of APS (4.7, 95% CI 1.2-15.8), and the use of glucocorticoids (10 mg/day or more: OR 5.5, 95% CI 1.6-20.5) were associated with severe hospitalization and/or death from COVID-19 (WHO-EO >= 5). Conclusion(s): In this cohort of SLE patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, most had a symptomatic course, 22.1% were hospitalized, and 5% required mechanical ventilation. Mortality was close to 3%. The diagnosis of APS, having high blood pressure, and the use of glucocorticoids were significantly associated with severe COVID-19.

Journal of Clinical Rheumatology ; 29(4 Supplement 1):S7-S8, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2322820


Objectives: To evaluate the association between the ABO and Rh antigens and the clinical characteristics and evolution of the SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with rheumatic diseases. Method(s): SAR-COVID is a national, longitudinal, and observational registry. Patients >=18 years of age with a diagnosis of inflammatory or degenerative rheumatic disease, and confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection (RT-PCR or serology) were included. Data were collected from August 2020 to June 2022. Sociodemographic, clinical data, comorbidities, underlying rheumatic disease, disease activity, and its treatment at the time of infection were recorded, aswell as symptoms, complications and treatments received for COVID-19. The WHO ordinal scale (WHO-OS) was used, and severe COVID-19was defined as WHO-OS>=5. Patients were categorized as follows: blood group A or non-A, and Rh factor positive or negative. Result(s): A total of 1356 patients were included, 547 (40,3%) had blood group A and 809 non-A (59,7%). Regarding the Rh factor, 1230 (90,7%)were positive and 126 (9,3%) negative. Age, sex, ethnicity and comorbidities were comparable between both groups. In both cases, the most frequent rheumatic diseases were rheumatoid arthritis (38,9%;p = 0,052), systemic lupus erythematosus (17,4%;p = 0,530) and osteoarthritis (10,1%;p = 0,888). Patients with non-A blood type presented a higher frequency of psoriatic arthritis (group A 5,1% vs non-A 8,7%;p = 0,015). During SARS-CoV-2 infection, more than 90% of patients in both groups were symptomatic (group A 96.0% vs non-A 94,8%;p = 0,384). Non-A blood group patients had a significantly higher frequency of arthralgia and dysgeusia. In A blood group 18.5% of the patients required hospitalization, 41,0% of them were admitted in the intensive care unit and 5.9% presented complications, while in the non-A blood group, were 16,7%, 31,1% and 5,5%, respectively (p > 0,05 in all the cases). The most frequent complications in both groups were respiratory distress syndrome and sepsis (p > 0,05). The outcome of the COVID-19 infection is detailed in Figure 1. In the multivariate analysis, adjusted for poor prognostic factors, patients with A blood type and those with negative Rh factor presented more likely severe COVID-19. (OR 1,75, 95%CI 1,20-2,56, p = 0,003 and OR 2,63, 95%CI 1,45-4,55, p = 0,001, respectively). Conclusion(s): Blood type A and negative Rh factor were associated with worse COVID-19 outcomes in this national cohort of patients with rheumatic diseases.

Journal of Clinical Rheumatology ; 29(4 Supplement 1):S12-S13, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2322122


Objectives: To assess the severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with axSpA from the SAR-COVID registry, comparing them with patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to determine the factors associated with poor outcomes and death. Method(s): Patients >=18 years of age from the SAR-COVID national registry with diagnosis of axSpA (2009 ASAS criteria) and RA (2010 ACR/EULAR criteria) who had confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection (RT-PCR or positive serology), recruited from August 2020 to June 2022 were included. Sociodemographic and clinical data, comorbidities, treatment and outcomes of the infection were collected. Infection severity was assessed using the WHO-ordinal scale (WHO-OS): ambulatory (1), mild hospitalizations (2.3 y 4), severe hospitalizations (5.6 y 7) and death (8). Result(s): A total of 1226 patients were included, 59 (4.8%) with axSpA and 1167 (95.2%) with RA. RA patients were significantly older, more frequently female, and had a longer disease duration. 43.9 % presented comorbidities. t the time of SARS-Cov-2 diagnosis, patients with RA used glucocorticoids and conventional DMARDs more frequently than those with axSpA, while 74.6% of the latter were under treatment with biological DMARDs being anti-TNF the most used (61%). 94.9 % of the patients in both groups reported symptoms related to SARS-CoV-2 infection. During the SARS-CoV-2 infection, 6.8% and 23.5% of the patients with axSpA and RA were hospitalized, respectively. All the patients with axSpA were admitted to the general ward, while 26.6%of those with RA were admitted to the intensive care units. No patient with axSpA had complications or severe COVID-19 (WHO-OS> = 5) or died as a result of the infection while mortality in the RA group was 3.3% (Figure 1). In the multivariate analysis adjusted for poor prognosis factors, no association was found between the diagnosis of axSpA and severity of SARS-CoV-2 infection assessed with the WHO-OS (OR-0.18, IC 95%(-0.38, 0.01, p = 0.074). Conclusion(s): Patients with axSpA did not present complications from SARSCoV-2 infections and none of them died due COVID-19.