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Respir Care ; 67(7): 789-794, 2022 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1875954


BACKGROUND: In the course of their education, respiratory therapy students participate in clinical rotations, which are essential to their education. Recently, the number of clinical sites has decreased as some have been eliminated. During the COVID-19 pandemic, schools were challenged to find hospitals to accommodate students due to the risk of infection. Tele-ICU has emerged as a means for staff therapists to assess and monitor patients via remote monitoring systems. We hypothesized that a clinical rotation at a tele-ICU would strengthen students' knowledge of mechanical ventilation, telemedicine, and COVID-19. METHODS: In this study, students completed clinical rotations in a tele-ICU. Students spent two 4-h clinical rotations rounding on 320 ICU beds at 5 hospitals. Under the supervision of experienced therapists, students performed remote patient-ventilator assessments, including review and interpretation of ventilator waveforms, patient-ventilator interaction, arterial blood gases, and chest x-rays. Students completed pre- and post-rotation surveys assessing their confidence managing mechanical ventilation, experience with telemedicine, ARDS, and patients with COVID-19. RESULTS: Mean self-confidence in mechanical ventilation (P = .001), assessing waveforms (P = .001), and knowledge of ARDS increased after the clinical rotation (P = .001). Similarly, reported knowledge related to spontaneous breathing trial protocols (P = .009), lung-protective ventilation (P = .002), patient care planning (P = .001), and use of Excel spreadsheets (P = .002) increased from the beginning to the end of the clinical rotation. Student confidence in interprofessional communication increased from 85 [69-98] to 95 [78-100]; P = .03). Overall, the largest change was students' ability to assess patients with COVID-19 (pre-rotation 50.0 [11.5-65.7], post-rotation 80.0 [58.5-100]; P = .001). Qualitative results revealed overwhelmingly positive results for both students and preceptors. CONCLUSIONS: Students' confidence in assessing patients via remote monitoring increased in a tele-ICU clinical rotation. Self-assessed knowledge related to COVID-19 also increased to statistical significance.

COVID-19 , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Telemedicine , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Pandemics , Students, Medical
Front Public Health ; 9: 628333, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1247940


Introduction: High levels of physical, cognitive, and psychosocial impairments are anticipated for those recovering from the COVID-19. In the UK, ~50% of survivors will require additional rehabilitation. Despite this, there is currently no evidence-based guideline available in England and Wales that addresses the identification, timing and nature of effective interventions to manage the morbidity associated following COVID-19. It is now timely to accelerate the development and evaluation of a rehabilitation service to support patients and healthcare services. Nuffield Health have responded by configuring a scalable rehabilitation pathway addressing the immediate requirements for those recovering from COVID-19 in the community. Methods and Analysis: This long-term evaluation will examine the effectiveness of a 12-week community rehabilitation programme for COVID-19 patients who have been discharged following in-patient treatment. Consisting of two distinct 6-week phases; Phase 1 is an entirely remote service, delivered via digital applications. Phase 2 sees the same patients transition into a gym-based setting for supervised group-based rehabilitation. Trained rehabilitation specialists will coach patients across areas such as goal setting, exercise prescription, symptom management and emotional well-being. Outcomes will be collected at 0, 6, and 12 weeks and at 6- and 12-months. Primary outcome measures will assess changes in health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) and COVID-19 symptoms using EuroQol Five Dimension Five Level Version (EQ-5D-5L) and Dyspnea-12, respectively. Secondary outcome measures of the Duke Activity Status Questionnaire (DASI), 30 s sit to stand test, General Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), Patient Experience Questionnaire (PEQ) and Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALY) will allow for the evaluation of outcomes, mediators and moderators of outcome, and cost-effectiveness of treatment. Discussion: This evaluation will investigate the immediate and long-term impact, as well as the cost effectiveness of a blended rehabilitation programme for COVID-19 survivors. This evaluation will provide a founding contribution to the literature, evaluating one of the first programmes of this type in the UK. The evaluation has international relevance, with the potential to show how a new model of service provision can support health services in the wake of COVID-19. Trial Registration: Current Trials ISRCTN ISRCTN14707226 Web:

COVID-19 , Quality of Life , England/epidemiology , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Wales