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Journal of Contemporary Asia ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1984647


In 2019 President Xi Jinping called for the prioritisation of blockchain technology as part of China’s next phase of development. In China, blockchain technologies have been experimentally deployed in various areas including court records, securities exchanges, finance, and food supply chains. The emergence of blockchain as a governmental technology raises numerous questions, including: (i) what are the conditions of emergence and existence of China’s interest in blockchain technology? (ii) what are the features of “blockchains with Chinese characteristics”? (iii) what implications are there for the post-COVID-19 pandemic world, in which technological issues are likely to be pivotal points of contention? This article seeks to examine these questions and frame a research programme that can shed light on how blockchains may impact the evolution and shape of China’s social and economic structure and the interaction of China with the rest of the world, including the prospect of “decoupling” and “deglobalisation.” Examples of blockchain innovation are drawn from food and pharmaceutical supply chains, the Healthy China 2030 policy, the digital RMB/Yuan and the Belt and Road Initiative with attention to the emerging legal and institutional frames that support the application of blockchain technologies. © 2022 Journal of Contemporary Asia.

Water International ; 45(5):416-422, 2021.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1532260


Household water insecurity may exacerbate the COVID-19 pandemic and exact an even greater toll on people, especially in Africa, Asia and Latin America, simply because too many people do not have access to safe and secure water services, including water supply and sanitation, at home. Recent studies have shown that as many as a quarter of households in the Global South may be unable to practise necessary hand hygiene. Megacities may be at particular risk of being unable to manage the COVID-19 pandemic due to sheer population density as well as a lack of reliable clean water and sanitation. Problems of water insecurity are not restricted to the Global South but extend into higher-income countries as well. The steady decline in provision of public sanitation around the world, even in wealthy countries, makes adequate hygiene an even more intractable problem.

J Hosp Med ; 15(8): 495-497, 2020 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-721648


Rarely, if ever, does a national healthcare system experience such rapid and marked change as that seen with the COVID-19 pandemic. In March 2020, the president of the United States declared a national health emergency, enabling the Department of Health & Human Services authority to grant temporary regulatory waivers to facilitate efficient care delivery in a variety of healthcare settings. The statutory requirement that Medicare beneficiaries stay three consecutive inpatient midnights to qualify for post-acute skilled nursing facility coverage is one such waiver. This so-called Three Midnight Rule, dating back to the 1960s as part of the Social Security Act, is being scrutinized more than half a century later given the rise in observation hospital stays. Despite the tragic emergency circumstances prompting waivers, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services and Congress now have a unique opportunity to evaluate potential improvements revealed by COVID-19 regulatory relief and should consider permanent reform of the Three Midnight Rule.

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, U.S./organization & administration , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Skilled Nursing Facilities/legislation & jurisprudence , Subacute Care/legislation & jurisprudence , Betacoronavirus , COVID-19 , Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, U.S./legislation & jurisprudence , Health Care Reform , Humans , Medicare/legislation & jurisprudence , Outpatients , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2 , United States