This paper presents a novel Lasso Logistic Regression model based on feature-based time series data to determine disease severity and when to administer drugs or escalate intervention procedures in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Advanced features were extracted from highly enriched and time series vital sign data of hospitalized COVID-19 patients, including oxygen saturation readings, and with a combination of patient demographic and comorbidity information, as inputs into the dynamic feature-based classification model. Such dynamic combinations brought deep insights to guide clinical decision-making of complex COVID-19 cases, including prognosis prediction, timing of drug administration, admission to intensive care units, and application of intervention procedures like ventilation and intubation. The COVID-19 patient classification model was developed utilizing 900 hospitalized COVID-19 patients in a leading multi-hospital system in Texas, United States. By providing mortality prediction based on time-series physiologic data, demographics, and clinical records of individual COVID-19 patients, the dynamic feature-based classification model can be used to improve efficacy of the COVID-19 patient treatment, prioritize medical resources, and reduce casualties. The uniqueness of our model is that it is based on just the first 24 hours of vital sign data such that clinical interventions can be decided early and applied effectively. Such a strategy could be extended to prioritize resource allocations and drug treatment for futurepandemic events.
Subject(s)COVID-19 , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Resource Allocation , SARS-CoV-2 , Time Factors
Global pandemics call for large and diverse healthcare data to study various risk factors, treatment options, and disease progression patterns. Despite the enormous efforts of many large data consortium initiatives, scientific community still lacks a secure and privacy-preserving infrastructure to support auditable data sharing and facilitate automated and legally compliant federated analysis on an international scale. Existing health informatics systems do not incorporate the latest progress in modern security and federated machine learning algorithms, which are poised to offer solutions. An international group of passionate researchers came together with a joint mission to solve the problem with our finest models and tools. The SCOR Consortium has developed a ready-to-deploy secure infrastructure using world-class privacy and security technologies to reconcile the privacy/utility conflicts. We hope our effort will make a change and accelerate research in future pandemics with broad and diverse samples on an international scale.
Subject(s)Biomedical Research , Computer Security , Coronavirus Infections , Information Dissemination , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Privacy , COVID-19 , Humans , Information Dissemination/ethics , Internationality , Machine Learning
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of telemedicine amid the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in patients with cancer and assess barriers to its implementation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Telehealth video visits, using the Houston Methodist MyChart platform, were offered to patients with cancer as an alternative to in-person visits. Reasons given by patients who declined to use video visits were documented, and demographic information was collected from all patients. Surveys were used to assess the levels of satisfaction of treating physicians and patients who agreed to video visits. RESULTS: Of 1,762 patients with cancer who were offered telehealth video visits, 1,477 (83.8%) participated. The patients who declined participation were older (67.7 v 60.2 years; P < .0001), lived in significantly lower-income areas (P = .0021), and were less likely to have commercial insurance (P < .0001) than patients who participated. Most participating patients (92.6%) were satisfied with telehealth video visits. A majority of physicians (65.2%) were also satisfied with its use, and 74% indicated that they would likely use telemedicine in the future. Primary concerns that physicians had in using this technology were inadequate patient interactions and acquisition of medical data, increased potential for missing significant clinical findings, decreased quality of care, and potential medical liability. CONCLUSION: Oncology/hematology patients and their physicians expressed high levels of satisfaction with the use of telehealth video visits. Despite recent advances in technology, there are still opportunities to improve the equal implementation of telemedicine for the medical care of vulnerable older, low-income, and underinsured patient populations.