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1.
Indian J Med Res ; 155(1): 123-128, 2022 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2201754

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: The safety of the ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine is a cause of concern for many who have been vaccinated. The people have multiple concerns and fear regarding the adverse events of the vaccine. Thus, this study was undertaken to establish the safety profile of ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 Corona Virus Vaccine (Recombinant) among the healthcare professionals. Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional survey. After taking clearance from the institutional ethics committee 1500 healthcare professionals, who had their vaccination in the past two weeks were selected. They were provided with an online survey proforma regarding adverse events following immunization (AEFIs) of COVID-19 vaccine developed using google forms with an informed consent form affixed to it. Results: A total of 1036 individuals participated in the study. The mean and median (inter quartile range) age of the participants was 37.7 ±11.25 and 35 (29-46) yr, respectively. Of these, 52.1 per cent were female, 29.3 per cent were doctors, 33.4 per cent were nurses and 9.5 per cent were paramedical staff. Forty six per cent participants experienced one or more minor AEFIs such as pain, tenderness, redness, etc. at the injection site. Fatigue (31.75%), generalized feeling of unwell (28.57%), muscle pain (23.16%) and fever (21.71%) were the most commonly reported systemic AEFIs followed by headache (20.07%), dizziness (10.03%) and joint pains (15.25%). Most of them experienced these AEFIs within 24 h of the first dose of administration. About 42 per cent of the participants took oral antipyretics/analgesics for managing the AEFIs. Interpretation & conclusions: ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 Corona Virus Vaccine was found to be associated with mild local and systemic AEFIs that were more common after the first dose as compared to the second dose. There adverse events could be dealt with oral over-the-counter medications, with no requirement of hospitalization.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 , Cross-Sectional Studies , Delivery of Health Care , Female , Humans , Male
3.
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care ; 11(10):6478-6486, 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2201943

ABSTRACT

Background: Data on outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in pregnancy are scarce, although they represent a unique physiological state affecting both the mother and child. We present collated data from a tertiary care center in North India, encompassing the outcome, clinical characteristics, and management of these patients. Materials and Methods: Parturients 18 years old, with COVID-19 reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, requiring intensive care unit (ICU) admission at a tertiary care hospital were included. Data were retrospectively collected from April 2020 to November 2021.

4.
Omics a Journal of Integrative Biology ; 28:28, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2134742

ABSTRACT

It is estimated that 50% of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have varying degrees of renal involvement. In this clinical biomarker development research, we examined in a retrospective study design the temporal changes in biochemical laboratory parameters in relation to the development of acute kidney injury (AKI). In a sample of 399 patients admitted from May 2020 to May 2021 to a tertiary health care intensive care unit (ICU), the incidence of AKI was 27.3%, and the median time to AKI was on 7th day of ICU admission. Most common etiology of AKI was kidney hypoperfusion. Within 72 h of developmental of low blood pressure, 63.76% developed AKI. The likelihood of AKI was higher in those with elevated serum ferritin, aspartate transaminase, and thrombocytopenia (low platelet count). A cutoff value of 750.3 ng/mL [area under the ROC curve (AUC) = 0.777] for serum ferritin, and 40.05 U/L for alanine aminotransferase (AUC = 0.677) 1 day before development of AKI displayed, respectively, a sensitivity of 76.2% and 64.3%, whereas the specificity was 69.5% and 64.1%, respectively, for these two biochemical predictors. A cutoff value of platelets (152.50 x 109/L [AUC = 0.75]) measured 4 days before development of AKI, displayed 83.3% sensitivity and 16.4% specificity. Taken together, our study thoroughly examined the temporal association of various clinical and laboratory parameters with AKI and prediction models were developed as per results of the time series data. These observations in a tertiary health care setting contribute to ongoing efforts for biomarker discovery and development using routine biochemical tests so as to forecast AKI in patients with COVID-19.

5.
Indian J Med Res ; 155(5&6): 526-537, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2040110

ABSTRACT

Background & objectives: The high mortality associated with the thrombotic events in hospitalized COVID-19 patients resulted in the usage of anticoagulants in varying doses. Whether high-dose anticoagulants have led to better outcomes or higher incidence of clinically significant bleeding events is debatable. Thus, this study was conducted to find the incidence of clinically significant bleeding events in moderate-to-severe COVID-19 ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome) patients on therapeutic anticoagulation and their outcomes. Methods: In this retrospective, single-centre study of 155 critically ill COVID-19 patients, the incidence of clinically significant bleeding was observed. Multivariate regression models were used to evaluate the association between anticoagulant regimen, coagulation and inflammatory markers with the incidence of bleeding and thrombotic events. Results: The incidence of clinically relevant non-major bleeding was 33.54 per cent (26.17-41.46%) and major bleeding was 9.03 per cent (5.02-14.69%). The anticoagulation intensity at baseline had a high odds of major bleeding when enoxaparin and dual antiplatelet therapy were used together [adjusted odds ratio OR of 434.09 (3.81-49502.95), P<0.05]. At admission, bleeders had a poorer PaO2/FiO2 ratio with more patients on invasive ventilation. At the time of bleeding, the bleeders had a higher D-dimer, ferritin, C-reactive protein and procalcitonin compared to non-bleeders. The subhazard ratio for death in bleeders was 3.35 (95% confidence interval, 1.97-5.65; P<0.001). Interpretation & conclusions: The incidence of bleeding in critically ill COVID-19 patients on therapeutic anticoagulation may increase with the severity of the disease as well as with concurrent use of dual antiplatelets. Major bleeding may also contribute to higher mortality.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Thrombosis , Humans , Anticoagulants , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Critical Illness , Incidence , Hemorrhage/chemically induced , Hemorrhage/epidemiology
6.
Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine ; 26:S83, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2006370

ABSTRACT

Aim and background: The high mortality associated with the thrombotic events in hospitalised COVID-19 patients resulted in the usage of anticoagulants in varying doses. Whether the high-dose anticoagulants have led to better outcomes or higher incidence of clinically significant bleeding events is still debatable. Objectives: To find the incidence of clinically significant bleeding events in moderate to severe COVID-19 patients on therapeutic anticoagulation and the factors influencing these events. Materials and methods: In our retrospective, single-centre, cohort study of 155 critically ill COVID-19 patients we observed the incidence of clinically significant bleeding. Multivariate regression models were used to evaluate the association between anticoagulant regimen, coagulation, and inflammatory markers with the incidence of bleeding and thrombotic events. Results: The incidence of Clinically Relevant Non-Major Bleeding (CRNMB) was 33.5% (26.17-41.46%,) and major bleeding was 9.03% (5.02-14.69%). The anticoagulation intensity at baseline had a very high odds of major bleeding when Enoxaparin and dual antiplatelet therapy were used together (adjusted OR of 434.09 [3.81-49502.95], p < 0.05). At admission, bleeders had a poorer P/F ratio with more patients on invasive ventilation. At the time of bleeding, the bleeders had a higher d-dimer, ferritin, CRP, and procalcitonin. The subhazard ratio (SHR) for death in bleeders was 3.35 (95% CI, 1.97-5.65;p < 0.001). Conclusion: The incidence of bleeding in critically ill COVID-19 patients on therapeutic anticoagulation increases with the severity of the disease as well as with concurrent use of dual antiplatelets. Major bleeding may also contribute to higher mortality.

7.
Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine ; 26:S82-S83, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2006369

ABSTRACT

Aim and background: Efficacy of therapeutic vitamin D3 supplementation for ICU outcomes in severe COVID-19 is sparingly studied. Objective: Effect of single high-dose vitamin D3 supplementation on sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score in patients with moderate to severe COVID-19 disease. Materials and methods: A single centre, randomized, doubleblind, placebo-controlled study was carried out among 90 patients with moderate to severe COVID-19 ARDS defined by PaO2/FiO2 <200. Participants received 0.6 million IU vitamin D3 (oral nanoformulation) (intervention) or placebo (equal volume, oral). SOFA score on day-3, -7, -10, and -14 was measured. The primary outcome was a change in day-7 SOFA score from admission. Pre-specified secondary outcomes were day 10 and day-14 SOFA score, change in PaO2/FiO2 ratio, in-hospital all-cause mortality, and inflammatory cytokine levels. Results: A total of 358 patients were screened and 90 patients (45 in each group) were included. 25(OH)D3 levels were 12.0 (10.0-16.0) and 12.7 (12-18) ng/mL (p = 0.059) at study entry;60 (54.40 to 65.59) ng/mL and 3.8 [1.05 to 6.55] at day-3 in the intervention and placebo group, respectively. The SOFA score on day-7 was better in the treatment group [intergroup difference was -2 (95% CI, -3.99 to -0.01, p = 0.009) with effect-size of r = 0.35 (95% CI, 0.09-0.55). The all-cause mortality with intervention was 24.4% compared to 44.4% (p = 0.046) in the control group. A significant improvement in the day-7 PaO2/FiO2 ratio [200.50 (101.01-291.30) and 110.70 (66.20-166.50), p = 0.003;intergroup difference -98.6 (40.70 to 156.49)], a decrease in CRP [-48.63 (-80.78 to -16.48) and 5.4 (-17.62 to 28.42), p = 0.042)], ferritin [-412.3 (-736.29 to -88.31) and 41.5 (-293.68 to 376.68), p = 0.018] was observed in the intervention and placebo groups, respectively. Conclusion: Single high-dose oral cholecalciferol supplementation to increase vitamin D3 >50 ng/mL improves the SOFA score and reduces in-hospital mortality in vitamin-D deficient patients with severe COVID-19.

8.
Psychosomatic Medicine ; 84(5):A7, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2002987

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2 is highly infectious and has ability to mutate into newer, more contagious, and lethal strains. Moreover, presence of comorbidities and low immunity increases the COVID-19 susceptibility and severity. Thus, COVID-19 is challenging to treat and eradicate globally. This increase stress and anxiety among the patients, worsening their condition. Even health care workers (HCWs) are distressed and anxious while managing the COVID-19. Mental stress and depression increases risk of COVID-19. Yogic breathing techniques may be beneficial in improving immunity and reducing stress and anxiety. The present study investigated the effectiveness of short and controlled Yoga-based breathing protocols in COVID-positive, COVID-recovered and HCWs. Study subjects were recruited from Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India from 13th October, 2020 to 7th January 2021. Each group was randomly divided into intervention or yoga group and non-intervention or control group. COVID-positive practiced a 5-min routine and COVID-recovered and HCW practiced 5-min and 18-min routines for 15 days. Pre-post estimation of neuropsychological parameters and heart rate variability and baseline, 7th and 15th day estimation of biochemical parameters, 6-minute walk and 1-minute sit-stand tests were conducted. Based on Ayurveda, Prakriti-type was assessed. WBC count was elevated in COVID-positive intervention (p<0.001) and control groups (p=0.003). WBC count (p=0.002) and D-dimer (p=0.002) was decreased in COVID-recovered intervention. A non-significant reduction in perceived stress and tension was noted in COVID-positive intervention. Tension was reduced and quality of life improved in HCW intervention (p>0.05). The Kapha Prakriti (48.9 %) was dominant among COVID-19 infected (positive and recovered) subjects. Distance covered in 6-min increased after intervention in COVID-positive (p=0.01) and HCW (p=0.002). The covered distance was more after intervention in all groups than control sub-group. COVID-positive intervention group shows reduced heart rate (p>0.05) and high-frequency power (p=0.01). The interventions were capable of improving exercise capacity in patients and HCW and reduced cardiovascular risk in COVID-19. The studied breathing protocol can be integrated for the management of COVID-19 and is beneficial to HCWs.

9.
Virusdisease ; 33(3): 236-243, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1982384

ABSTRACT

Environmental surfaces are potential source of SARS-CoV2 transmission. The study assessed the efficacy of hospital disinfection policy and contamination of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2) RNA in COVID management Hospital. Inanimate surfaces from both patient areas (n = 70) and non-patient areas (n = 39) were sampled through surface swabbing and subjected to Reverse transcriptase PCR. Out of the 70 samples collected from the COVID hospital, SARS-CoV2 RNA positivity of 17.5% (7/40) and 6.7% (2/30) was seen in high risk and moderate risk area respectively. Samples from Non COVID related patient area such as CD ward and administrative block were assessed and the SARS CoV-2 RNA positivity was 0% and 10% respectively. Among the total 8 environmental surface samples positive for SARS-CoV2 RNA detected from the area surrounding the SARS-CoV2 infected patients, maximum positivity of 31.8% (7/22) was found among the environmental samples collected around the patients with < 20 Ct value in nasopharyngeal swab samples followed by 3.3% positivity (1/30) around patients with Ct value ranging from 20 to 25 whereas no SARS-CoV2 RNA (0/5) was detected around the patient with > 25 Ct value. Nearly 50% (2/4) of the surface samples came positive from the resident PPE and mobile of the treating doctors which largely elaborates the need for stringent doffing measurement and hand hygiene policy post doffing. The study emphasizes the necessity of frequent and aggressive disinfection policy to prevent nosocomial infection in such high risk areas within close vicinity of the patients.

10.
Am J Infect Control ; 2022 Jul 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1966280

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene compliance (HHC) monitoring is almost always done in daytime. Documentation of HHC in health care workers (HCWs) is limited during odd hours and nighttime. The objective of the study was to determine diurnal variation in HHC in different categories of health care workers in tertiary care hospital in North India. METHODS: A prospective, observational study was conducted in 3 COVID-19 intensive care units (ICUs) with closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras. Dedicated infection control nurses monitored HHC among various HCWs (doctors, nursing staff, technicians, hospital and sanitary attendants) during day and nighttime, in 20-minute durations. The difference in HHC by-professional category and for each WHO moment was assessed using χ² test and P value. RESULTS: A total of 705 opportunities were observed over a period of 7 days, with overall compliance of 53%. Day and nighttime compliance was recorded to be 60.7% and 42.1%, respectively (P < .001). HCC was highest amongst resident doctors with little diurnal variation. However, nurses and housekeeping staff exhibited significant diurnal variation. The compliance at "after" moments was much higher than "before" moments in all professional categories. CONCLUSION: There was a significant decrease in compliance during nighttime, amongst all HCWs, with maximum variation exhibited by nursing staff. The present study underlines the importance of monitoring HHC at odd hours, to elicit a more accurate picture round the clock. Health care facilities monitoring compliance only during the daytime may substantially overestimate HHC.

11.
Placenta ; 127: 1-7, 2022 09.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1937084

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: This study aims at observing placental pathologies in COVID-19 infected women, and analyzing its impact on pregnancy outcome. METHOD: This is a descriptive-analytical study done at a tertiary centre of Northern India. All COVID-19 positive pregnant women with gestational age ≥20 weeks, with placental histopathological reporting, were included in this study. A total of 173 COVID-19 pregnant women were included in the study. RESULTS: Placental abnormalities were noticed in 49·16% of total 179 placentae examined. Maternal vascular malperfusion (27·93%) was the most observed placental pathology followed by villous fibrin deposits (22·90%), fetal vasculopathy (16·75%), and acute inflammation (6·70%). Stillbirths were 22 and NICU admissions were seen in 50 neonates. Abnormal placental abnormalities led to higher stillbirths (p value 0·011) and lower Apgar scores at 1 and 5 min (p-value 0·028; p-value 0·002, respectively). Intervillous fibrin deposits had higher risk associated with lower Apgar score at 1 and 5 min [RR 2·05 (95% CI 1·21-3·48, p-value 0·010) and RR 5·52 (95% CI 2·58-11·81, p-value <0·001), respectively]. RP clot/hemorrhage was also associated with lower Apgar score at 1 and 5 min [RR 2·61 (95% CI 1·52-4·49, p-value 0·002) and RR 3.54 (95% CI 1·66-7·55, p-value 0·001), respectively]. DISCUSSION: Placental abnormalities in COVID-19 infection were associated with significant higher incidence of unexplained stillbirths, and lower Apgar scores. Although, this is the largest descriptive-analytical study done so far, comparative studies are required to draw a clear conclusion regarding the impact of COVID-19 infection on human placenta and its effect on pregnancy outcomes.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Placenta Diseases , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Female , Fibrin , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Mothers , Placenta/pathology , Placenta Diseases/pathology , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Stillbirth/epidemiology
14.
Journal of the Association of Physicians of India ; 70(January):28-32, 2022.
Article in English | GIM | ID: covidwho-1824435

ABSTRACT

Background: Although hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) lacks benefit in patients with moderate-to-severe COVID-19, its role in asymptomatic and mildly symptomatic disease needs better elucidation.

15.
Journal of Association of Physicians of India ; 70(1):28-32, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1728241

ABSTRACT

Background: Although hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) lacks benefit in patients with moderate-to-severe COVID-19, its role in asymptomatic and mildly symptomatic disease needs better elucidation. Methods: This multi-centre cohort study included asymptomatic and mildly symptomatic, RT-PCR confirmed COVID-19 cases between 30 March and 20 May, 2020. Patients were categorized into two groups (HCQ-treated and untreated) based on exposure to HCQ. Dose of HCQ used was 400 mg twice daily (day one) followed by once daily for seven days. HCQ-untreated patients were managed supportively without any active antiviral or immunomodulatory therapy. Nasopharyngeal SARS-CoV-2 clearance by RT-PCR (primary outcome) was compared between HCQ-treated and untreated patients using Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional-hazards regression. Clinical efficacy and safety profile of HCQ were assessed (secondary outcomes). Results:162 patients [84 (51·9%) males;mean age 38·2 (15·2) years] were included. Forty-four (27·2%) patients had mild disease, rest 118 (72·8%) were asymptomatic. Seventy-five (46·3%) patients received HCQ. Median time to virological negativity was lesser in HCQ-treated (13 days) versus untreated patients (15 days) (log-rank<0·001) in both asymptomatic and mildly symptomatic patients. Treatment with HCQ was the only independent predictor of virological negativity (hazard-ratio=2·24;adjusted p-value<0·001). Two (5·4%) mildly symptomatic patients progressed to severe disease within 24 hours (two doses) of HCQ initiation, compared to none in the HCQ-untreated group. Five HCQ-treated patients developed minor gastrointestinal side effects, not requiring drug discontinuation. Conclusion: HCQ reduced the time to virologic negativity (by 2 days) in asymptomatic and mildly symptomatic COVID-19, without any serious adverse events. However, no obvious clinical benefit was noted. © 2022 Journal of Association of Physicians of India. All rights reserved.

16.
Ain - Shams Journal of Anesthesiology ; 13(1), 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1477481

ABSTRACT

BackgroundThe COVID-19 pandemic and its consequent “social distancing” has fueled the use of social media platforms for educational purposes. Since the start of the pandemic, a plethora of experts and self-proclaimed experts have been keenly delivering webinars on COVID. This begs the question “Do webinars on COVID-19 really help in the improvement of knowledge base or management skills?”. The questionnaire was designed to assess information regarding COVID-webinars and their usefulness from the end-user standpoint. The response to the questions was measured using a 4- or 5-point Likert scale. The survey was open for a 4-week period with the extension of 1 week.ResultsThe response rate was 54% as 270 out of 500 participants responded to the questionnaire. The majority of the respondents were anesthesiologists in-training, post-graduates, fellows, and seniors belonging to tertiary care settings with fewer percentages belonging to physicians and others. Most of the doctors had attended an average of 2 webinars per week. The tests of model effects showed a significant negative correlation of webinar quality ratings for district hospital healthcare setting of the attendees (of p value of 0.013) and for the number of COVID-related webinars attended per week (p value of 0.009).ConclusionsMost respondents had favorable perceptions of webinars happening during the pandemic. However, there is a need for improvisation in the volume of webinars, target-audience-based delivery, and participant interaction to add value to this new dimension of teaching-learning.

17.
Anesthesia and Analgesia ; 133(3 SUPPL 2):1915, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1444850

ABSTRACT

Background and aims: The COVID19 pandemic prioritises care for COVID patients and working practices in hospitals have been radically adjusted accordingly. It has deeply impacted structured anaesthesia training in medical institutes. Conduct of thesis by trainees (mandatory research work as a partial fulfilment for requirement of degree) especially with non-COVID19 related topics has also been affected. Aim of this cross-sectional, observational trial is to assess the impact of COVID19 pandemic on thesis by anaesthesia trainees in a tertiary care institute of north India. Methodology: After obtaining institute ethical committee approval, the study protocol was prospectively registered with Clinical Trial Registry of India (CTRI/2020/12/029724). Eligible anaesthesia trainees (MD as well as DM super-specialty courses) of Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care at our institute were asked to fill the self-administered questionnaire using Google forms. Submission of Google forms was considered as consent for participation. Duration of the survey was limited to 1 week. The primary objective was to assess number of thesis affected by ongoing pandemic. The secondary objective was to find factors affecting the conduct of thesis during pandemic. Results: Out of 92 eligible anaesthesia trainees, 85 responded to the questionnaire. 71 (83.52%) perceived some delays in the conduct of thesis. During thesis planning phase, the most common cause was inability to meet statistician, followed by delay in topic selection, and inability to meet the mentors. During study execution phase, travel restriction for patients, curtailment of elective surgeries as well as investigators' COVID duties/ quarantine leaves were more commonly associated with delay. During study completion phase, inability to have frequent meetings with mentors as well as to get statistical analysis done resulted in delay. Conclusion: Conduct of non-COVID19 related thesis by anaesthesia trainees have been significantly affected during the COVID19 pandemic.

18.
Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine ; 43(5):467-467, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1431608
19.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 681942, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1305654

ABSTRACT

Objective: To detect retinal involvement in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients in acute and convalescent phase by their fundus screening. Methods: In a prospective, cross-sectional, observational study (July-November 2020), 235 patients (142 acute and 93 convalescent phase) underwent fundus screening in a tertiary care center in North India. For convalescent phase, "hospitalized" patients (73) were screened at least 2 weeks after hospital discharge, and "home-isolated" patients (20) were screened 17 days after symptom onset/COVID-19 testing. Results: None in acute phase showed any retinal lesion that could be attributed exclusively to COVID-19. Five patients (5.38%) in convalescent phase had cotton wool spots (CWSs) with/without retinal hemorrhage, with no other retinal finding, and no visual symptoms, seen at a median of 30 days from COVID-19 diagnosis. Conclusions: CWSs (and retinal hemorrhages) were an incidental finding in COVID-19, detected only in the convalescent phase. These patients were much older (median age = 69 years) than the average age of our sample and had systemic comorbidities (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, etc.). We propose the term "COVID-19 retinopathy" to denote the presence of CWSs at the posterior pole, occasionally associated with intraretinal hemorrhages, in the absence of ocular inflammation in patients with a history of COVID-19 disease.

20.
Anesth Essays Res ; 14(3): 366-369, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1259674

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic is an emerging, rapidly evolving public health emergency where a nation's health-care system can face a marked surge in demand for intensive care unit (ICU) beds and organ support. In regions with insufficient medical resources, it may further aggravate the existing shortage, limiting an ICU's ability to provide the normal standard of care. It can present ethically or legally demanding questions about how to prioritize the allocation of life-saving medical resources. In developing countries like India, still many hospitals are challenged by competing priorities and remain underprepared. In the wake of COVID-19 pandemic, to guide the intensive care disaster planners in regions with low resources and to ensure ICU readiness, this review shares our experience and strategies for preparing ICU with existing and alternative resources, focusing on space, equipment, and health-care workers' safety and training.

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