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1.
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development ; 12(4):304-307, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1328475

ABSTRACT

Background: Poornima University, in collaboration with Jodhpur School of Public Health, hosted an insightful and interactive live global webinar on the topic of “From AIDS to COVID: The Rocky road of Public Health” on August 8, 2020. Findings: This report provides information about the coronavirus, the good and bad impact of COVID-19, and some of the major challenges that were faced all across the globe. Many questions are it the origin of the virus or the route of transmission of the virus remains unclear. But the good thing is that there were many innovations in the field of testing, repurposing of drugs, and rapid development of vaccines to reduce the spread of the pandemic. Conclusion: The findings show that a lot of questions are yet to be answered and that there is a need of focusing on public health. There were many learnings from this pandemic and one of the most important lessons was that the involvement of communities is a key step to face such global challenges. The pandemic is not going anywhere soon, and therefore, it becomes necessary to bring in change and sustain it for the future. The challenges faced during this pandemic have served as valuable lessons and it is vital to focus on the shortcomings to avoid such negative impacts around the world.

2.
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development ; 12(4):6-10, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1328471

ABSTRACT

Background: Poornima University, in collaboration with Jodhpur School of Public Health, hosted an insightful and interactive live global webinar on “Hepatitis Free Future” on 1st August 2020. Four speakers and six panellists addressed the current situation, preventive measures, and future directions for achieving the target of hepatitis elimination by 2030 Findings: Globally, Hepatitis B and C (HBV & HCV) accounts for 96% of all hepatitis mortality and more than 300 million people are living with viral hepatitis. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 1 in 3 people worldwide has been infected with either HBV or HCV.Global uptake in childhood vaccination is significant for HBV, but the birth dose for all infants is too low (nearly 39% percent). Despite vaccination, 1.8 billion 5-year-old get infected every year with HBV.Various programs and projects are contributing to the elimination of the Hepatitis to reach the international goal. Due to COVID-19 there would be setbacks however we have all the tools within our reach and we must use them to get elimination, most importantly deliver it to the people who need it the most, if we plan to succeed by 2030. Conclusion: Hepatitis claims the lives of millions of people globally each year.With prevention, treatment, diagnostics, and vaccination hepatitis elimination is attainable. Greater investment in eliminating hepatitis will generate higher long-term returns. We have the tools, treatments, and strategies to combat this infectious disease. We need the support of various sectors to execute the plan, proper implementation of the idea, training, and awareness to the public domain. With leadership, resources, and multi-stakeholder collaboration, elimination of viral hepatitis is achievable.

3.
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development ; 12(4):299-303, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1326532

ABSTRACT

Background: Poornima University, in collaboration with Jodhpur School of Public Health, hosted an insightful and interactive live global webinar on the topic of “Digitally Transforming the Future of Global Public Health” on July 20, 2020. Findings: This report gives a brief awareness on the global public health transformation to digital platforms and understand the technical uses of artificial intelligence (AI). During COVID-19, use of Telemedicine has increased, as a tool that reaches patient’s home. In the current situation, where social distancing and quarantine have been adopted as effective method to reduce the spread of COVID, telemedicine and virtual software platforms gained more importance to provide health service. Conclusion: The findings show that telemedicine and virtual software will minimize emergency department visits, protect healthcare resources and reduce the spread of COVID-19 by remotely treating patients during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. Telemedicine has continued to increase in uptake and shows tremendous promise in expanding access to health care, promoting patient disease management, and facilitating in-between health care visit monitoring. Although the future is bright, more research is needed to determine optimal ways to integrate telemedicine, especially remote monitoringinto routine clinical care.

4.
Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion ; 36(1 SUPPL):S186, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1092840

ABSTRACT

Aims & Objectives: The 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) or the severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV- 2), originated in Wuhan City of Hubei Province of China. In India, first confirmed case of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) was reported on January 30, 2020 and since then the virus has spread across the country. More than 7.9 million cases of COVID-19 and more than 1.19 lakh deaths have been reported in India. The pathobiology of the disease is poorly known, and significant efforts have been made to understand the disease process worldwide. Clinical autopsies are known to have a vital role in developing an understanding of the disease process. The aim of the present study was to evaluate bone marrow findings of COVID-19 by minimally invasive autopsies. Patients/Materials & Methods: This prospective study was conducted at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur. After obtaining approval from Institute's ethics committee and consent from next of kins, minimally invasive autopsies were conducted within an hour after the death. Procedures were done with all biosafety measures. The tissue specimens were kept in neutral buffered formalin for 48 h and then processed with standard biosafety measures. Electronic medical records were reviewed retrospectively and patients' clinical details and results of laboratory investigations were noted. Results: In this prospective study, bone marrow biopsy procedures were done in 37 COVID-19 minimally invasive autopsies. Mean age of these cases was 61.8 years (Range, 28-85 years) and male: female ratio was 2.36. Comorbidities were observed in 25(67.5%) of all cases. Histopathological analysis revealed hypercellular, normocellular and hypocellular marrow in 5, 25 and 5 cases respectively (two biopsies were inadequate). There was marked interstitial prominence of histiocytes in 24(68.5%) cases. Out of these, evidence of haemophagocytosis (Figure 1) was observed in 14(40%) cases, marked increase of haemosiderin laden macrophages in 20(57.1%) cases. There was prominence of plasma cells in 28 (80%) cases. Discussion & Conclusion: Incorporation of minimally invasive autopsies provides an effective method to study the pathological findings in COVID-19 deaths in resource constrained settings. Histopathological findings in bone marrow suggest indirect insult to bone marrow, presumably related to circulatory and/or hyperinflammatory response to viral infections.

5.
Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion ; 36(1 SUPPL):S213, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1092801

ABSTRACT

Aims & Objectives: To study coagulation parameters and its effect on outcome in patients with COVID-19. Patients/Materials & Methods: : It was an observational crosssectional study conducted in single tertiary hospital. The study was conducted on samples from 230 patients. All the patients were positive for SARS-CoV-2 by RT-PCR. Patients were categorized as asymptomatic, mild, moderate, or severe according to the guidelines published by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), Government of India and World Health Organisation. Following parameters were analysed for these patients- Prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), D-dimer, fibrinogen, factor-VIII, protein-C (PC), protein-S (PS) and antithrombin. Results: Our study conducted on 230 adults showed that there is increase in coagulation abnormalities with increase in severity of COVID-19. There is increase in pro-coagulant and anticoagulant activity with increase in severity of disease. 230 patients included 132 (57.4%) males and had mean age 51.82 ± 16.6 years. In this cohort, 61.3% of patients were either asymptomatic (34.3%) or had mild disease (27%), whereas 20% and 18.7% patients had moderate or severe disease, respectively. 12 (5.2%) and 26 (11.3%) patients had prolongation of PT and APTT, respectively. D-dimer levels increased with increasing disease severity and were significantly higher in nonsurvivors when compared to survivors (6.32 ± 7.62 vs 1.69 ± 3.8 lg/mL;p<0.0001). Mean levels of fibrinogen, PC, PS and antithrombin levels though remained in normal range but increased from asymptomatic to moderate disease. However, factor VIII showed significant increase in all stages. Discussion & Conclusion: Number of patients with abnormal procoagulant and anticoagulant parameters increased with increasing severity but didn't differ among survivor and non-survivors except PS. This study reveals age, D-dimer, APTT, fibrinogen and Factor VIII levels were significantly higher in patients with moderate and severe disease as compared to asymptomatic and mild disease.

6.
Impact Papers at 15th European Conference on Technology-Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL-Impact 2020 ; 2676, 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-891129

ABSTRACT

Computational thinking courses are no longer exclusive to engineering and computer science students in higher education but have become a requirement in other fields, as well as for students in secondary, primary, and even early childhood education. Computational notebooks, such as Jupyter, are popular solutions to develop the programming skills typically introduced in these courses. However, these solutions often require technical infrastructure and lack support for rich educational experiences that integrate discussion, active feedback, and learning analytics. In this paper, we introduce a web application designed to address these challenges. We present blended learning scenarios supported by this application and evaluate them in an eight-week computational thinking course comprising 67 students pursuing a Bachelor in Business and Economics. We include in our results the impact of the disruption caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, which forced a move from blended to online distance learning for the second half of our evaluation. © 2020 for this paper by its authors. Use permitted under Creative Commons License Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0).

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