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1.
Farmatsiya i Farmakologiya ; 10(6):573-588, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2251079

ABSTRACT

Currently, there are data that that make it possible to speak about a high clinical efficacy of the use of succinic salt of tyrosylD-alanyl-glycyl-phenylalanyl-leucyl-arginine (hexapeptide succinate) for the COVID-19 treatment. This article is devoted to the results of clinical trials of the original Russian drug based on it. The aim of the study was to evaluate a clinical efficacy, safety and tolerability of intramuscular and inhalation use of hexapeptide succinate in complex therapy in comparison with standard therapy in patients with moderate COVID-19. Materials and methods. The research was conducted from February 28, 2022 to November 22, 2022 based on 10 research centers in the Russian Federation. The study included hospitalized patients (n=312) over 18 years of age with moderate COVID-19 who had undergone a screening procedure and were randomized into 3 groups: group 1 received standard therapy in accordance with the Interim Guidelines in force at the time of the study, within 10 days;group 2 received hexapeptide succinate (Ambervin Pulmo) intramuscularly at the dose of 1 mg once a day for 10 days;group 3 received hexapeptide succinate (Ambervin Pulmo) 10 mg once a day by inhalation for 10 days. Results. According to the results of the study, therapy with the drug hexapeptide succinate, both intramuscular and inhaled, provided an acceleration of recovery up to the complete absence of the disease signs in more than 80% of hospitalized COVID-19 patients. By the end of the therapy course with the drug, more than 60% of patients had met the criteria for discharge from hospital and could continue the treatment on an outpatient basis. About 70% of patients in the inhalation group and 80% in the intramuscular hexapeptide succinate injection group had concomitant diseases (hypertension - 28%, obesity - 14%), which indicates the effectiveness of this drug use in comorbid patients. The use of the drug contributed to the restoration of damaged lung tissues, normalization of oxygenation, the disappearance of shortness of breath and a decrease in the duration of the disease symptoms compared with standard therapy. As a result of a comparative analysis of adverse events in terms of their presence, severity, causal relationship with the therapy and outcome, there were no statistically significant differences between the treatment groups. Conclusion. Thus, the results of the clinical study of the succinate hexapeptide efficacy and safety showed the feasibility of using the drug in pathogenetic therapy COVID-19 regimens.Copyright © 2022 Volgograd State Medical University, Pyatigorsk Medical and Pharmaceutical Institute. All rights reserved.

2.
Farmatsiya i Farmakologiya ; 10(1):113-126, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1887390

ABSTRACT

Research in the development of new therapeutic agents with a wide spectrum of the antiviral activity and a low ability to develop resistance remains the main dimension in combating the global threat to public health. The need for a parenteral form of favipiravir was dictated by the necessity to increase the efficacy of therapy in COVID-19 inpatients. This dosage form has expanded the possibilities of drug therapy in the inpatients, for whom a therapeutic effect acceleration and a high safety profile of the drugs used are especially important. The aim of the article is the evaluation of the efficacy and safety of a medicinal product containing favipiravir for the parenteral administration against the background of pathogenetic and symptomatic therapy, in comparison with standard therapy in hospitalized COVID-19 patients. Materials and methods. An open, randomized, multicenter comparative study was conducted in 6 research centers in the Russian Federation to evaluate the efficacy and safety of favipiravir, a lyophilisate for the preparation of a concentrate for the infusion solution administrated to the patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Screening procedures and randomization were completed in 217 patients, 209 of which had completed the study in accordance with the protocol. Results. Between the study groups, statistically significant differences have been found out, making it possible to consider the hypothesis of the drug Areplivir (favipiravir) superiority for the parenteral administration over the standard therapy, which included favipiravir (p. o.) and remdesivir. A comparative analysis has shown that a course of therapy with the parenteral favipiravir drug leads to a significant improvement in the condition of patients with COVID-19, significant benefits in terms of the speed and frequency of improvement in the clinical status of patients, as well as a reduction in the hospital stay length. It has been proven that therapy with a drug containing favipiravir for the parenteral administration does not adversely affect the parameters of clinical and biochemical blood tests, urinalysis, coagulograms, vital signs and ECG, which indicates the therapy safety. The study drug is characterized by a high safety profile and tolerability. Conclusion. The versatility and resistance to mutations of RNA-dependent RNA polymerase make it possible to consider it as the main target for combating the most common RNA viruses that cause ARVI, that determines the need further studies of favipiravir to expand the range of its indications.

3.
Farmatsiya i Farmakologiya ; 8(4):222-232, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1209012

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study is to assess the efficacy and safety of the Favipiravir (Areplivir) drug, compared to the standard etiotropic therapy in the patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Material and methods. The research was conducted as a part of an open, randomized, multicenter comparative study of the efficacy and safety of Areplivir, 200 mg film-coated tablets ("PROMOMED RUS" LLC, Russia), in the patients hospitalized with COVID-19. The dosing regimen of Favipiravir was 1600 mg twice a day on the 1st day and 600 mg twice a day on days 2 14. Thirty nine patients were enrolled into the study with a laboratory-established diagnosis of a new type of Coronavirus infection caused by SARS-CoV-2 (confirmed) of moderate severity, with pneumonia. The group of comparison (22 patients) received standard etiotropic therapy, prescribed in accordance with the current version of the temporary guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19, represented mainly by Hydroxychloroquine with the dosage regimen of 800 mg on the 1st day, then 400 mg on days 2-7, and Azithromycin 500 mg once a day for 5 days. The main group (17 patients) received Favipiravir (Areplivir) as etiotropic therapy. Results. In the main group, the time period until fever disappeared was found to be 1.36 days shorter than in the group of comparison (p0.05);there was a higher rate of the reduction of inflammatory changes in the lungs according to the computer tomography data (38.4% vs 14.9%, p0.05). By the end of the treatment, there was also a lower lactate level in the blood (27.1%, p0.05) than in the patients of the group of comparison. The evaluation of the drug efficacy according to the Categorical Ordinal Scale of Clinical Improvement and measurements of oxygen saturation in the blood, manifested similar positive dynamics in the patients treated according to various etiotropic therapy regimens. By the end of the treatment, the RNA SARS-CoV-2 tests were also negative in all the patients. As for the overall frequency of adverse events (AEs), no relevant distinctions were found between the groups. A greater part of AEs was related to hepatotoxicity, with a predominantly clinically relevant increase in alanine aminotransferase (ALT). A clinically relevant prolongation of the corrected QT interval on the standard ECG was found to occur in the standard-Therapy group on day 5, while no serious AEs were registered in the main group. No serious adverse reactions were registered in patients of the main group. Conclusion. The efficacy of the Favipiravir (Areplivir) therapy for the novel coronavirus infection has proved to be superior to the efficacy of the standard etiotropic therapy in a number of aspects. Basing on the obtained findings, Favipiravir (Areplivir) drug can be recommended for treating patients with the novel coronavirus infection of moderate severity. © 2021 Volgograd State Medical University, Pyatigorsk Medical and Pharmaceutical Institute. All rights reserved.

4.
Pharmacy & Pharmacology-Farmatsiya I Farmakologiya ; 8(3):150-159, 2020.
Article in Russian | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1038797

ABSTRACT

The aim of the study is to assess the efficacy and safety of the Favipiravir (Areplivir) drug, compared to the standard etiotropic therapy in the patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Material and methods. The research was conducted as a part of an open, randomized, multicenter comparative study of the efficacy and safety of Areplivir, 200 mg film-coated tablets ("PROMOMED RUS" LLC, Russia), in the patients hospitalized with COVID-19. The dosing regimen of Favipiravir was 1600 mg twice a day on the 1st day and 600 mg twice a day on days 2-14. Thirty nine patients were enrolled into the study with a laboratory-established diagnosis of a new type of Coronavirus infection caused by SARS-CoV-2 (confirmed) of moderate severity, with pneumonia. The group of comparison (22 patients) received standard etiotropic therapy, prescribed in accordance with the current version of the temporary guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19, represented mainly by Hydroxychloroquine with the dosage regimen of 800 mg on the 1st day, then 400 mg on days 2-14, and Azithromycin 500 mg once a day for 5 days. The main group (17 patients) received Favipiravir (Areplivir) as etiotropic therapy. Results. In the main group, the time period until fever disappeared was found to be 1.36 days shorter than in the group of comparison (p<0.05);there was a higher rate of the reduction of inflammatory changes in the lungs according to the computer tomography data (38.4% vs 14.9%, p<0.05). By the end of the treatment, there was also a lower lactate level in the blood (27.1%, p<0.05) than in the patients of the group of comparison. The evaluation of the drug efficacy according to the Categorical Ordinal Scale of Clinical Improvement and measurements of oxygen saturation in the blood, manifested similar positive dynamics in the patients treated according to various etiotropic therapy regimens. By the end of the treatment, the RNA SARS-CoV-2 tests were also negative in all the patients. As for the overall frequency of adverse events (AEs), no relevant distinctions were found between the groups. A greater part of AEs was related to hepatotoxicity, with a predominantly clinically relevant increase in alanine aminotransferase (ALT). A clinically relevant prolongation of the corrected QT interval on the standard ECG was found to occur in the standard-therapy group on day 5, while no serious AEs were registered in the main group. No serious adverse reactions were registered in patients of the main group. Conclusion. The efficacy of the Favipiravir (Areplivir) therapy for the novel coronavirus infection has proved to be superior to the efficacy of the standard etiotropic therapy in a number of aspects. Basing on the obtained findings, Favipiravir (Areplivir) drug can be recommended for treating patients with the novel coronavirus infection of moderate severity.

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