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1.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology ; 33:311, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2126016

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients on hemodialysis are at high-risk for complications derived from coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). The present study aims to evaluate the impact of a booster vaccine dose and breakthrough SARS-CoV-2 infections on humoral immunity three months after the booster dose. Method(s): This is a multicentric and prospective study assessing anti-Spike antibodies 6 and 9 months after initial SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in patients on hemodialysis that had also received a booster dose before the 6-month assessment (early booster) or between the 6-and 9-month assessments (late booster). The impact of breakthrough infections, type of vaccine, time from the booster and clinical variables were assessed. Result(s): 711 patients (67% male, 67 [20-89] years) were included. Of them, 545 (77%) patients had received an early booster and 166 (23%) a late booster. At 6 months, 64 (9%) patients had negative humoral response (3% of early booster and 29% of late booster participants, p=0.001) and 58 (91%) of them had seroconverted at 9 months, when, 5/545 (0.9%) patients in the early booster cohort and 1/166 (0.6%) in the late booster cohort remained antibody negative (p=NS). During follow-up, 35 patients (5%) developed COVID-19. Antibody titers at 9 months were independently associated to lower time from booster (B -0.12, p=0.043), COVID-19 (B 2.29, p<0.001) and mRNA-1273 booster (B 1.17, p=0.001). Conclusion(s): In hemodialysis patients, higher rates of anti-Spike antibody development were associated to mRNA-1273 booster, lower time from booster and breakthrough SARS-CoV-2 infection.

2.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ; 37(SUPPL 3):i775-i776, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1915813

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There is incomplete information on the impact of a third dose of the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine in advance chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of the present analysis was to evaluate the kinetics of humoral response in the CKD spectrum (KT, HD, PD and ND-CKD) 6 months after completing the initial vaccine schedule. Some patients of each group received a third dose before 6 months, providing a pragmatic insight into real-world responses to different vaccine schedules in patients with advanced CKD not on dialysis, on dialysis or in KT recipients. METHOD: The SENCOVAC study describes the humoral response and safety of different SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in a real-world setting in 3687 CKD patients: 787 kidney transplant (KT), 319 peritoneal dialysis (PD), 2297 haemodialysis (HD) and 284 non-dialysis-CKD (ND-CKD) patients. Anti-Spike antibodies were assessed in an efficacy analysis at 28 days (n = 1755), 3 months (n = 1386), and 6 months (n = 1018, of whom 628 had received a third vaccine dose). Adverse events (AEs) were registered during follow-up, including SARS-CoV-2 infections in the safety analysis. RESULTS: Among the patients included in the efficacy analysis, KT recipients presented lower anti-Spike antibody titers than other CKD cohorts at 28 days and 3 months (P < .001 for all). A total of 943 patients [249 (26%) KT, 108 (11%) PD, 511 (54%) HD and 75 (8%) ND-CKD] had negative baseline anti-Spike antibodies. Again, at 28 days or 3 months, KT recipients developed lower anti-Spike antibody titers than PD (P < .001), HD (P < .001) and ND-CKD (P< .001) patients. At 6 months, patients that had received a third vaccine dose had higher anti-Spike antibody titers than those without the third dose [1837 (507-9726) UI/mL versus 80 (19-409) ml/UI;P < .001] and this was evident in all CKD cohorts. Anti-Spike titers after the third dose were higher in patients boosted with mRNA-1273 than with BNT162b2 [1710 (322-9615) versus 472 (34-2094);P < .001). At 6 months, in patients that had received a third dose, a positive humoral response (anti-Spike antibodies > 36 UI/mL) was achieved in 584 (93%): 94 (80%) of 118 KT recipients, 20 (100%) of 20 patients on PD, 436 (96%) of 455 patients on HD and 34 (97%) of 35 patients with ND-CKD (Fig. 1). Among patients without humoral response 3 months after completing the initial vaccination schedule, 72 (69%) seroconverted after the third dose (62% KT, 76% HD, 100% NDCKD, all PD patients had a positive humoral response at 3 months). Independent predictors of a positive humoral response at 6 months were not-KT (HR for KT 0.26, P = .011), third dose (HR 22.9, P < .001), initial mRNA-1273 (HT 1.78, P = .017) and humoral response at 3 months (HR 26.2, P < .001). Breakthrough SARS-CoV-2 infections occurred in 1.1% of patients, and mortality was 14.6%, none after the third dose. CONCLUSION: In the CKD spectrum, anti-Spike antibody titers continued to decrease from 3 to 6 months after complete vaccination, and KT recipients presented higher rates of negative humoral response at 6 months. A third dose of mRNA vaccine increased anti-Spike antibody titers but was still insufficient to spur a humoral immune response in at least 38% of KT recipients and 24% of patients on HD that lacked anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies 3 months post-initial vaccination. New strategies are urgently needed to protect CKD patients that remain negative for anti-SARS-CoV- 2 antibodies, given the high mortality of breakthrough SARS-CoV-2 infections. (Figure Presented).

3.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ; 36:1, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1539505
4.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ; 36(SUPPL 1):i384, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1402499

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The impact of the newly discovered severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causing coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) in hemodialysis patients remains poorly characterized. Some hemodialysis techniques reduce systemic inflammation but their impact on COVID-19 has not been addressed. The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate factors associated to mortality in COVID-19 hemodialysis patients, including the impact of reducing interleukin-6 using a cytokine adsorbent filter. METHOD: This is a prospective single-center study including 16 hemodialysis patients with COVID-19. All were dialyzed using a polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) filter. Interleukin-6 levels were obtained before and after the first admission hemodialysis session and at one week. Also we collected serum samples from 8 patients of our unit as controls: 4 in online hemodiafiltration (OLHDF) and 4 in high-flux hemodialysis Baseline comorbidities, laboratory values, chest X-ray and treatments were recorded and compared between survivors and non-survivors. RESULTS: Sixteen patients were included (13 males, mean age 72±15 years). Four patients (25%) died. Factors associated to mortality were dialysis vintage (p=0.01), the presence of infiltrates in chest X-ray (p=0.032), serum C-reactive protein (p=0.05) and lactate dehydrogenase (p=0.02) at one week, the requirement of oxygen therapy (p=0.02) and the use of anticoagulation (p<0.01). At admission, post-dialysis interleukin-6 levels were higher (p<0.01) in non-survivors and these patients differed from survivors in the reduction of interleukin-6 levels during the dialysis session despite using a PMMA filter (survivors vs non survivors (25 [17-53]% vs -3 [-109-12] %, p=0.04). CONCLUSION: In hemodialysis COVID-19 patients, a positive balance of interleukin-6 during the session was associated to higher mortality.

5.
J Healthc Qual Res ; 36(6): 363-369, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1305267

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Four vaccines against Covid-19 have been approved to date. Their acceptance and safety have not been addressed on healthcare workers. The aim of the present study is to evaluate vaccination rates and side effects among Spanish nephrologists. METHODS: All the Spanish nephrologists were invited to participate in this survey. Data on demographics, Covid-19 infection status, received vaccine doses and side effects were collected. Acceptance and side effects were analyzed for Covid-19 vaccination. Factors associated to vaccination were assessed and a multivariate adjusted model was constructed to determine independent predictors for Covid-19 vaccine side effects. RESULTS: A total of 708 nephrologists answered the survey (460 [65%] women, mean age 44±11 years). Six-hundred and eight (86%) had received the first dose and 513 (72%) were fully vaccinated. Most of the subjects (565, 93%) received BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech®) vaccine. Among vaccinated nephrologists, 453 (75%) presented any side effect; the most frequent was local reaction (68%), followed by myalgia (44%), tiredness (39%) and headache (34%). Age (OR 0.97, 95%CI [0.95-0.99], p<0.0001) and prior Covid-19 infection (OR 2.37, 95%CI [1.27-4.42], p=0.007) were independent predictors for developing side effects with Covid-19 vaccine. Overall side effects were similar with both vaccines, being myalgia (p=0.006) and tiredness (p=0.032) more frequent with the Pfizer-BioNTech® one. CONCLUSION: Age and prior Covid-19 infection were predictors of vaccination side effects among Spanish nephrologists.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Nephrologists , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccination/adverse effects
6.
Nefrologia ; 01:01, 2021.
Article in English, Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1065497

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has spread worldwide over the last year causing more than one million deaths. Several treatments have tried to modify the natural history of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) but only corticosteroids have demonstrated to be effective in moderate or severe affectation. In that situation, the development of vaccines for preventing the SARS-CoV-2 infection has focused the attention of the scientific community. At present, available messenger RNA-based technology vaccines have received the approval of local and international sanitary authorities. In this position statement, the Spanish Society of Nephrology wants to state that patients with chronic kidney disease and healthcare workers are at high-risk for contagion and complications of COVID-19 so they must have priority in the vaccine administration.

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