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1.
2nd IEEE International Conference on Mobile Networks and Wireless Communications, ICMNWC 2022 ; 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2280512

ABSTRACT

The needs on online-based activities are increasing tremendously as the worldwide is currently in COVID-19 pandemic situation and most people are being bounded to stay at home. Society is forced to learn and adapt with this new normal in all aspects of life from running businesses, conducting online classes and meetings, buying stuffs and communicating with families and friends. This causes high dependency on web applications. The idea of proposing 'Smuggy' prototype has emerged to provide relevant skillsets for web penetration testers specifically and web developers in general. In order to realize the idea, a survey was conducted to gauge for public awareness on website vulnerability as the first part of this research. The scope of survey is on public concerns when browsing reputable websites vs. unfamiliar new ones, which further down to know the reasons why the respondents feel as such. Another part of the survey was to find out the respondents' knowledge on related events of compromised websites and their encounter in discovering web vulnerabilities. With these data as research basis, 'Smuggy' prototype is designed with a focus to educate users about the OWASP top 10 web vulnerabilities so that the vulnerabilities found in today's web applications can be minimized. © 2022 IEEE.

2.
Digital Transformation in Aviation, Tourism and Hospitality in Southeast Asia ; : 219-226, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2202439

ABSTRACT

Over the past 45 years, the aviation, travel, and tourism industry has significantly evolved and developed equivalently in every region of the world map. The application of technology in the aviation and tourism industry and improved service innovation have made the industry grow, making it easier for travellers to enjoy their destination. The aim of this research is to explore the dynamics of aviation and the tourism events sector. Passenger data as published by the World Bank presents a sharp growth in each of the major markets. Increased numbers of people are flying both within and outside of a particular region. It is clear that travellers are also travelling to attend specific events. Recently, the pandemic has hit many industries hard, including the tourism sector. Travel and tourism activity in the current pandemic era and in the future is no longer the same as before the COVID-19 era. It is important to note that the central idea to attract more tourists to visit certain countries depends on how good their infrastructure and technology application is which may help to improve boosting tourism activities in the future. This chapter aims, firstly, to discuss the importance of technology in the aviation industry and tourism sector, focusing on tourism event activities;secondly to highlight the future technology applications for tourism events;and thirdly to explore the future research areas in technology and tourism events. This chapter closes by providing some recommendations on the research area and method for scholars to focus on. © 2023 selection and editorial matter, Azizul Hassan and Nor Aida Abdul Rahman;individual chapters, the contributors.

3.
Digital Transformation in Aviation, Tourism and Hospitality in Southeast Asia ; : 211-218, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2202438

ABSTRACT

Despite much focus being placed on safety study across various industries, the application or the implementation of safety management systems (SMS) within the aviation sector and tourism sector for the safety of travellers is mostly ignored. It is surprising, given the wide field of technology study, that there are not many studies examining safety issues and connecting them with technology applications for the safety of travellers. The aim of this research is to fill the gap by explaining the correlational relationship between safety and technology in the context of aviation and tourism. This chapter extends the discussion on safety in the context of aviation and tourism by highlighting the importance of ensuring safety for travellers throughout their tourism activity or journey from one destination to another destination. This study opts to highlight the role of technology to ensure the safety of travellers in air travel and tourism activities. © 2023 selection and editorial matter, Azizul Hassan and Nor Aida Abdul Rahman;individual chapters, the contributors.

4.
Digital Transformation in Aviation, Tourism and Hospitality in Southeast Asia ; : 1-251, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2202433

ABSTRACT

Technological advances and the drive to digitalize business processes in aviation, tourism, and hospitality have forced the industries to go along with the digital movement. The results are often mixed. This book brings together contributions from leading scholars in the field and explores the digital transformation in these industries in Southeast Asia. The book looks at the impact of digital transformation on the region and the issues and challenges brought about by this transformation. It also addresses trends in the industries from blockchain technology, AI, biometric and mobile technology applications to in-flight catering. It examines the impact of COVID-19 on the industries and how the pandemic has led to businesses adopting new business models. Through the case studies of digital adoptions in the region, readers will gain insights on how the countries have leveraged new technologies and the implementation processes to drive digital transformation. The book aims to help scholars and policy makers understand the digital advances in the industries to better formulate responses in research and policy making and deliver effective digital transformation. © 2023 selection and editorial matter, Azizul Hassan and Nor Aida Abdul Rahman;individual chapters, the contributors.

5.
Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science ; 12(10):161-171, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2090813

ABSTRACT

Various measures were introduced globally to prevent the spread of COVID-19, including travel restrictions, social distancing, and closure of educational establishments. Implementing these measures resulted in appreciable changes to health professions’ education (HPE) with concerns regarding the level of preparedness among faculty members and students towards e-learning, including laboratory, clinical, and other forms of hands-on training. In addition, the affordability of devices and Internet bundles arose, especially among students in low and middle-income countries. A pilot qualitative study was conducted in Malaysia to ascertain critical challenges and how higher learning establishments addressed them. The study was undertaken among 10 purposely selected educators in both public and private universities in Malaysia using an established questionnaire to ascertain critical challenges and responses. The main issues included unfamiliarity with e-learning approaches and inadequate availability of devices and Internet bundles among students. Furthermore, the study revealed a lack of interaction between faculty members and students, concerns with conducting practicals and clinical examinations, and mental distress among faculty members. Measures introduced to address concerns included supporting digital needs through the provision of software, devices, and Internet bundles, enhanced training of educators in e-learning approaches, providing clinical case banks and curated patient data, and establishing clear policies and procedures for classroom and clinical teaching. Psychological support, including stress management, was also provided. The challenges and lessons learned in Malaysia regarding HPE during the pandemic were similar to other countries with hybrid learning here to stay. © 2022 Ambigga Krishnapillai et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

6.
Halal Logistics and Supply Chain Management: Recent Trends and Issues ; : 230-235, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2090650

ABSTRACT

The global COVID-19 pandemic has created many challenges and paralysed many industries worldwide. COVID-19 has created critical stress on local and global economies, as well as creating supply chain disruption to almost every sector. Among the sectors affected are food producers, pharmaceuticals, transportation industry, logistics organization, travel and tourism, hotel providers, automotive, oil and gas, and many more. The Halal industry is also identified as an industry affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. This chapter aims to explore key effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Halal economy, specifically focusing on the impact of the pandemic to the Halal industry in general, and to Halal logistics and supply chain as a main discussion. This study aims to explore how the Halal industry was affected from logistics and supply chain perspectives. This study is important to gain rich understanding on how this COVID-19 pandemic affected the Halal industry worldwide and locally. This study is among the pioneers that seeks ways to improve on the Halal supply chain and logistics context due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This study is based on generic review and content analysis on the published documents in the area of Halal supply chain and COVID-19 impacts. A number of research suggestions for future scholars are also provided. © 2022 selection and editorial matter, Nor Aida Abdul Rahman, Azizul Hassan and Hajjah Zawiah Abdul Majid;individual chapters, the contributors.

7.
International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management ; : 28, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1853363

ABSTRACT

Purpose The supply chain (SC) encompasses all actions related to meeting customer requests and transferring materials upstream to meet those demands. Organisations must operate towards increasing SC efficiency and effectiveness to meet SC objectives. Although most businesses expected the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic to severely negatively impact their SCs, they did not know how to model disruptions or their effects on performance in the event of a pandemic, leading to delayed responses, an incomplete understanding of the pandemic's effects and late deployment of recovery measures. Therefore, this study aims to consider the impact of implementing Bayesian network (BN) modelling to measure SC performance in the airline catering context. Design/methodology/approach This study presents a method for modelling and quantifying SC performance assessment for airline catering. In the COVID-19 context, the researchers proposed a BN model to measure SC performance and risk events and quantify the consequences of pandemic disruptions. Findings The study simulates and measures the impact of different triggers on SC performance and business continuity using forward and backward propagation analysis, among other BN features, enabling us to combine various SC perspectives and explicitly account for pandemic scenarios. Originality/value This study's findings offer a fresh theoretical perspective on the use of BNs in pandemic SC disruption modelling. The findings can be used as a decision-making tool to predict and better understand how pandemics affect SC performance.

8.
14th International Conference on Developments in eSystems Engineering, DeSE 2021 ; 2021-December:92-96, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1769567

ABSTRACT

Industries all around the world seek realistic predictions for new threats that might appear in new future that will affect their business and the security of their data. Year 2020 was full of uncertainty due the Covid19 pandemic, entire world had to change the way they do business by shifting to the digital world. The new working methods introduced new threats which will persist, and potential continue to grow in coming few years. Cyber security predictions address challenges and threats caused by the pandemic such as the huge increase of ransomware attacks in the coming year. Almost every organization changed their option to access work and used new software that will allow them to operate from home. Education sector for example uses virtual classes, healthcare sector use web to deliver and communicate with patients and so on. The more individuals and business rely on technology, the more it becomes part of their lives and cannot be replaced. Cyber criminals realized this fact and increased the demand for higher ransom. The goal of this paper is to study the trend and the influence of Ransomware as a service in today era. This paper is proposed steps to reduce the impact of Ransomware attack to individuals and organizations. The discussion on how ransomware as a service work, statistic of ransomware cases, methods of improving operational security of the organizations and technical countermeasures that should be taken by organization and also individuals are included in this research paper. © 2021 IEEE.

9.
2nd International Conference on Technology, Engineering and Sciences, ICTES 2021 ; 2401, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1521945

ABSTRACT

Coronaviruses are a large group of viruses and different strains can cause different illnesses ranging from common cold to more severe diseases such as the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) or the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). Coronaviruses can be transmitted between people and animals, e.g. SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV originally spread from camels to humans. There are other strains of coronaviruses amongst animals but have not infected humans so far. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) is caused by infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) which is a new strain of coronaviruses that has not been previously seen in humans and has been spreading since December, 2019. SARS-CoV-2 is different from other strains including SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. SARS-CoV-2 is less fatal but more transmissible than SARS-CoV or MERS-CoV. As of November 5, 2020, the worldwide count is more than 47.9 million confirmed cases and more than 1.2 million confirmed deaths [1]. COVID-19 symptoms are similar to flu and common cold but may become severe leading to more complications in people with chronic health conditions and in older people [2]. According to the Office for National Statistics (ONS), 9 in 10 people dying of the disease in England and Wales, have pre-existing illness [3]. However, having underlying health conditions is not the whole story since people from Ethnic Minorities have been hit hardest by COVID-19 compared with the White population [4]. According to the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), hospital death rate per capita to the population average amongst Ethnic Minorities, for Pakistanis is 2.9 times and Black African deaths is 3.7 times higher than those of the White Ethnic group [5]. In this study, we have discussed how Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) communities are genetically different from the native inhabitants of Britain and hence why BAME groups are affected more by the virus and being closely related to the human population origins and migrations. This work represents our view and understanding of the current situation and it has emphasised on population genetic analysis, that is vital to understand and control the novel coronavirus. Some important prevention strategies have also been recommended in this work including path to improved health and natural ways to boost body's immune system. © 2021 Author(s).

10.
How To Prepare For The Next Pandemic: Behavioural Sciences Insights For Practitioners And Policymakers ; : 221-230, 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1307973

ABSTRACT

The following sections are included: Introduction Why Some People do not Comply Increasing Engagement Success Acknowledgement References. © 2021 by Editors.

11.
How To Prepare For The Next Pandemic: Behavioural Sciences Insights For Practitioners And Policymakers ; : 55-66, 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1307967

ABSTRACT

The following sections are included: Introduction How has COVID-19 Exacerbated Xenophobia? Symbolic Threats What Can We Do to Mitigate the Effects? Acknowledgement References. © 2021 by Editors.

12.
International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology ; 29(6 Special Issue):1829-1836, 2020.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-830276

ABSTRACT

Following the current outbreak of the novel pandemic COVID-19 or known as Coronavirus which started in Wuhan, China in December 2019, the virus has rapidly spreads to almost 120 countries around the world. COVID-19 outbreak is having a gigantic impact to the aviation players. The aviation and tourism industry worldwide are experiencing gloomy downturn of business. As reported by International Air Transport Association (IATA), the global revenue of airlines industry is estimated to reduce by around USD113 billion. For every 100 cases of COVID-19, it will lead to drop on passenger demand which cost universal airlines nearly USD113 billion. Apart from it, COVID-19 also hit shipping and air freight industry. The air freight business is dropped tremendously due to COVID-19 as a result from the cancellation of thousands of passenger flights from all countries across the globe, especially China. The cancellation of flights again results to lessening of belly capacity for cargo. With this background, this study aims to explore the impact of COVID-19 to the aviation players. This exploratory study opts for abductive research approach. Published secondary data were used to get key information about COVID-19 and its impact to the global aviation players. The analysis of the key challenges and the outcome are based on content analysis performed in this study. This study specifically explores key impact of COVID-19 to the wide spectrum aviation players namely the airlines, airport authority, the air cargo provider, in-flight food caterer, aircraft or spare parts manufacturers, as well as the MROs (maintenance, repair and overhaul organization). This study is among the pioneer that investigate COVID-19 in the aviation sector. The findings from this study would lead to big areas of research for future scholars. This study also offers a toolkit reference to the aviation practitioners, as well as policy makers to further improve the policy or guideline relating to epidemic or pandemic issue in transportation industry. © 2020 SERSC.

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