Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 15 de 15
Filter
1.
5th International Conference on Informatics and Computational Sciences (ICICoS) ; 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1816447

ABSTRACT

Direct Village Fund Cash Assistance (BLT-Dana Desa) is a form of assistance from the government in the form of cash to poor families in villages sourced from the Village Fund to reduce the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. To facilitate village officials in determining aid recipients quickly, accurately and on target, the MAUT method was chosen which was deemed suitable for use in the Decision Support System (DSS) which had many criteria so that it could easily calculate each alternative based on the many types of criteria and sub-criteria used and with a predetermined weight. There are 148 data samples of BLT recipients registered in the Social Welfare Integrated Data (DTKS) of Loa Janan Ulu village. The criteria in this study are building floor Size, type of house floor, types of house walls, sanitary facilities, power source, source of drinking water, cooking fuel, consumption of chicken/meat/milk, clothing needs, consumption in a day, do not have savings max. 500.000 rupiah. Based on the results of calculations using the MAUT method, a recommendation for direct cash assistance recipients was obtained with an accuracy value of 92.57%.

2.
3rd International Conference on Electrical and Electronic Engineering, ICEEE 2021 ; : 145-148, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1788705

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease or COVID-19 is one of the most frightening and infectious diseases of the twenty-first century. Since the outbreak of COVID-19 in Wuhan, China, numerous researches are conducted in this sector. At the preliminary stage, there was not sufficient numeric data for research but when we consider the text data such as trending topics of Social Media or patients sharing experiences about their symptoms, we get enough data to ace the navigation of the Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). Keeping aside the health complications related to COVID-19, there also has been huge public panic following the pandemic. Sentiment analysis helps to learn the emotions of a vast number of people about any particular topic. In this paper, we have used sentiment analysis methods to observe the public reaction to the COVID-19 pandemic and people's experience of the ongoing vaccination process. Machine Learning-based (ML-based) classification algorithms are implemented for text classification. Finally, the accuracy of the classification models is also calculated for further prediction. © 2021 IEEE.

3.
3rd International Conference on Communication, Computing and Electronics Systems, ICCCES 2021 ; 844:735-747, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1782746

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 pandemic is a deadly impact on the health and well-being of the world population. A developing country like Bangladesh has limited medical resources, and sometimes many people cannot get proper treatment in time. A continued increasing number of people tested positive for COVID-19 has caused a lot of strain on the governing bodies across the country, and they face difficulties to handle this situation. The aim of this work is to analyze the symptoms and predict the chances to get infected with COVID-19 disease. Five different machine learning algorithms are utilized to predict COVID-19 based on symptoms. Random forest, support vector machine, logistic regression, Gaussian Naive Bayes, and K-nearest neighbor algorithms have been used. We compare the performance before and after applying principal component analysis. The performance of K-nearest neighbor found the more accurate result before and after applying principal component analysis. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.

4.
3rd International Conference on Cybernetics and Intelligent System (ICORIS) ; : 601-605, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1779127

ABSTRACT

Nowadays, the teaching-learning process was completely performed online due to COVID-19 existed. To support this process, a lecturer was typically used a kind of video meetings to present the teaching materials. The first type is the video-conferencing meeting in which students and lecturers can directly interact during activities. The next type is the video-recording meeting for which students view the teaching materials through a recorded video without any interactions with their lecturer. However, it is still unknown what types of video meetings are fit for online activities. Hence, this study aims to identify which video meeting types are suitable for online teaching-learning. The students (n=160) were asked to attend the online class and pay attention to the learning materials through each type of video meetings. We gained students attendance data from the lecture activities on the e-learning system. Following this, the students judged two video meeting types on how suitable they considered each type could be used for online teaching-learning. A 7-point rating scale was used to obtain the student judgments. In general, the student's attendance rate was better when the course materials were presented through the video-conferencing meeting as compared to those through the video-recording meeting. Furthermore, the video-conferencing meeting was also regarded as more appropriate to online teaching-learning than the video-recording meeting. Thus, the present results suggested that the video-conferencing meeting was a proper meeting type to present the course materials online and the lecturer can have an open dialogue in real-time.

5.
Clinical and Experimental Immunology ; : 12, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1740820

ABSTRACT

In March 2020, the United Kingdom Primary Immunodeficiency Network (UKPIN) established a registry of cases to collate the outcomes of individuals with PID and SID following SARS-CoV-2 infection and treatment. A total of 310 cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection in individuals with PID or SID have now been reported in the UK. The overall mortality within the cohort was 17.7% (n = 55/310). Individuals with CVID demonstrated an infection fatality rate (IFR) of 18.3% (n = 17/93), individuals with PID receiving IgRT had an IFR of 16.3% (n = 26/159) and individuals with SID, an IFR of 27.2% (n = 25/92). Individuals with PID and SID had higher inpatient mortality and died at a younger age than the general population. Increasing age, low pre-SARS-CoV-2 infection lymphocyte count and the presence of common co-morbidities increased the risk of mortality in PID. Access to specific COVID-19 treatments in this cohort was limited: only 22.9% (n = 33/144) of patients admitted to the hospital received dexamethasone, remdesivir, an anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody-based therapeutic (e.g. REGN-COV2 or convalescent plasma) or tocilizumab as a monotherapy or in combination. Dexamethasone, remdesivir, and anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody-based therapeutics appeared efficacious in PID and SID. Compared to the general population, individuals with PID or SID are at high risk of mortality following SARS-CoV-2 infection. Increasing age, low baseline lymphocyte count, and the presence of co-morbidities are additional risk factors for poor outcome in this cohort. Individuals with immunodeficiency are at increased risk of severe infection. This study looks at outcomes following SARS-CoV-2 infection in 310 patients with primary or secondary immunodeficiency in the United Kingdom and finds significantly elevated mortality in both cohorts compared to the general population. Increasing age, pre-existing lymphopenia and other co-morbidities are identified as additional risk factors for death from COVID-19 in this cohort.

6.
14th International Congress on Image and Signal Processing, BioMedical Engineering and Informatics, CISP-BMEI 2021 ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1672583

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of COVID-19 hit the world with an incomparable magnitude and introduced new challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of patients. Personal interactions have suddenly become dangerous which can be reduced by the use of digital technology in healthcare. Towards this, we have developed a low-cost remote vital sign monitoring system (VSM) that can be used at hospitals as well as at home for continuous and long-term monitoring of different clinical status, and provide extended support to the vulnerable patients. The proposed VSM has been designed with four layers: sensing layer, data processing layer, networking layer, and applications layer. It comes with three units: a wrist unit, a bedside monitor and a web-based graphical user interface (GUI) accessible by the nurse, physician or attendants remotely from anywhere. The effectiveness of measurement, transmission, and remote monitoring has been demonstrated by experiments. The system is designed with open source and low-cost hardware devices to ensure that it can be afforded and implemented in low resource settings of the developing countries. The proposed system can provide an effective way of delivering care to more patients while protecting everyone involved from infection. © 2021 IEEE.

7.
Canadian Psychology-Psychologie Canadienne ; : 10, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1612163

ABSTRACT

Public Significance Statement Rural mental health needs during the COVID-19 pandemic have not been widely discussed within the existing literature. Challenges and strengths specific to rural Canada are reviewed within the context of COVID-19 with recommendations for future directions provided to the reader. These recommendations are important for practitioners and policymakers to consider, as they provide future directions for policy development. Recommendations include ensuring mental health policies and practices implemented in rural and remote communities maintain a rural perspective. The Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has dramatically impacted Canadians' mental health, including those who live in rural areas. Rural psychologists have long faced unique challenges associated with practice related to accessibility, isolation, and technology. They also have extensive experience in practicing with flexibility, creativity, and complex ethical considerations such as competency (generalist vs. specialist, cultural competence vs. content competence). Therefore, they may have adapted relatively rapidly to the dramatic changes that came along with the pandemic and be well positioned to lead their urban colleagues and organizations as we move forward. Whereas new and pre-existing challenges have been exacerbated by the pandemic, strengths of rural psychologists (e.g., managing geographical isolation, familiarity with telehealth) have emerged. This article looks at the strengths embedded in rural psychology that facilitated service provision during the pandemic. It also reviews future directions to build upon within the rural Canadian context.

8.
Journal of Asia Business Studies ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1476001

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Supply chains’ (SCs’) sustainability practices and recovery strategies are attaining popularity in academia and industries to improve the resilience of the SCs and to manage large-scale disruptions. The global pandemic caused by the COVID-19 has raised the question of the sustainability of essential health-care products’ SCs of Bangladesh. It is an essential avenue for making the life of people safe and secure. Despite its importance, most of the health-care SCs in Bangladesh are struggling to meet the demand of its nation due to capacity shortage, technological backwardness of the manufacturers, delivery capacity shortages and less advanced forecasting capabilities. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the key performance indicators (KPIs) of a sustainable recovery strategy in the context of health-care SCs considering the COVID-19 pandemic. Design/methodology/approach: This study used a dynamic method named graph theory and matrix approach to evaluate the most critical KPIs of a sustainable recovery strategy in the context of Bangladeshi health-care SCs. Findings: The result revealed that dynamic forecasting and planning with a smooth delivery and distribution support system, production capacity diversification and having alternative or multiple suppliers during extraordinary disruptions may aid in the sustainability of the health-care SCs in Bangladesh. Originality/value: This study is unique as no previous study has identified and examined the sustainable recovery strategy perspective KPIs considering the COVID-19 pandemic in the context of Bangladeshi health-care SCs. This study will also add value by guiding decision-makers of the health-care SCs of Bangladesh to adopt strategies toward the sustainability of SCs. © 2021, Emerald Publishing Limited.

9.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology ; 36(SUPPL 3):84-85, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1467570

ABSTRACT

Background and Aim: The correlation between non-invasive fibrosis scores and histological liver fibrosis is well established. As the availability of FibroScan is limited in geographically isolated settings and those impacted by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), we aimed to demonstrate a correlation between FibroScan median liver stiffness readings of patients with metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) with aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to platelet ratio index (APRI), Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) score, and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Fibrosis Score (NFS). Methods:We conducted a retrospective analysis over 2 years of patients referred to the hepatology service by primary care physicians with deranged liver function test results. Data were obtained from routine clinical investigations in electronic medical records at a single Australian tertiary referral center. Data collected included FibroScan liver stiffness measurements, age, body mass index, glycated hemoglobin level, albumin level, platelet count, AST level, and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level. The APRI, FIB-4, and NFS scores were calculated. Results: We identified 65 patients, all of whom proceeded to FibroScan and exclusion of causes other than MAFLD. Of the 65 patients, we found correlation between FibroScan and all non-invasive scores. However, as expected, there was an indirect relationship only with multiple outliers beyond the commonly used cut-offs for excluding advanced fibrosis (APRI < 0.5, FIB-4 < 1.45, NFS < -1.45). Of the 48 patients with an APRI score < 0.5, 41 (85.4%) had a FibroScan result of <8.0 kPa. Of the 54 patients with a FIB-4 score < 1.45, 47 (87%) had a FibroScan result of <8 kPa. Of the 43 patients with an NFS score < -1.454, 41 (95%) had a FibroScan result of <8 kPa (Fig. 1). Conclusion: Use of non-invasive measures of fibrosis is accurate for excluding advanced fibrosis in the population with MAFLD. Individual previously published cut-off values all correlate well with a FibroScan reading of <8 kPa;so much so that, when used together, they may be relied upon when FibroScan is unavailable. This has obvious indications in the Australian setting with regional and remote communities that have limited access to FibroScan. This is of particular value in helping to avoid hospital attendance amid the COVID-19 pandemic and is also of value in risk stratification in primary care.

10.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology ; 36:80-81, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1411377
11.
International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research ; 20(5):142-158, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1350638

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has forced higher-education institutions to switch to emergency online learning. This situation has also challenged the Muslim communities and institutions across the world to shift to the online mode of teaching Quran and Islamic studies. This research explored undergraduate students’ and instructors’ perceptions of the emergency online learning of Quran reading in Indonesia. Several aspects were analysed to compare the students’ perspective towards face-to-face class versus online learning, including class interaction, learning experience, motivation, satisfaction and comfort level. The study also compared students’ Quran reading performance in the online-learning setting with the records from a traditional face-to-face class during the previous year. The survey and performance data were obtained from 923 students. The findings indicated no significant difference in students’ performance between Quran reading classes in face-to-face and online classroom settings. Furthermore, although students and instructors felt that some aspects had changed, they generally tended to accept the Quran class in online mode. This is likely because, amidst the pandemic, students and instructors have no other options except to adapt to the rapid change and embrace the transition. Nevertheless, the study indicated signs of fatigue and reduction in the students’ acceptance of the Quran online learning over time. ©Authors This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).

13.
Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation ; 40(4):S243-S243, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1187587
14.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia) ; 35(SUPPL 1):191, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1109575

ABSTRACT

Background and Aim: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is emerging as a significant cause of chronic liver disease. Lifestyle modifications and weight loss are fundamental to NAFLD management. Patient-centered, economical, and clinically effective lifestyle models of care are required to support patients with NAFLD. We aimed to examine the outcomes of a dietitian-led program for patients with NAFLD. Methods: Groups of patients with NAFLD attended a 12-week dietitianled program at a tertiary hospital in Brisbane, Queensland, from December 2017 to February 2020. The program consists of an initial group session delivering lifestyle education, fortnightly individual “coaching” telephone calls, and a final group session. Weight, body mass index, waist circumference, and a Mediterranean diet quality score were recorded at the initial and conclusion sessions and statistically analyzed using SPSS. Qualitative data exploring barriers to attendance were collected using semi-structured interviews and thematically analyzed. Results: A total of 192 patients with NAFLD, in 22 groups with an average of 10 patients per group, attended the dietitian-led program during the study period. Of the 192 patients, 86 (44.8%) completed the program, with a median attendance rate of 88% for the group and telephone sessions. Patients who failed to attend the initial session, failed to attend two or more consecutive telephone reviews, and/or failed to attend the final session were named non-attenders. Results are presented in Table 1. Anthropometry for attenders versus non-attenders showed a statistically significant difference in baseline weight (98.1 vs 92.1 kg;P = 0.036) and waist circumference (111 vs 106 cm;P = 0.031). There was no difference in age or sex between attenders and non-attenders. There was a trend of decreasing attendance rates as the program progressed, with 84% of patients attending the first phone call and only 59% the final phone call. There were no statistical correlations between attendance rate and changes in weight or waist circumference, possibly due to insufficient anthropometry data for non-attenders. Of the 79 patients who commenced the program but did not attend the final group session, 12 (15%) did not attend any phone calls, 24 (30%) attended a single phone call only, 24 (30%) attended three to four phone calls, and 16 (20%) attended five or more phone calls. Qualitative analysis of patient surveys indicated that motivation, work, and time were barriers to attendance. Conclusion: The data show a statistically significant reduction in weight and waist circumference and an increase in diet quality, indicating modest improvements in metabolic risk factors. Patient attendance at the final group session was a limiting factor to data collection. Patients with a higher baseline weight and waist circumference were more likely to attend. Flexible services are required to ensure services are patient-centered. The service has since been adapted to suit coronavirus disease 2019 restrictions;future studies will be completed to assess attendance rates at virtual and face-to-face modalities.

15.
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Australia) ; 35(SUPPL 1):185-186, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1109574

ABSTRACT

Background and Aim: In March 2020, the Gastroenterological Society of Australia released recommendations for endoscopic triaging during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. These unique circumstances resulted in diagnostic delays. In a Brisbane hospital, computed tomography (CT) colonography was used as a minimally invasive method to examine the colon, with the aim of identifying and expediting the diagnosis of patients with high-risk abnormalities. We aimed to explore the findings and outcomes of CT colonography. Methods: In April 2020, an experienced gastroenterologist reviewed and triaged about 645 category one waitlist colonoscopy patients. Of these, 130 patients were selected on clinical grounds and referred to three community radiology providers for CT colonography between April and June 2020. Data were retrospectively collected, including patient demographics, indication from referral source, and radiology reports. Colonoscopy reports were reviewed using ProVation software. Results: Of the 130 patients selected, 92 consented and 39 declined. After CTcolonography, 13 patients were referred for colonoscopy and 79 were referred to a gastroenterology outpatient clinic. The indication for referral addressed “red flag” symptoms of unexplained anemia, rectal bleeding, weight loss, or change in bowel habits in 54/92 patients (58.7%). The median time from referral to CT colonography was 20 days. Of the CT colonographies, 75 (81.5%) were recorded as being “good” or “satisfactory” quality. The significant colonic findings and outcomes of CT colonography are shown in Table 1. One patient had a significant extracolonic finding of a malignancy, consistent with renal cell carcinoma. This patient was reviewed in the urology outpatient clinic 9 days after CT colonography. Conclusion: This cohort of patients faced delays in the time to colonoscopy due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In using CT colonography, three patients were diagnosed with significant conditions that required urgent management and treatment. In 78/130 patients (60%), no high-risk radiological abnormalities were identified, and they were referred to an outpatient clinic. CTcolonography may be an appropriate tool to assist with risk stratification for patients facing long waitlists. This requires further study to assess outcomes after clinic consultation and colonoscopy procedures.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL