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IJID Reg ; 2: 118-125, 2022 Mar.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1899808


Background: A prospective cohort study of the clinical presentations and management outcomes of laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 patients in the early months of the pandemic was performed at two hospitals in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Methods: Between April 1 and May 31, 2020, laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 patients seen at two tertiary facilities were consecutively enrolled in the study and followed up for 21 days. Results: 121 COVID-19 patients were enrolled; 112 (92.6%) were admitted while nine (7.4%) were seen as outpatients. The median (IQR) age of patients was 41 (30-54) years; 72 (59.5%) were male. The median (IQR) reported days from hospital admission to recovery and to death were 10 (6-18) and 5.5 (3-9), respectively. Forty-four (36.4%) patients had at least one underlying condition. Of the 112 admissions, 17 (15.2%) went to ICU, of whom 14 (82.3%) died. At the end of follow-up, 93 (76.9%) recovered, 18 (14.9%) died, seven (5.8%) remained asymptomatic, and one (0.8%) remained ill. Conclusion: Three-quarters of all COVID-19 patients were less than 60 years, reflecting Africa's young population . High ICU admissions and mortality were observed.

J Prim Care Community Health ; 11: 2150132720946948, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-690693


Strengthening Primary Health Care Systems is the most effective policy response in low-and middle-income countries to protect against health emergencies, achieve universal health coverage, and promote health and wellbeing. Despite the Astana declaration on primary health care, respective investment is still insufficient in Sub-Sahara Africa. The SARS-CoV-2019 pandemic is a reminder that non-communicable diseases (NCDs), which are increasingly prevalent in Sub-Sahara Africa, are closely interlinked to the burden of communicable diseases, exacerbating morbidity and mortality. Governments and donors should use the momentum created by the pandemic in a sustainable and effective way by pivoting health spending towards primary health care.

Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Noncommunicable Diseases/epidemiology , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Primary Health Care/organization & administration , Africa South of the Sahara/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Humans , Prevalence