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Int J Environ Res Public Health ; 18(16)2021 Aug 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1341691


Pandemics impose an immense psychological burden on healthcare workers due to a combination of workplace stressors and personal fears. Nurses and auxiliary nursing care technicians (ANCTs) are on the front line of this pandemic and form the largest group in healthcare practice. The aim of this study is to determine the symptoms of depression and/or anxiety among nurses and ANCTs during the periods known as the first wave (March-June) and second wave (September-November) of theCOVID-19 pandemic in Spain. An observational cross-sectional study was carried out using an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire among nurses and ANCTs practising in Spain. During the first period, 68.3% and 49.6% of the subjects presented anxiety and depression, respectively, decreasing in the second period (49.5% for anxiety and 35.1% for depression). There were statistically significant differences between the different categories and periods (p < 0.001). The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively influenced mental health in nurses and ANCTs. Mental health should be monitored and coping strategies promoted to improve the health, productivity and efficiency of these professionals.

COVID-19 , Mental Health , Nurses , Nursing Assistants/psychology , Anxiety/epidemiology , COVID-19/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Depression/epidemiology , Health Personnel , Humans , Nurses/psychology , Pandemics , Surveys and Questionnaires
Nutrients ; 12(9):2826, 2020.
Article | MDPI | ID: covidwho-762825


Due to the pandemic situation caused by the COVID-19 infection, some governments have implemented house confinement measures. The objective of our study is to learn the dietary patterns, consumption, and physical activity of the Spanish population before and during the period of confinement by COVID-19. A cross-sectional descriptive study based on a questionnaire during May 2020, coinciding with the period of confinement and the step forward into Phase 1, is carried out. During confinement, the adherence to the Mediterranean Diet increases (8.0% versus 4.7%;p <0.001). No socio-demographic variables show statistical significance (p <0.05) regarding good adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) before and during confinement. During confinement, consumption of homemade baking shows a higher increase (0.28% versus 4.60%;p = 0.004). During confinement, the number of subjects that practice exercise decreases (29.4% versus 28.8%;p = 0.004), as well as the time spent exercising (more than an hour, 26.6% versus 14.7%, p = 0.001). Mediterranean Diet adherence slightly increases during confinement, although consumption of "unhealthy"food also increases. Moreover, the number of subjects that practice physical activity, as well as the time spent on it weekly, decreases.