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1.
2022 10th International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction (Acii) ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2191674

ABSTRACT

Workplace stress has been increasing in recent decades and has worsened by the unique demands imposed by COVID-19 and the new remote/hybrid work settings. High-stress working conditions can be detrimental to the health and wellness of workers and can lead to significant business costs in terms of productivity loss and medical expenses. An essential step toward managing stress involves finding comfortable ways to sense workers and recognizing stress as soon as it happens. This work explores the potential value of using pervasive sensors such as keyboards, webcams, and behavioral data such as calendar and e-mail activity to passively assess individual stress levels of work in real-life. In particular, we collected a large corpus of such data from 46 remote information workers over one month and asked them to self-report their stress levels and other relevant factors several times a day. Analysis of the data demonstrates that passive sensors can effectively detect both triggers and manifestations of workplace stress and that having access to prior data of the worker is critical for developing well-performing stress recognition models. Furthermore, we provide qualitative feedback capturing workers' preferences in workplace stress monitoring.

2.
Telos-Revista Interdisciplinaria En Ciencias Sociales ; 24(3):585-597, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2083228

ABSTRACT

This research aims to determine the challenges university students face in terms of continuity of learning remotely without the ravages of the pandemic caused by COVID-19 affecting their professional training. The purpose is to understand their attitudes towards this global problem. From the methodological point of view, the research has a quantitative approach, a descriptive type, and a non-experimental design. A questionnaire was used as an instrument, and as a technique, a virtual survey, with the participation of 159 students of the 2020-II cycle from three Peruvian universities. The result has shown a growth and strengthening of the university's digital skills, reinforcing their dependence on Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) to develop their academic activities.

3.
International Series in Operations Research and Management Science ; 332:27-58, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2075211

ABSTRACT

As supply chains have become more global and complex, supply chain disruptions have become more frequent (Resilinc. Supply chain disruptions- Resioinc’s mid-year report. https://www.resilinc.com/in-the-news/supply-chain-disruptions-resilincs-mid-year-report/, 2021) and severe (Craighead et al. Decision Sciences 38(1):131–156, 2007). It is thus imperative for public and private enterprises to develop and implement strategies to prevent supply chain disruptions from occurring and recover quickly from them when they occur. Enterprises can do so by first establishing an effective supply chain risk management (SCRM) process that identifies, assesses, and proposes strategies to manage and monitor supply chain risks. In this chapter, we review the SCRM process and describe its four stages: risk identification, risk assessment, risk management, and risk monitoring. In doing so, we propose practices and strategies that help enterprises identify, assess, manage (accept, avoid, transfer, or mitigate), and monitor supply chain risks. We also provide examples of how enterprises across industries have implemented SCRM and identify key technologies employed within this process. Finally, we review recent research on behavioral influences in the context of SCRM. The chapter, overall, emphasizes the impact of continued risk for supply chains due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This chapter serves as a resource to academics, students, and practitioners into the SCRM process, actionable strategies employed within each stage of this process, and behavioral factors influencing it. © 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

4.
Aposta-Revista De Ciencias Sociales ; 95:70-83, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2068302

ABSTRACT

This article analyses food policies implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic in Bahia Blanca, Buenos Aires, based on legislation, budgetary data and official statistics on poverty and indigence. During the pandemic, different levels of government increased the scope of most social programs and, in particular, those aimed at guaranteeing access to food directly or indirectly became of vital importance. In Bahia Blanca, most of the public investment allocated to the health emergency was directed to the purchase and distribution of food, which reflects an important role of the local level in food assistance programs. However, despite the initiatives of the different levels of government, these were not enough to address the increase in the potential need for food assistance in the population.

5.
Neurology ; 98(18 SUPPL), 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1925439

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate clinical, laboratory, and epidemiological features of acute neuroinflammatory disorders (ANIDs) that followed the 2016 Zika epidemic in Colombia. Background: The outbreak of Zika virus infection in Colombia in 2015-2016, produced an increased incidence of Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) and other ANID cases. The Neuroviruses Emerging in the Americas Study (NEAS) network was established in 2016 as a multicenter-based observatory of ANIDs to investigate the role of emerging pathogens in neuroinflammatory diseases. Design/Methods: NEAS serves as a multi-center study based on 13 hospitals in 7 cities in Colombia which study all newly diagnosed patients who fulfill established criteria for GBS, encephalitis, myelitis, meningoencephalitis, or cranial nerve disorders as part of an observational cohort. We analyzed the clinical and epidemiological features of all cases evaluated between January 2016 and September 2021. Results: An observational cohort of 825 patients with ANIDs were recruited during the study period. 58.8% of cases were male with a median age of 43 (IQR 25-58) years. The most frequent ANIDs were GBS (46.1%) and facial nerve palsy (28.7%). The diagnosis of encephalitis (9.5%), myelitis (6.5%), and optic neuritis (5.9%) were less frequent. Patients with GBS were predominantly male (70.6%) and had a median age of 49 (IQR 32-60) years. Interestingly, there was an increase incidence of GBS in 2019. Conclusions: The outbreak of Zika in Colombia produced a marked increase in the incidence of GBS in 2016. Although cases of GBS and other ANIDs continued to emerge after the incidence of Zika infection decreased in July 2016, the recent SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has not produced any significant increase in the incidence of GBS in Colombia.

6.
Arquivos de Ciencias da Saude da UNIPAR ; 26(1):47-55, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1904127

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the world's scenarios as well as the routines and ways of living. Health professionals are part of the population acting in the front line, and in turn, they have become a risk group, which causes feelings such as stress and anxiety, with some may even showing signs of depression. Therefore, the purpose of this work is to characterize the presence of signs of anxiety, stress and depression and relate them to social skills in 70 health professionals in a city in Parana. For the evaluation of such variables, the HAD Instrument Scale was used to evaluate signs/symptoms of anxiety and depression, with the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) also being used to evaluate the stress variable, in addition to an adapted open questionnaire (CABALLO, 2003) for social skills. From the results obtained, it could be observed that the majority of the participants presents signs of depression (79.7%), as well as signs of anxiety (78.6%). Furthermore, they also present high levels of stress when compared to the Brazilian normative sample. Thus, it can be understood that health professionals are predisposed to presenting high results, since they are exposed to a stressful and high-risk context and are also in need of caring strategies. Furthermore, it is important to further expand studies in the area, given that the context of the COVID-19 pandemic is something new and therefore, requires new forms of confrontation.

7.
Revista Cubana de Farmacia ; 55(1), 2022.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1820621

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The university population may be vulnerable to self-medication due to COVID-19 due to their greater exposure to social networks and their tendency to imitate self-medication practices of their social environment. Objective: Assess the characteristics and factors associated with self-medication due to COVID-19 in undergraduate university students of a Peruvian university. Methods: An analytical cross-sectional study (October 1st to November 14, 2020) in which 166 surveys were analyzed among students of the National University of Central Peru selected through a probabilistic sampling stratified by faculties. The factors associated with self-medication were evaluated by Poisson regression of robust variances, in this way the prevalence ratios and corresponding confidence intervals were obtained. Results: 14.5% of the students self-medicated due to COVID-19 and the main reasons were sore throat (45.8%), fever (37.5%) and disease prevention (29.2%). The most commonly used drugs were paracetamol (70.8%), aspirin (62.5%) and influenza drugs (62.5%). Some participants (20.8%) reported experiencing side effects after taking medications such as aspirin, ivermectin, dexamethasone, and chlorine dioxide. The perception that self-medication is harmful to health (PR: 0.41;CI: 0.20-0.84) and having doctors as a source of drug information (PR: 0.46;CI: 0.21-0.99) were associated with self-medication due to COVID-19. Approximately 15 out of every 100 students in the studied population self-medicated due to COVID-19. Likewise, those who perceived self-medication as harmful to health and who had doctors as a source of drug information self-medicated less. Conclusions: The results allow us to characterize the problem of self-medication due to COVID-19 in university students, while offering information for the approach of strategies that reduce its negative impact.

8.
2021 Abu Dhabi International Petroleum Exhibition and Conference, ADIP 2021 ; 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1789279

ABSTRACT

The Covid-19 pandemic is an unprecedented condition to the global economy including the oil & gas industry. The ability to adapt to the imposed changes, requires creativity, innovation, digitalization of processes, and resilience. This work will show a novel integrated approach around four pillars which had improved operation efficiency and brought monetary value during a challenging 2020 in Shushufindi field, Ecuador. The first pillar is new technology adoption. This aims to extend run life of critical equipment resulting in a higher well productive time. Examples of adopted technology: Chrome-enrich tubulars, downhole microcaps chemical deployment, de-sander and multiphase/extended gas handler. The second pillar is the P3 process (Pre-Pulling-Post) to quickly and effectively find the root cause of well failure that leads to definite remedial action. Digital enabler is the third pillar, its value come from reducing operational downtime and risk by using real-time surveillance capability, remote control, and data intelligence. The final pillar is to re-establish an effective communication with all stakeholders. Various dashboards have been developed in order to provide the big picture of actual field condition in quickly manner as well as implementation of ESP real time surveillance & diagnostics, real time multiphase production test, and chemical treatment automation. Workshops, online technical, and service quality meetings are regularly conducted to ensure that recommendations and opportunities can be executed properly including contractual negotiations to enable new technology implementation. Despite all the restrictions during covid-19 pandemic and some force majeures in 2020, this integrated and digitalized approach has resulted an outstanding outcome: Well failure index reduced from 0.62 in 2019 to 0.41 in 2020;Production deferment related to well failure declined significantly from 2,420 bopd in 2019 to 1,259 bopd in 2020, which translate in savings of $16.8 million dollars. In addition to that, there was a reduction on operational cost from $26.3 million dollars in 2019 to $15.2 million dollars in 2020. This proven initiative has been supported and recognized by all stakeholders. Some new technologies and digitalization projects are in the process to be implemented in Shushufindi field as part of Ecuador digital strategy 2022. This successful integrated and digitalized approach can be adopted in other fields and will generate a huge business impact. © Copyright 2021, Society of Petroleum Engineers

9.
Anesthesia and Analgesia ; 132(5S_SUPPL):753-755, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1696146
11.
Archivos de Cardiologia de Mexico ; 91(Suplemento COVID):047-054, 2021.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1609046

ABSTRACT

Coagulopathy and thrombosis associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) represent a major issue in the management of this disease. In the past months, clinical studies have demonstrated that COVID-19 patients present with a particular hypercoagulable state, in which a markedly increased D-dimer concomitant with increased levels of fibrinogen are observed. This hypercoagulable state leads to an increased risk of thrombosis, which seems to be higher among those patients with critical symptoms of COVID-19. The best therapeutic approach to prevent thrombotic events in COVID-19 has not been determined yet and several questions regarding thromboprophylaxis therapy, such as the time to initiate anticoagulation, type of anticoagulant and dose regimen, have emerged among physicians. To address these concerns, several medical societies have published position papers to provide the opinion of thrombosis experts on the management of coagulopathy and thrombosis associated with COVID-19. In line with this, the Latin America Cooperative Group of Hemostasis and Thrombosis (Grupo CLAHT) has constituted a panel of experts in thrombosis and hemostasis to discuss the available data on this topic. The aim of this review is to summarize the current evidence regarding hemostatic impairment and thrombotic risk in COVID-19 and to provide a carefully revised opinion of Latin American experts on the thromboprophylaxis and management of thrombotic events and coagulopathy in patients with suspected COVID-19.

12.
10th Brazilian Conference on Intelligent Systems, BRACIS 2021 ; 13074 LNAI:121-132, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1599541

ABSTRACT

Early identification of patients with COVID-19 is essential to enable adequate treatment and to reduce the burden on the health system. The gold standard for COVID-19 detection is the use of RT-PCR tests. However, due to the high demand for tests, these can take days or even weeks in some regions of Brazil. Thus, an alternative for detecting COVID-19 is the analysis of Digital Chest X-rays (XR). Changes due to COVID-19 can be detected in XR, even in asymptomatic patients. In this context, models based on deep learning have great potential to be used as support systems for diagnosis or as screening tools. In this paper, we propose the evaluation of convolutional neural networks to identify pneumonia due to COVID-19 in XR. The proposed methodology consists of a preprocessing step of the XR, data augmentation, and classification by the convolutional architectures DenseNet121, InceptionResNetV2, InceptionV3, MovileNetV2, ResNet50, and VGG16 pre-trained with the ImageNet dataset. The obtained results for our methodology demonstrate that the VGG16 architecture presented a superior performance in the classification of XR, with an Accuracy of 85.11 %, Sensitivity of 85.25 %, Specificity of 85.16 %, F1-score of 85.03 %, and an AUC of 0.9758. © 2021, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

13.
Gaceta Medica De Mexico ; 157(5):571-571, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1552065
14.
Journal of AAPOS ; 25(4):e38-e39, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1415485

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Even though the recent outbreak of a novel coronavirus does not severely affect the pediatric population, a previously healthy 15-year-old female, who had started with bilateral conjunctivitis, progressed to toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) and multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS) in 12 hours. The RT-PCR for SARS-CoV-2 infection was positive with an epidemiologic link 72 hours before onset of symptoms. Methods: The patient was referred to Gutierrez Children’s Hospital intensive care unit (ICU), where she was diagnosed with TEN, bibasal pneumonia and MIS, gammaglobulin and corticosteroids therapy was indicated. She had severe ocular compromise, with bilateral bullous lesions on eyelids and extensive corneal ulcer. We performed amniotic membrane transplantation and placed a symblepharon ring in order to minimize the destructive inflammation and damage of the ocular surface during acute phase. Results: Patient evolution was favorable. She was transferred to the COVID-19 unit after 10 days. Complete reabsorption of amniotic membrane was confirmed in 15 days, symblepharon ring was removed and continued with preservative-free lubricant, cyclosporine 0.05% and serum tears drops. After 35 days of hospitalization, she was discharged with regulated multidisciplinary controls. The patient achieved best-corrected visual acuity 20/20 in both eyes, with moderate dry eye symptoms and localized trichiasis. Conclusion/Relevance: In this case, a strong correlation of COVID-19 with TEN was suspected. TEN is a potentially devastating disease that involves permanent painful visual problems. We emphasize early and intensive treatment because the management of the sequelae is extremely challenging, many of the chronic problems are impossible to repair completely.

15.
Revista Cubana de Medicina Militar ; 50(1), 2021.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1172155
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