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1.
Investigaciones Geograficas-Spain ; - (77):37-55, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1771825

ABSTRACT

The three European countries included in the northwest littoral of the Mediterranean region - Italy, France and Spain - reported their first cases of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus early in 2020. The subsequent epidemic strongly impacted these countries, challenging the healthcare systems efficiency, and the capacity and transparency of their public statistics structures. Because public statistics were not fully adapted to such a new health situation, the available official data could not wholly describe the epidemic correctly. This paper developed an indicator derived from the prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 aiming to describe the time and spatial dynamics of the epidemic. Although the analysis was not applied to France due to the lack of data available, the comparative analysis among Spain and Italy highlighted some similarities and certain divergences, partially attributable to the features of each country`s national demographic patterns and the peculiarities of applied health protocols. Finally, mortality during the first wave of the epidemic has been analysed for the three countries, demonstrating higher mortality index in Spain, although the reported number of SARS-CoV-2 declared deaths does not explain a portion of this mortality excess.

2.
Clinical Kidney Journal ; : 19, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1758707

ABSTRACT

Novel coronavirus disease infection (COVID-19) was declared a global pandemic in March 2020 and since then has become a major public health problem. The prevalence of COVID-19 infection and acute kidney injury (AKI) is variable depending on several factors such as race/ethnicity, and severity of illness. The pathophysiology of renal involvement in COVID-19 infection is not entirely clear but it could be in part explained by the viral tropism in the kidney parenchyma. AKI in COVID-19 infection can be either by direct invasion of the virus, or as a consequence of immunologic response. Diverse studies have focused on the effect of COVID-19 on glomerulonephritis (GN) patients or the "novo" GN;however, the effect of COVID-19 in acute tubulointerstitial nephritis (ATIN) has been scarcely studied. In this article, we present five cases with different spectrums of COVID-19 infection and ATIN that may suggest that recent diagnosis of ATIN is accompanied with a worse clinical prognosis in comparison with long-term diagnosed ATIN.

3.
Educacao & Formacao ; 7(1):20, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1732614

ABSTRACT

The present research aimed to describe the emotional exhaustion of Peruvian university students from the professional career of Education in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. The approach was quantitative, the design was non-experimental, and the type was descriptive, cross-sectional. The sample consisted of 232 students, to whom the Emotional Tiredness Scale (2007) was applied, an instrument with adequate levels of reliability and validity. According to the results, the majority of students presented high levels of emotional fatigue and it was determined that the prevalence of this variable was significantly associated with the sex and age group of the students (p <0.05). It was concluded that it is necessary for the Psychopedagogy area of the university to carry out the timely detection of students who suffer from emotional fatigue so that they recover their psychological wellbeing and apply preventive programs to reduce the prevalence of this phenomenon.

4.
Revista Brasileira De Educacao Do Campo-Brazilian Journal of Rural Education ; 6:19, 2021.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1699056

ABSTRACT

The present research aimed to describe the technostress of the students of the Education career of a public university in the Peruvian Amazon during the COVID-19 pandemic. The approach was quantitative, the design non-experimental and the type of research, descriptive, cross-sectional. The sample consisted of 232 students to whom the Technostress Questionnaire was applied, an instrument with adequate levels of reliability and validity. The results indicate that the students were characterized by having moderate levels of technostress. Likewise, regarding its factors, it was found that there were low levels of technoanxiety and moderate levels of technoaddiction and technofatigue. On the other hand, it was determined that some sociodemographic variables such as sex, age group and the work condition of the students were significantly associated with levels of techno-stress. It was concluded that it is necessary for the university to take some preventive and corrective measures to reduce the prevalence of this condition in the students. Likewise, it would be important to promote digital disconnection so that they carry out physical activities, care for their families and socialization.

5.
Archivos Venezolanos de Farmacologia y Terapeutica ; 40(1):88-93, 2021.
Article in Spanish | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1580054

ABSTRACT

University education is a period that involves many demands as well as academic, social, and personal demands for students. This context became more complex in the current pandemic era, as education went from being face-to-face to being virtual, which highlighted other limitations such as accessibility and connectivity problems and the new way of learning. Therefore, the objective of this research was to determine the prevalence of academic stress in students of the professional education career of a Peruvian university in times of the CO-VID-19 pandemic. The research approach was quantitative, non-experimental design, and correlational type. The sample was formed by 172 students to whom the SISCO Inventory of Academic Stress and a sociodemographic data sheet were applied. According to the findings, the students were characterized by high levels of academic stress and it was determined that this variable is significantly associated with sex, age, and year of studies. It was concluded that the application of psychoeducational strategies is necessary to reduce the prevalence of academic stress in students so that they can function properly and improve their quality of life.

6.
European Journal of Public Health ; 31, 2021.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-1514519

ABSTRACT

Background Worldwide there is an overwhelming amount of information about COVID-19 circulating online, also named infodemic. Misinformation (the unintentional) and disinformation (the intentional) spreading of false information have proven to be very dangerous to public health. Hence, more than ever, people need skills for searching, evaluating and integrating information related to health in daily life, i.e., health literacy. Until now, little is known about the digital health literacy of university students and their information-seeking behaviour. Hence, this study aimed to analyse the associations between university students' digital health literacy and online information queries during the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic (and infodemic) in Portugal. Methods A cross-sectional study of 3.084 Portuguese university students (75.7% females), with an average age of 24.2 (SD = 7.5), was conducted using an online survey. We used sociodemographic data (sex, age, subjective social status) and the digital health literacy questionnaire adapted to the specific COVID-19 context. Online information queries included the topics related to SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 searched by students. Logistic regression models were performed. Results Online information queries (e.g., individual measures to protect against infection, current spread of the virus, current situation assessments and recommendations) were associated with an increased odds of achieving sufficient digital health literacy. Conclusions Online information queries related to epidemiological and public health topics are significantly associated with digital health literacy in times of COVID-19. Further studies are needed, including programs that improve digital health literacy among university students and increase the availability of high-quality content information.

7.
Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism ; 28(2):25-31, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1341596

ABSTRACT

The pandemic caused by the COVID-19 virus has led states to issue orders for confinement and suspension of activities such as education. The purpose of this study is to interpret the Purpose in Life Test (PIL) and its relationship to physical activity and mental relaxation/meditation in confinement. A survey was conducted in an online form on 533 individuals (39 ± 11 years) using the Purpose in Life Test (PIL) and an ad-hoc questionnaire regarding physical activity time (PA), mental relaxation/meditation time (RM), hours of sleep (HS), number of people in confinement (NPC) and concerns and satisfaction during confinement. The overall mean of the PIL test was 114 ± 16, indicating a strong life purpose, and there were no differences by sex or by levels of physical activity, but for RM and age levels. The scores of the PIL test were positively correlated with the age, PA and time of RM. On the other hand, the main concern is the economy (50%) and health or getting sick by COVID-19 (37%), and what gives the greatest satisfaction is the family (40%) and sharing and spending time with the family (33%). People who perform RM activities at least 30 min/week have significantly higher PIL test scores. Despite the drastic changes caused by confinement, individuals have a strong life purpose. Family companionship, home PA and RM act as a protective factor during confinement and in maintaining physical and mental health. © 2021 2021 Néstor Romero-Ramos et al., published by Sciendo.

8.
Revista Brasileira De Educacao Do Campo-Brazilian Journal of Rural Education ; 5:19, 2020.
Article in Spanish | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1063560

ABSTRACT

The objective of this research was to analyze the attitude of the students of the National Amazonian University of Madre de Dios towards virtual education in times of the COVID-19 pandemic. The research focus was quantitative, the non-experimental design and the descriptive transitional type of design. The sample consisted of 154 students of both sexes from the professional education, career and was determined by means of a stratified probabilistic sampling. The instrument used for data collection was the Scale of Attitudes towards virtual education, which has the required reliability and validity. Based on the results, it was shown that the majority of students present an attitude of indifference towards virtual education and statistically significant differences were found between the sex and age of the students.

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