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1.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 11(1)2021 Dec 21.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1636790

ABSTRACT

Cefiderocol use in A. baumannii pneumonia still represents an important matter of debate. The aim of this study is to describe 13 cases of carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii (CRAB) pneumonia treated with cefiderocol in real-life practice. We retrospectively included patients with CRAB pneumonia hospitalized at Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli Hospital treated with cefiderocol either in the general ward or the intensive care unit. A total of 11 patients out of 13 had ventilator-associated pneumonia caused by CRAB, and 12/13 patients had polymicrobial infection. We found a 30-day success rate of 54%. Cefiderocol may have a role when facing severe XDR A. baumannii pneumonia. Future studies are warranted to better define its place in therapy in CRAB infections.

2.
J Clin Med ; 10(17)2021 Sep 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1390671

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: E-selectin is a recognized marker of endothelial activation; however, its place in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) has not been fully explored. Aims of the study are to compare sE-selectin values among the Intensive Care Unit (ICU)-admitted and non-admitted, survived and non-survived patients and those with or without thrombosis. METHODS: A single-center study of patients with COVID-19 hospitalized at Policlinico Umberto I (Rome) from March to May 2020 was performed. Simple and multiple logistic regression models were developed. RESULTS: One hundred patients were included, with a median age (IQR) of 65 years (58-78). Twenty-nine (29%) were admitted to ICU, twenty-eight (28%) died and nineteen (19%) had a thrombotic event. The median value (IQR) of sE-selectin was 26.1 ng/mL (18.1-35). sE-selectin values did not differ between deceased and survivors (p = 0.06) and among patients with or without a thrombotic event (p = 0.22). Compared with patients who did not receive ICU treatments, patients requiring ICU care had higher levels of sE-selectin (36.6 vs. 24.1 ng/mL; p < 0.001). In the multiple logistic regression model, sE-selectin levels > 33 ng/mL, PaO2/FiO2 < 200 and PaO2/FiO2 200-300 were significantly associated with an increased risk of ICU admission. sE-selectin values significantly correlated with a neutrophil count (R = 0.32 (p = 0.001)) and the number of days from the symptoms onset to hospitalization (R = 0.28 (p = 0.004)). CONCLUSIONS: sE-selectin levels are predictive of ICU admission in COVID-19 patients. Since data on the relation between sE-selectin and COVID-19 are scarce, this study aims to contribute toward the comprehension of the pathogenic aspects of COVID-19 disease, giving a possible clinical marker able to predict its severity.

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