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1.
Benchmarking-an International Journal ; 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2005032

ABSTRACT

Purpose The purpose of the current paper is to identify the factors responsible for achieving business sustainability. This paper further attempts to develop a conceptual framework that can help SMEs to achieve viable business growth through improved sustainable performance. Design/methodology/approach The study follows a methodical examination of literature published on SMEs during COVID-19. Specifically, the combination of keywords has primarily centred on SMEs, Business Practices, COVID-19 and Pandemic. The 155 research papers identified for the analysis have been classified as per geographical spread, type of papers, central theme, and theoretical foundations, which finally is followed by rigourous thematic analysis. Findings This research contributes to the SME literature by providing methodological, conceptual and practical rigour. The framework proposed by the research covers all the relevant areas which can be useful in preparing sustainable business trajectory for SMEs. It outlines the required directives for designing sustainable business practices for SMEs and includes macro and micro determinants. It also opens up future research avenues in different areas identified in the research. Future research can be performed on comparing business practices of SMEs across the emerging and developed economies. Practical implications In this study, we propose a framework that enables the design of sustainable business practices and thereby supports SMEs to combat any uncertain events or shocks. SMEs that can work on adopting sustainable business practices may sculpt novel avenues for growth and competitive advantage for their business. Originality/value The study is distinctive in nature as it is based on the examination of literature published during a phenomenological event (COVID-19) which depicts the sudden and unaccounted disruptions faced by SMEs and thereby strategies formulated around the significant glitches.

2.
PubMed; 2020.
Preprint in English | PubMed | ID: ppcovidwho-333583

ABSTRACT

While SARS-CoV-2 infection has pleiotropic and systemic effects in some patients, many others experience milder symptoms. We sought a holistic understanding of the severe/mild distinction in COVID-19 pathology, and its origins. We performed a whole-blood preserving single-cell analysis protocol to integrate contributions from all major cell types including neutrophils, monocytes, platelets, lymphocytes and the contents of serum. Patients with mild COVID-19 disease display a coordinated pattern of interferon-stimulated gene (ISG) expression across every cell population and these cells are systemically absent in patients with severe disease. Severe COVID-19 patients also paradoxically produce very high anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibody titers and have lower viral load as compared to mild disease. Examination of the serum from severe patients demonstrates that they uniquely produce antibodies with multiple patterns of specificity against interferon-stimulated cells and that those antibodies functionally block the production of the mild disease-associated ISG-expressing cells. Overzealous and auto-directed antibody responses pit the immune system against itself in many COVID-19 patients and this defines targets for immunotherapies to allow immune systems to provide viral defense. ONE SENTENCE SUMMARY: In severe COVID-19 patients, the immune system fails to generate cells that define mild disease;antibodies in their serum actively prevents the successful production of those cells.

3.
International Journal of Research in Commerce, Economics and Management ; 10(10):21-25, 2020.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-1391278

ABSTRACT

This research paper is written in the light of recent pandemic crisis which has engulfed the whole planet. Although it has been a tough time for everyone but this has also presented us with an opportunity to intrigue in the realm on Economic Psychology. Often sub categorized into consumer behaviour, buying patterns and psychology, a lot yet remains unexplored in the field of Economic Psychology. A Worldwide panic has been spread which has been a trigger for Panic buying displaying a sudden shift in consumer behaviour rarely seen in the history. Although there have been few examples in history where mass panic may convert into mass hysteria and causes drastic changes in behaviour of otherwise 'Rational' consumer. It is duly noted that Panic buying is not exclusively related to any pandemic crisis. This is tried to be analyzed using data from a tier 3 city. The focus of this study has been how the panic buying has been triggered into the consumers and its outcomes.

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