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1.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 1128, 2019.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31632272

ABSTRACT

Naoxintong capsule (NXT), a Chinese medicine, has performed excellent effects on the prevention and treatment against cardiovascular diseases. NXT is a fine powder mixture without any herb extraction, and there must be lots of ingredients hard to be absorbed. However, little is known about the correlation between the NXT's cardioprotective effects and gut microbiota. Herein, we report the effect of NXT on the development of cardiovascular diseases and clarify the correlation between NXT's cardioprotective effects and gut microbiota. In the current study, minipigs were selected and fed with high-fat diet and NXT daily for successive 8 months. During the process, up to 18 biomedical parameters were monthly determined to observe the dynamic changes after NXT treatment. At the end of experimental process, pathological examinations of heart, coronary artery, carotid artery, thoracic aorta, and abdominal aorta were conducted by HE staining and 16SrDNA sequencing, and analyzing of gut microbiota were conducted. Our results showed that NXT's effects against cardiovascular diseases were through regulating blood lipid profiles, inhibiting vascular inflammation, enhancing antioxidant capacity, and alleviating myocardial injury, without damages on liver and kidney particularly. Concurrently, we also found that long-term administration of NXT increased the diversity of gut microbiota, influenced the microbiome structure and composition stably, and revered the increase of the ratio of the Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes (F/B ratio) in relative abundance. Specifically, our results revealed some key bacterium of Caproiciproducens (enhanced), Sutterella (enhanced), Erysipelotrichaceae (enhanced), and Romboutsia (decreased) that were closely involved in NXT's effects. Taken together, our study demonstrates that NXT can inhibit the development of cardiovascular diseases by ameliorating high-fat diet-induced metabolic disorders and partly through improving gut microbiota.

2.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 118: 109187, 2019 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302425

ABSTRACT

Dan-hong injection (DHI) is extracted from Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM) and Carthamus tinctorius (CT) and is widely used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Our previous results showed DHI could improve hemorheology in rats. Since complex cellular interactions such as inflammation and oxidative stress are believed to be implicated in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular events, investigation of such pathological factors will contribute substantially to the understanding of the features and mechanisms of DHI. Therefore, in this study we used a rat model of blood stasis to explore the overall effects of DHI by detecting twenty three indexes, which were related to inflammation, immune response, vascular endothelial function, myocardial energy metabolism, oxidative stress, platelet aggregation, liver and renal function. Meanwhile, the interaction between SM and CT was discussed by comparing the effects of each single herb. DHI could significantly decrease the serum contents of IL-1ß, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8, IgM, IgG, IgA, MPO, hs-CRP, MDA, LDH, CK-MB, PAF, ALP and Cr, while elevate NO, SOD, TP and UA levels, indicating that DHI could inhibit inflammation and platelet aggregation, thereby relieving immune response and peroxidation, protecting vascular endothelial and organ function, and then prevent and treat cardiovascular diseases. In terms of compatibility, SM and CT showed complementary effects on markers of inflammatory and oxidative status, vascular endothelial damage and myocardial energy metabolism. On the other hand, they counteracted each other and SM reduced the side effects of creatinine caused by CT. This study contributes to comprehensively understand the pharmacodynamics effects and mechanism of DHI.


Subject(s)
Carthamus tinctorius/chemistry , Coronary Disease/prevention & control , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Endothelium, Vascular/drug effects , Hemostasis/drug effects , Salvia miltiorrhiza/chemistry , Animals , Coronary Disease/blood , Coronary Disease/immunology , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/isolation & purification , Endothelium, Vascular/immunology , Endothelium, Vascular/metabolism , Hemostasis/immunology , Inflammation , Male , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
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