Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 8 de 8
Filter
2.
Rheumatol Int ; 42(12): 2159-2166, 2022 12.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1971691

ABSTRACT

The objective of the study is to report the outcomes of COVID-19 in ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) patients. This was a registry-based observational study conducted at a tertiary care center in north India. AAV patients with at least one follow-up visit between March 2020 and September 2021 were included. Demographic features, clinical manifestations, disease activity, and treatment details of underlying AAV were noted in all patients. Details of COVID-19 infection including severity, treatment, and outcomes were noted. Predictors of COVID-19 severity were determined using univariate analysis. A total of 33 (18.3%) out of 180 AAV patients contracted COVID-19 infection. Moderate COVID-19 infection was seen in 33.3% and severe or critical infection was seen in 36.3% of patients. Seventeen patients (51.5%) required supplemental oxygen therapy. Nine patients had active disease at the time of COVID-19 infection and three of them died due to COVID-19 infection. The risk of COVID-19 infection and its severity did not differ between patients receiving different immunosuppressants including rituximab induction. Hypothyroidism (p = 0.046) and ocular (p = 0.038) involvement due to AAV predicted the development of moderate to severe/critical COVID-19. Three (9.1%) patients died from COVID-19 and the rate of AAV flare after COVID-19 was similar to that in non-COVID-19 patients (15.3/100 person-year vs. 15.6/100 person-year, p = 0.95). Majority of the patients with AAV had moderate to severe or critical COVID-19 infection. The rate of death due to COVID-19 in AAV is higher than in general population. Use of standard remission induction regimens did not lead to increased risk of COVID-19 infection in our AAV cohort.


Subject(s)
Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis , COVID-19 , Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis/drug therapy , Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis/therapy , Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Oxygen , Pandemics , Remission Induction , Rituximab/therapeutic use
3.
Rheumatol Int ; 42(4): 749-758, 2022 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1669776

ABSTRACT

For the foreseeable future, vaccines are the cornerstone in the global campaign against the Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic. As the number and fatalities due to COVID-19 decline and the lockdown anywise rescinded, we recognize an increase in the incidence of autoimmune disease post-COVID-19 vaccination. However, the causality of the most vaccine-induced side effects is debatable and, at best, limited to a temporal correlation. We herein report a case of a 51-year-old gentleman who developed Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) 2 week post-COVID-19 vaccination. The patient responded favorably to oral steroids and rituximab. Additionally, we conducted a case-based review of vaccine-associated AAV describing their clinical manifestations and treatment response of this emerging entity.


Subject(s)
Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis , COVID-19 , Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis/drug therapy , Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Communicable Disease Control , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Vaccination
4.
Indian J Nephrol ; 31(4): 390-393, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1378468

ABSTRACT

India is seeing a rapid rise in coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19). Immunosuppression is a possible risk factor for severe COVID-19, although their exact interaction is unclear. A total of 13 cases with active lupus nephritis (LN, with or without extra-renal manifestations) were managed with intense immunosuppression between January 2020 and June 2020 during the COVID-19 pandemic at our center. There were no other comorbidities in any patient. All patients received hydroxychloroquine as a part of standard of care. Vigorous precautionary measures were taken for preventing infection in all. One patient developed acute respiratory distress syndrome but was tested negative for COVID-19. None of the other 12 patients developed symptoms suggestive of COVID-19. We report safe management of patients with active LN with intense immunosuppression along with vigorous precautions amidst the COVID-19 pandemic. The role of hydroxychloroquine along with timely precautions needs to be further explored as protective measures against COVID-19 among systemic lupus erythematosus patients.

6.
Lupus ; 30(1): 158-164, 2021 Jan.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-817981

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The ongoing pandemic of COVID-19 has led to severe disruption of healthcare services worldwide. We conducted this study to assess the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the management of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) patients who were enrolled in the nation-wide inception cohort. METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to the SLE patients enrolled in the inception cohort. Questions related to the effect on disease activity, preventive measures adopted against COVID-19, the incidence of COVID-19, hardships faced in getting access to health care professionals and availability of medicines, adherence, fear of COVID-19 and the potential benefits of being part of the registry. RESULTS: A total of 1040 (90% females) patients completed the questionnaire. The mean age was 27.5 ± 19.1 years and the mean disease duration was 1.25 years. Twenty-Four (2.3%) patients had developed fever (>1 day) during this period, including one patient with additional symptoms of diarrhoea and anosmia, however, none of the patients developed COVID-19 infection. 262 patients (25.2%) reported financial difficulty during this period and patients reported an average excess expenditure of at least 2255.45 INR ($30) per month. 378 patients (36%) reported problems in getting their prescribed medicines due to lockdown. Of these, 167 (40%) patients needed to change their medication schedule due to this non-availability. Almost 54% of patients missed their scheduled follow up visits during the lockdown period and 37% of patients were unable to get their investigations done due to closure of laboratories and hospitals. 266 patients (25.5%) reported worsening of various symptoms of SLE during this period. Almost 61% patients felt confident that being associated with the inception cohort had helped them in managing their disease better during this period of lockdown as they received help in the form of timely and frequent telephonic consults, assistance in making the medicines available, and regular counselling resulting in abetment of their fears and anxieties. CONCLUSION: The current COVID-19 pandemic has made a huge impact on our SLE patients. Patients faced difficulty in the availability of medicines, missed the doses of medicines, had financial constraints, and spent more money on health during the pandemic.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/psychology , Pandemics , Registries , Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , India , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
7.
Indian J Nephrol ; 30(3): 155-157, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-683337
8.
Kidney Int Rep ; 5(9): 1545-1550, 2020 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-634246

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected the care of patients with noncommunicable diseases, including those suffering from kidney-related ailments. Many parts of the world, including India, adopted lockdown to curb community transmission of disease. The lockdown affected transportation, access to health care facilities, and availability of medicines and consumables as well as outpatient and inpatient services. We aimed to analyze the effect of lockdown imposed due to the COVID-19 pandemic on the care of patients with kidney diseases in India. METHODS: We surveyed 19 major hospitals (8 in the public and 11 in the private sector) to determine the effect of lockdown on the care of patients with kidney disease, including those on dialysis after the first 3 weeks of lockdown. RESULTS: The total number of dialysis patients in these centers came down from 2517 to 2404. Approximately 710 (28.2%) patients missed 1 or more dialysis sessions, 69 (2.74%) required emergency dialysis sessions, 104 (4.13%) stopped reporting for dialysis, and 9 (0.36%) were confirmed to have died. Outpatient attendance in the surveyed hospital came down by 92.3%, and inpatient service reduced by 61%. Tele-consultation was started but was accessed by only a small number of patients. CONCLUSION: Lack of preparedness before lockdown resulted in an interruption in health care services and posed an immediate adverse effect on the outcome of dialysis patients and patients with kidney disease in India. The long-term impact on the health of patients with less severe forms of kidney disease remains unknown.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL