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1.
Gaceta Medica de Caracas ; 130:S654-S663, 2022.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1995016

ABSTRACT

Background: There are enough documented records worldwide to date on the number ofinfections and deaths from the COVID-19 pandemic, and it is foreseeable that there will be a worsening of psychological health in the entire population, however, there are few studies that have addressed the emotional and psychological effects that preventive isolation has caused in Colombia in early childhood so the objective of this study was to know these effects through a survey carried out with caregivers of children in Colombia from different social strata. M ethod: Cross-sectional, descriptive, and quantitative study that included 1 006 surveys conducted in the last quarter of 2020. Results: The study mainly showed three psychological dimensions that impacted early childhood in Colombia during social isolation due to COVID-19: changes in an emotional state, behavior problems, and results of difficulties associated with sleep. Conclusions: Our results shed light on the specific groups with a higher risk of emotional and psychological difficulties due to a state of preventive confinement. These results suggest the strengthening of affective relationships at home and psychosocial support by qualified personnel for the good integral development of early childhood. © 2022 Academia Nacional de Medicina. All rights reserved.

3.
Blood Cancer J ; 11(12): 198, 2021 12 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1565711

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has represented a major cause of morbidity/mortality worldwide, overstressing health systems. Multiple myeloma (MM) patients show an increased risk for infections and they are expected to be particularly vulnerable to SARS-CoV-2 infection. Here we have obtained a comprehensive picture of the impact of COVID-19 in MM patients on a local and a global scale using a federated data research network (TriNetX) that provided access to Electronic Medical Records (EMR) from Health Care Organizations (HCO) all over the world. Through propensity score matched analyses we found that the number of new diagnoses of MM was reduced in 2020 compared to 2019 (RR 0.86, 95%CI 0.76-0.96) and the survival of newly diagnosed MM cases decreased similarly (HR 0.61, 0.38-0.81). MM patients showed higher risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection (RR 2.09, 1.58-2.76) and a higher excess mortality in 2020 (difference in excess mortality 9%, 4.4-13.2) than non-MM patients. By interrogating large EMR datasets from HCO in Europe and globally, we confirmed that MM patients have been more severely impacted by COVID-19 pandemic than non-MM patients. This study highlights the necessity of extending preventive measures worlwide to protect vulnerable patients from SARS-CoV-2 infection by promoting social distancing and an intensive vaccination strategies.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/epidemiology , Multiple Myeloma/epidemiology , Adult , Female , Global Health/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Revue d'Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique ; 69:S56, 2021.
Article in French | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-1240590

ABSTRACT

Introduction Dans le but de réduire le nombre de personnes infectées par la COVID-19, plusieurs pays ont mis en œuvre des applications mobiles pour retracer les contacts étroits de la personne infectée par le SARS-CoV-2. Cependant, cette approche nécessite une large adhésion de la population pour être efficace. Cependant, depuis mars, de telles applications n’ont été installées que par 9,3 % des personnes dans le monde. Nos objectifs étaient d’estimer, en France, l’acceptabilité d’une application utilisant les téléphones mobiles pour retracer les contacts étroits entre les personnes lors d’épidémies, et les barrières potentielles à son utilisation. Méthodes Nos données ont été collectées parallèlement à l’enquête « Health Literacy Survey 2019 » réalisée en ligne auprès de 1003 français deux semaines après la fin du premier confinement en France (du 27 mai au 5 juin 2020). Les données utilisées étaient les caractéristiques sociodémographiques, la littératie en santé, la confiance dans les institutions et les connaissances sur la COVID-19 et les comportements préventifs. L’acceptabilité d’une application mobile de traçage a été mesurée par le biais d’une question ad hoc, dont les réponses ont été regroupées en trois modalités : App-partisan, App-favorable et App-réticent. Résultats Seulement 19,2 % étaient des partisans de l’application tandis que la moitié des participants (50,3 %) étaient réticents. Les facteurs associés à la non-réticence (App-adepte, App-favorable) étaient : l‘absence de difficultés financières et l’utilité perçue d’applications mobiles pour envoyer des questionnaires de santé aux médecins. L’âge de plus de 60 ans, la confiance dans les représentants politiques, les préoccupations envers la situation pandémique et des connaissances adéquates sur la transmission du SARS-CoV-2 augmentaient la probabilité d’adhérer complétement à l’application de traçage. Conclusion Les personnes les plus démunies, connues pour être plus à risque d’être atteintes par la COVID-19, sont également les plus réticentes à utiliser une application de traçage des contacts. Par conséquent, une adhésion optimale nécessite de mieux comprendre ces réticences et de larges campagnes de sensibilisation, proposant un discours rationalisé sur les avantages de santé publique d’adopter une telle application.

6.
Aging ; 13:02, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1115593

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Centenarians are known to be successful agers compared to other older adults. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to compare coronavirus disease (COVID-19) symptoms and outcomes in centenarians and other residents living in nursing homes. Design-Setting-Subjects-Methods: A retrospective multicenter cohort study was conducted using data from 15 nursing homes in the Marseille area. Older residents with confirmed COVID-19 between March and June 2020 were enrolled. The clinical and biological characteristics, the treatment measures, and the outcomes in residents living in these nursing homes were collected from the medical records. RESULTS: A total of 321 residents were diagnosed with COVID-19 including 12 centenarians. The median age was 101 years in centenarians and 89 years in other residents. The most common symptoms were asthenia and fever. Three centenarians (25%) experienced a worsening of pre-existing depression (vs. 5.5% of younger residents;p = 0.032). Mortality was significantly higher in centenarians than in younger residents (50% vs. 21.3%, respectively;p = 0.031). A quarter of the younger residents and only one centenarian were hospitalized. However, 33.3% of the centenarians received treatment within the context of home hospitalization. CONCLUSION: Worsening of pre-existing depression seems to be more frequent in centenarians with COVID-19 in nursing homes. This population had a higher mortality rate but a lower hospitalization rate than younger residents.

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