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J Med Case Rep ; 15(1): 587, 2021 Dec 13.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1571927


BACKGROUND: Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome is an exceedingly rare thrombotic microangiopathy caused by accelerated activation of the alternative complement pathway. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report two cases of patients presenting with suspected atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome precipitated by coronavirus disease 2019 infection. The first patient, a 25-year-old Hispanic male, had one prior episode of thrombotic microangiopathy presumed to be atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome precipitated by influenza A, and re-presented with thrombocytopenia, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, nonoliguric renal failure, and normal ADAMTS13 activity, with confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 positivity. The second patient, a 31-year-old Caucasian female, had no personal history of thrombotic microangiopathy, though reported a family history of suspected atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome. She presented with similar laboratory derangements, oliguric renal failure requiring hemodialysis, and confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 positivity. Both patients were treated with eculizumab with complete resolution of their hematologic and renal complications. CONCLUSION: To our knowledge, this represents the largest case series of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome precipitated by coronavirus disease 2019 in adults.

Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome , COVID-19 , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic , Thrombotic Microangiopathies , Adult , Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome/diagnosis , Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Male , SARS-CoV-2
Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program ; 2021(1): 621-627, 2021 12 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1566500


Early in the pandemic, COVID-19-related increases in rates of venous and arterial thromboembolism were seen. Many observational studies suggested a benefit of prophylactic anticoagulation for hospitalized patients using various dosing strategies. Randomized trials were initiated to compare the efficacy of these different options in acutely ill and critically ill inpatients as the concept of immune-mediated inflammatory microthrombosis emerged. We present a case-based review of how we approach thromboembolic prophylaxis in COVID-19 and briefly discuss the epidemiology, the pathophysiology, and the rare occurrence of vaccine-induced thrombotic thrombocytopenia.

COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , COVID-19/complications , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/etiology , Thrombosis/etiology , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Blood Coagulation/drug effects , COVID-19/blood , Critical Illness , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/blood , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/drug therapy , Risk Factors , Thrombosis/blood , Thrombosis/drug therapy