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Neuroimmunology Reports ; 2:100089-100089, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1782186


Background Many central and peripheral nervous system complications, following COVID-19 vaccination, have been described. We report an unusual case of central demyelinating disorder, following the administration of the ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 SARS-CoV-2 (COVISHIELD™) vaccine. Case-report The 28-year female developed sudden onset headache followed by weakness of the left upper and lower limbs, and gait ataxia. Neurological symptoms developed two weeks after administration of the first dose of the ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 SARS-CoV-2 (COVISHIELD™) vaccine. Magnetic resonance imaging brain revealed T2/FLAIR hyperintense lesions involving bilateral subcortical white matter, splenium of the corpus callosum, and both cerebellar hemispheres. Few lesions showed blooming on gradient echo sequence suggestive of a hemorrhagic component. Post-contrast T1 images showed mild enhancement of demyelinating lesions. The patient was treated intravenously with methylprednisolone. After 12 weeks of follow-up, there was a substantial improvement in her symptoms. She became independent in all her activities of daily living. Conclusion In conclusion, this is an unusual case of acute hemorrhagic leukoencephalitis following ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 SARS-CoV-2 (COVISHIELD™) vaccination.

Neurol India ; 70(1): 409-411, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1726256


Background: Postmarketing surveillance of COVID-19 vaccination reveals that the COVID-19 vaccine administration is associated with several rare but serious neurological complications. Case Report: We report a case of new-onset tumefactive demyelinating brain lesion that developed after administration of an adenovector-based COVID-19 vaccine. A middle-aged female presented with recent right hemiparesis, which was noticed 2 days after she received the first dose of the vaccine. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a large subcortical T2/FLAIR hyperintensities involving corpus callosum as well. The patient responded to oral methylprednisolone. At 4 weeks, a follow-up MRI revealed a reduction in size of the lesion. Conclusion: To conclude, adenovector-based COVID-19 vaccination may be associated with a tumefactive demyelinating lesion.

COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Demyelinating Diseases/chemically induced , Adenoviridae , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Brain/pathology , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Corpus Callosum/diagnostic imaging , Corpus Callosum/pathology , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2
J Craniofac Surg ; 33(1): 139-141, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1406519


PURPOSE: Since the beginning of the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic in early March, there has been a push to expand virtual patient care visits instead of in-person clinic visits. Studies have found that telemedicine can provide efficient triaging, reduction in emergency room visits, and conservation of health care resources and personnel. Although virtual patient care has been implicated in providing similar outcomes to traditional face-to-face care in patients affected with coronavirus disease 2019, there are a lack of studies on the effectiveness of virtual care visits (VCVs) for patients with craniosynostosis or deformational plagiocephaly. This study aims to develop an understanding of whether physicians can accurately diagnose pediatric patients with craniosynostosis or deformational plagiocephaly via VCVs, and whether they can determine if affected patients will benefit from helmet correction or if surgical treatment is required. METHODS: An Institutional Review Board-approved retrospective chart analysis over a 4-month period (March 1, 2020 to June 30, 2020) was performed analyzing all pediatric patients (<18 years old) who underwent virtual care calls for diagnosis and treatment of abnormal head shape. Patients were referred to UT Physicians Pediatric Surgery clinic for evaluation by a member of the Texas Cleft-Craniofacial Team (2 surgeons or 1 physician's assistant). Variables such as patient demographics, diagnosis, and need for confirmation were pulled and recorded from Allscripts Electronic Medical Records software. RESULTS: Thirty-five patients were identified who fit our search criteria. Out of these patients, eleven (31.43%) cases were diagnosed with craniosynostosis, twenty-two (62.86%) cases were diagnosed with deformational plagiocephaly, and 2 (5.71%) cases were diagnosed as being normocephalic. Median age at virtual care evaluation was 14.10 months (Interquartile Range [IQR] 5.729, 27.542) for patients diagnosed with craniosynostosis and 6.51 months (IQR 4.669, 7.068) for patients diagnosed with deformational plagiocephaly. All eleven (100%) patients diagnosed with craniosynostosis were referred for a confirmatory computed tomography scan before undergoing surgical intervention and saw an alleviation in head shape postoperatively. Eighteen (81.82%) of patients diagnosed with deformational plagiocephaly were recommended to undergo conservative treatment and the remaining 4 (18.18%) were recommended for helmet therapy. Two cases were unable to be diagnosed virtually. These patients needed a follow-up visit in person to establish a diagnosis and plan of treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Virtual care visits are increasing in frequency and this includes consultations for abnormal head shapes. Our experience demonstrates that the majority of patients can be evaluated safely in this modality, with only 5.71% requiring additional imaging or in-person visits to confirm the diagnosis. Our study underscores the feasibility of virtually diagnosing and recommending a plan for treatment in pediatric patients with abnormal head shapes. This information can be implemented to further our knowledge on the accuracy of diagnosis and treatment options for patients with craniosynostosis and deformational plagiocephaly. Further analyses are needed to quantify the financial and patient-reported outcomes of VCVs for these patients.

COVID-19 , Craniosynostoses , Plagiocephaly, Nonsynostotic , Telemedicine , Adolescent , Child , Humans , Infant , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2