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2.
European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; 49(SUPPL 1):S155-S155, 2022.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-2083393
3.
European psychiatry : the journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists ; 64(Suppl 1):S270-S270, 2021.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2073810

ABSTRACT

Introduction Pregnancy is a special risk factor for suicide attempts among females (Andrew E. Czeizel et al. 2011). Situational factors such as the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) have also been reported to impact on individual’s mental health. Objectives Examine the effect of COVID-19 and its association with mental health and attempt suicide risk in pregnant population. Methods A cross-sectional study that includes 113 pregnant women from Spain, through an anonymous, voluntary and multiple response type online survey which included questions about socio demographic aspects, COVID-19’s aspects and mental health. Results Of the 112 pregnant patients surveyed, only 2 reported suicidal ideation. The age of the respondents was 32 and 33 years, both of whom were in the 2nd trimester of pregnancy. Both report that it was the first pregnancy and affirm a worsening of their economic situation since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. One of them did not have a partner / marriage and was living with a relative, in turn this respondent was unemployed. Both responded that they were “always” worried about the possible outcome of the COVID-19 pandemic and that their fears had increased, being difficult to control and let them pass. It is very relevant that both agree that they “never” felt that the professionals who carried out the pregnancy controls asked or inquired about their current state of mental health. Conclusions Antepartum suicidal ideation is an important and common complication of pregnancy, specially in COVID-19’s times, healthcare professionals who follow pregnancy should detect high-risk suicidal patients and be able to carry out a suicide prevention program.

4.
European psychiatry : the journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists ; 65(Suppl 1):S530-S530, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2073109

ABSTRACT

Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic generated a health emergency and led to the adoption of different measures, including home quarantine and social isolation, which, as we have seen, has had an impact on the mental health of the majority of citizens, with the possibility of psychiatric disorders appearing. in people without prior mental illness, such as acute decompensations in patients with known disorders, more vulnerable to environmental stressors. Objectives Learn and rethink alarm signals in extreme situations such as the one experienced in recent months, as well as observe the impact, negative in many cases, but positive in others, of the patients we treat daily. Methods Description through brief clinical cases of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on psychotic patients and the decompensation that it has entailed, including due to confinement measures and social isolation, associated with over-information through the media, chaos initial and the uncertainty that it caused and the associated fear. Results Restrictions as a result of COVID-19 have played a very relevant role as an external stressor for the appearance of psychopathological alterations, including psychotic symptoms. In addition, people who suffer from psychosis or at risk of psychotic disorder can be especially affected and trigger acute psychopathology with social isolation, loss of daily routines, unemployment, homelessness. Conclusions These cases are an example that shows the need for an early and effective approach to the rise in mental illnesses in circumstances of this caliber. Disclosure No significant relationships.

5.
European psychiatry : the journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists ; 64(Suppl 1):S270-S270, 2021.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2072790

ABSTRACT

Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic presents symptomatic heterogeneity, so the differential diagnosis is even more relevant and more in patients with mental disorders. COVID-19 is a new disease that is under study and affects people over 65 with the greatest severity worldwide. The most frequent psychiatric symptoms are behavioral disturbances and confusional syndrome among those affected. Objectives The objective is to demonstrate the importance of differential diagnosis in patients with psychiatric symptoms and covid-19. Methods Patients aged 71 and 77, admitted to psychiatry. They present drowsiness that alternates with episodes of psychomotor agitation in which they verbalize fear of the coronavirus. Personal history: bipolar disorder and schizoaffective disorder. Psychopathological exploration: Spatial-temporal disorientation, uncooperative, fluctuating state of consciousness, verborrheic, salty and incoherent speech at times. Dysphoric mood. Psychomotor restlessness predominantly at night, verbal heteroaggressiveness. Negative to ingestion due to odynophagia. Sensory-perceptual alterations and nihilistic delusions “the virus has killed me, I’m already dead.” Upon admission, they present a cough and fever and are treated with azithromycin and dexamethasone for suspected COVID-19. Complementary tests: chest X-ray bilateral pleural effusion. Cranial CT: Diffuse cortical and subcortical brain parenchyma retraction pattern. PCR positive coronavirus. Results After overcoming the infection and with psychopharmacological treatment the confusional syndrome remitted. Conclusions Confusional syndrome can present with different psychiatric symptoms, so the differential diagnosis is very important and even more so in patients older than 65 years who present somatic pathologies or acute infections. The differential diagnosis of confusional syndrome is key to adequate treatment and favor the prognosis.

6.
European psychiatry : the journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists ; 65(Suppl 1):S263-S264, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2072722

ABSTRACT

Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic has positioned health professionals around the world in an unprecedented situation, having to work in extreme conditions. The reactions of healthcare personnel that concern us most are the negative psychological effects of the pandemic, such as exhaustion, moral injury, acute stress reactions, anxiety, depression or post- traumatic stress disorder. Objectives To assess the impact of the COVID19 crisis on mental health of Spanish health professionals during the start of the pandemic. Methods A descriptive, cross-sectional study is carried out, in which the population sample to be studied was the health professionals who responded to the online questionnaire designed to assess the emotional impact caused by the COVID-19 health crisis. The questionnaire collects sociodemographic and labor data, which correspond to the independent variables of the study. The dependent variables correspond to the two scales used in the questionnaire (SAS and SASRQ scales) Results The population sample was 473 people. Analyzing the results of the SAS scale, 26.5% of the sample had anxiety symptoms in a normal range, 44.3% had mild-moderate anxiety levels, 24.4% marked-severe anxiety and 4, 9% had extreme anxiety levels. The SARQ questionnaire assesses the presence of an acute stress disorder. In our study, 31.6% of those surveyed had this type of disorder. Conclusions Immediate interventions and support for health professionals are essential to improve psychological resilience and avoid the appearance of mental health problems. Disclosure No significant relationships.

8.
Revista Espanola de Salud Publica ; 96:07, 2022.
Article in Spanish | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2058413

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Unhealthy diet is the main contributor to childhood obesity. The aim of this study was to assess adherence to the mediterranean diet in a sample of adolescents and analyse adherence-related factors. METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study (June-October 2020), in a non-probabilistic sample of 473 patients with Substance Use Disorder, from the 8 Addiction Care Centers (CAD) of the Madrid City Council. Their demographic, habits and health characteristics, IgM and IgG for SARS-CoV-2, previous PCR, presence of symptoms, contact with COVID-19 cases were described, and multivariate analysis was performed using binary logistic regression. RESULTS: A total of 64.3% of participants displayed a medium level and 21.3% a high level of adherence to the mediterranean diet. High adherence was less frequent among teenage girls (17% [PR=0.63;p=0.02]), those whose mothers had not gone beyond primary school (16.3% [PR=0.58;p=0.07]), those who slept less than 8.5 h/day (16.8% [PR=0.54;p<0.01]), and those who used a mobile telephone for more than 2.6 hours per day (12.2% [PR=0.56;p=0.02]). CONCLUSIONS: Adherence to the mediterranean diet is less than optimum in four out of five adolescents, and is lower in teenage girls whose mothers had not gone beyond primary school or who devote more time to mobile telephones and less time to sleeping. Our results highlight the importance of paying attention to sleeping habits and reducing the use of screens when seeking to improve mediterranean diet adherence among adolescents.

9.
Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology ; 60(Suppl 1):225-226, 2022.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2058385
10.
European psychiatry : the journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists ; 64(Suppl 1):S295-S296, 2021.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-2046800

ABSTRACT

Introduction Cyberchondria involves excessive and uncontrollable online searching of information about a perceived illness. This behavior can cause or maintain distress. Objectives Little is known about cyberchondria during the COVID-19 pandemic or how cyberchondria in one individual may cause distress in their significant other if they are self-isolating together;our study sought to fill these gaps. Methods We conducted a Qualtrics Panel survey with 760 cohabitating Canadian couples;in June 2020, participants retrospectively reported on their cyberchondria behavior, general anxiety, and COVID-19 fears during the month of April 2020, while adhering to stay-at-home advisories. Two separate actor-partner interdependence models (APIMs) used cyberchondria excessiveness and compulsion to predict generalized anxiety and COVID-19 danger/contamination fears in the actor and partner. Results Both cyberchondria excessiveness and compulsion were associated with higher general anxiety and higher COVID-19 danger/contamination fears in the individual (actor effects). Partner cyberchondria compulsion was associated with higher general anxiety in the individual whereas partner cyberchondria excessiveness was associated with higher COVID-19 danger/contamination fears in the individual (partner effects). Conclusions Findings suggest that excessive and uncontrollable searching of information about COVID-19 on the internet during lockdown may contribute to distress in both the individual engaging in the cyberchondria behavior, and in their romantic partner. Moreover, different aspects of cyberchondria in the partner (compulsion vs. excessiveness) appears to contribute to general vs. COVID-19-specific anxiety/fears in the partner, respectively. Future research should examine mechanisms underlying the observed partner effects (e.g., co-rumination, social contagion) and reasons for the differential partner effects of cyberchondria components.

11.
Index de Enfermeria ; 31(3), 2022.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2046558

ABSTRACT

Objective: Describe the image of nursing during the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic through the generalist and specialized written press. Methods: Descriptive qualitative documentary study, analysis carried out under Moscovici's theory. 95 news items published from March 15 to May 15 were selected. Articles that made specific references to nurses or dealt with health personnel in general were discarded. In a second selection phase, 36 news from the general press and 40 from the specialized press were included for the analysis. Data were extracted taking into account 8 indicators: verbal language, images, degree of importance and dissemination of the information, scope, people involved, why the information transcends, identification of judgments by the authors and elements of social construction. Results: General press: 94.5% journalistic language compared to 5.5% scientific-informative. Majority use of masculine, focused on care activity. The main emerging categories were: field of work/profession (43.75%), context/environment (34.71%), emotions (13.88%) and knowledge patterns (7.64%). Conclusions: The news published in the general press incorporates a reductionist view of the nurse regarding their professional performance, although they give it great social value. It is necessary to achieve recognition of the autonomous role as well as the visibility of all fields of action. It is evidenced as a necessary resource, as well as scarce, for the viability of the health system and the care of the population. © 2022, Fundacion Index. All rights reserved.

12.
Revista de Filosofia (Venezuela) ; 39(102):363-375, 2022.
Article in Spanish | Scopus | ID: covidwho-2030258

ABSTRACT

The article will analyze the main conceptual outlines of the right to suffrage. To this end, two different perspectives will be addressed: an international perspective and a constitutional one, which, according to the Peruvian legal system, is the basis of the referred right, both in its political and philosophical dimension, besides being an elemental part of the rights of citizen participation. In view of this, we will question the legal, philosophical and ethical aspects of Supreme Decree 041-2022-PCM, where the National Office of Electoral Processes restricts the fundamental right to vote to voters for not having the three doses of regulatory vaccination for Covid-19. This is a reality that affects the Regional and Municipal Elections of 2022 and the free and democratic exercise of citizen power. Faced with this scenario, philosophical theories regarding the restrictions of fundamental rights, argue that these rights are not always absolute, and through the application of the principle of proportionality in the strict sense, their limitation may be allowed, and in turn, considering that the implementation of the vaccine against Covid-19 in our country is of free and voluntary access. © 2022, Universidad del Zulia. All rights reserved.

13.
Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology ; 60(S1):225-226, 2022.
Article in English | ProQuest Central | ID: covidwho-2027424
14.
PLoS Global Public Health ; 2(6), 2022.
Article in English | CAB Abstracts | ID: covidwho-2021483

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 pandemic has affected millions of people around the world. In Colombia, 1.65 million cases and 43,495 deaths were reported in 2020. Schools were closed in many places around the world to slow down the spread of SARS-CoV-2. In Bogota', Colombia, most of the public schools were closed from March 2020 until the end of the year. School closures can exacerbate poverty, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. To reconcile these two priorities in health and fighting poverty, we estimated the impact of school reopening for in-person instruction in 2021. We used an agent-based model of SARS-CoV- 2 transmission calibrated to the daily number of deaths. The model includes schools that represent private and public schools in terms of age, enrollment, location, and size. We simulated school reopening at different capacities, assuming a high level of face-mask use, and evaluated the impact on the number of deaths in the city. We also evaluated the impact of reopening schools based on grade and multidimensional poverty index. We found that school at 35% capacity, assuming face-mask adherence at 75% in>8 years of age, had a small impact on the number of deaths reported in the city during a third wave. The increase in deaths was smallest when only pre-kinder was opened, and largest when secondary school was opened. At larger capacities, the impact on the number of deaths of opening pre-kinder was below 10%. In contrast, reopening other grades above 50% capacity substantially increased the number of deaths. Reopening schools based on their multidimensional poverty index resulted in a similar impact, irrespective of the level of poverty of the schools that were reopened. The impact of schools reopening was lower for pre-kinder grades and the magnitude of additional deaths associated with school reopening can be minimized by adjusting capacity in older grades.

15.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 298: 142-146, 2022 Aug 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2022609

ABSTRACT

Teleconsultation has become a new means of using care which has taken off significantly since the COVID crisis, The pooling of the technological environment within the TC makes it possible to set up practice reviews by reusing the data collected. Our aim was to evaluate the relevance of antibiotic therapy during teleconsultations carried out on the national teleconsultation platform "Qare" in 4 common infections. 143,428 TCs with structured prescriptions were analyzed, with an appropriate prescription in more than 82% of cases, higher than in the literature. The use of data makes it possible to quickly assess practices and inform doctors to improve their practices.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Physicians , Remote Consultation , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/drug therapy , Humans , Prescriptions
17.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases ; 81:1701, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2009140

ABSTRACT

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic continues worldwide and has had a strong impact on public health. As the pandemic evolves, efforts have been inten-sifed to identify persistent symptoms associated with the infection once resolved have intensifed. Objectives: We aimed to describe persistent symptoms and sequelae in patients with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMD) after admission due to Covid-19. We also compared the role of autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARD) with that of non-autoimmune rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (NARD) in persistent symptoms and sequelae. Methods: We performed an observational study of patients with RMD who attended a rheumatology outpatient clinic in Madrid and required admission to hospital due to Covid-19 (1st March-30th May 2020) and survived. The study began at discharge and ran until 1st October 2020. The main outcomes were persistence of symptoms and sequelae related to Covid19. The independent variable was the RMD group (ARD and NARD). The covariates were sociode-mographic data, clinical fndings, and treatment. We ran a multivariate logistic regression model to assess the risk of the main outcomes by RMD group. Results: We included 105 patients, of whom 51.5% had ARD and 68.57% reported at least 1 persistent symptom. The most frequent were dyspnea, fatigue, and chest pain. Sequelae were recorded in 31 patients. These included lung damage in 10.4% of patients, lymphopenia in 10%, central retinal vein occlusion (1 patient), and optic neuritis (1 patient). Two patients died. Eleven patients required readmission owing to Covid-19 problems (16.7% ARD vs 3.9% NARD;p=0.053). No statistically signifcant differences were found between RMD groups in the fnal models. Conclusion: Many RMD patients have persistent symptoms, as in other populations. Lung damage is the most frequent sequela. Compared to NARD patients, ARD patients do not seem to differ in terms of persistent symptoms or sequelae, although ARD patients might generate more readmissions due to Covid-19.

18.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases ; 81:1678-1679, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2008978

ABSTRACT

Background: According to the literature patients with autoimmune diseases (AID) have a high risk of develop serious infections due to the use of immunosuppressive treatment. In published clinical trials neither the risk nor the severity of COVID-19 infection in patients with AID seem to be higher than in the general population. Objectives: The objective of our study is to analyse the clinical course in patients with AID undergoing immunosuppressive treatments and infected by COVID-19. Methods: Patients were included after reviewing four rheumatology outpatient clinics from Ciudad Real University General Hospital between November 2020 and February 2021. The inclusion criteria were being older than 18 years and being positive for COVID-19 by epidemiological (positive molecular and/or antigen test) or clinical criteria (symptoms compatible between March and May 2020). We collected demographic data, cardiovascular comorbidities, AID, treatment with synthetic or biological DMARDs, immunomodulators or glucocor-ticoids;and progression of infection COVID-19. Results: We found a total of 210 patients that had suffered from SARS-COV2 of which 95 patients were affected by AID. The most prevalent pathology in our sample was spondylarthritis followed by arthritis rheumatoid and systemic lupus ery-thematosus of which 81.82%, 100% and one 92.86% respectively were receiving treatment to control the disease. Among the 95 patients suffering from COVID and AID a small number of patients did not follow any immunosuppressive treatment regimen (n=25) but most of our patients were undergoing immunosuppressors (n=70);the most used drugs were prednisone and methotrexate. No statistically signifcant differences were found between the treated versus untreated group in the studied variables, being similar the results relative to mean age, sex, presence of cardiovascular risk factors, absence of symptoms, number of admissions to hospital ward or in Intensive Care Unit, or complications during COVID-19 infection (Table 1). Conclusion: Patients treated with synthetic or biologicals DMARDs, immunomodulators or glucocorticoids do not seem have a higher rate of death or hospital admission respect to patients diagnosed of AID without such treatments.

19.
Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases ; 81:929, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2008840

ABSTRACT

Background: Patients with rheumatic diseases (RD) have been excluded from SARS-CoV-2 vaccine trials, though data appear to show safety and efficacy, mostly evidence remains in mRNA vaccines. In our country, adenovirus-vector, inactivated and heterologous scheme vaccines are frequently used. Objectives: To describe the safety of SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in patients with RD from the national registry SAR-CoVAC and to assess sociodemographic and clinical factors associated to AE and disease fares after vaccination. Methods: Adult patients with RD who have been vaccinated for SARS-CoV-2 from de Argentine Society of Rheumatology Vaccine Registry (SAR-CoVAC) were consecutively included between June 1st and December 21st, 2021, This is a national multicentric observational registry that includes patients that have received at least one dose of any SARS-CoV-2 available vaccines in Argentina. Data is voluntarily collected by the treating physician. Naranjo scale was use to assess the association between the AE and vaccination. Homologous and heterologous schedules were defned according to whether both vaccines received were the same or different, respectively. Descriptive statics, Chi2 test, Fischer test, T test, ANOVA and multivariate regression logistic model were used. Results: A total of 1679 patients, with 2795 SARS-CoV-2 vaccine doses were included. Vaccines more frequently used were: Gam-COVID-Vac (1227 doses, 44%), ChAdOx1 nCov-19 (872 doses, 31%), BBIBP-CorV (482 doses, 17%) and mRAN-1273 (172 doses, 6%). Altogether, 510 EA were experienced by 449 (27%) patients. Pseudo-fu syndrome was the most frequent (11%), followed by injection site reaction (7%). They were signifcantly more frequent after the frst dose in comparison to the second one (13% vs 7% and 9% vs 5%, respectively, p<0.001 in both cases). All were mild or moderate and no patient was hospitalized due to an AE. One case of moderate anaphylaxis was reported by a patient who received Gam-COVID-Vac. No cases of vaccine-induced thrombotic thrombocytopenia were observed. There were 25 disease fares reported, 17 (68%) cases of arthritis. Among patients with two doses, those with heterol-ogous schedule presented AE more frequent after the second dose (39% vs 17%).Total incidence of EA was 182.5 events/10 00 doses, it was signifcantly lower for BBIBP-CorV (105.9 events/1000 dosis, p<0.002 for all cases). The higher incidence of AE was observed for mRAN-1273 (261.6 events/1000 doses) and ChAdOx1 nCov-19 (232.8 events/1000 doses). Patients with AE were younger [mean 55 years (SD 14) vs 59 years (SD 14), p <0.010], not Caucasian ethnicity [48% vs 35%, p<0.001], had higher education level [mean 13.8 years (SD 4) vs 11.9 years (SD 5), p<0.001], were more frequently employed [54% vs 44%, p<0.001], lived mostly in urban area [99% vs 95% p <0.001, had more frequently dyslipidemia [38% vs 28% p 0.012], and less frequently arterial hypertension [49% vs 65%, p<0.001]. Systemic lupus erythematosus [11% vs 7%, p=0.039] and Sjögren syndrome [6% vs 1.8%, p<0.001] were more frequent among them, while non infammatory diseases were less prevalent [19% vs 31%, p<0.001]. They were taking steroids [24 vs 18%, p=0.007], antimalarials [17% vs 10%, p<0.001] and methotrexate [41% vs 31%, p <0.001] more frequently. In the multivariable analysis, mRAN-1273 and ChAdOx1 nCov-19 were associated with AE, while BBIBP-CorV with lower probability of having one. (Figure 1) Conclusion: The incidence of AE was 1825 events/1000 doses, were signif-cantly higher for mRAN-1273 and ChAdOx1 nCov-19 and lower for BBIBP-CorV. Most common AE was pseudo-fu syndrome. Female sex, being younger, higher education level, ChAdOx1 nCov-19 and mRAN-1273 vaccines, the use of meth-otrexate and antimalarials were related of EA in patients with RD.

20.
Revista Colombiana de Reumatologia ; 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1996516

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation, causing pain and stiffness in the joints. SARS-CoV-2 increases the clinical vulnerability of the population with RA and has led to the implementation and/or development of telemedicine. Objective: To describe changes in level of therapeutic adherence, quality of life and capacity for self-care agency, during the follow-up period of a group of patients linked to a non-face-to-face multidisciplinary consultation model during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Methodology: Descriptive cohort study (July to October 2020). Description of the level of therapeutic adherence (Morisky Green Test), quality of life (EuroQOL-5-Dimensions-3-Level-version) and self-care capacity (ASA-R Scale) in the context of a telehealth model. A univariate and bivariate analysis was performed (Stata Software, Considered p-value <.05) Results: Of 71 patients treated under the telehealth model, 85.9% were women, the age range was between 33 and 86 years with a median of 63. The most prevalent comorbidity was arterial hypertension (35.2%). Quality of life did not change during follow-up nor did adherence to treatment, apart from in one item [the patients did not stop taking the medication when they were well (P=.029)]. In self-care capacity, there were significant improvements in five dimensions (P<.05), without significant differences in the global score. Conclusion: Patients with RA evaluated in the context of telehealth in a period of pandemic did not present significant changes in quality of life, adherence to treatment, or capacity for self-care, and remained close to baseline values when they attended a traditional face-to-face assessment.

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