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Multiple Sclerosis Journal ; 27(2 SUPPL):271-272, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1496034


Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on research and health care in MS. This study-within-atrial (SWAT) takes place within a host trial investigating the feasibility of the Cognitive-Occupation-Based programme for people with MS (COB-MS) that was originally designed to be delivered in-person but was amended to an online environment. As such, reliable remote cognitive testing could provide safer and more convenient care for MS patients. Aims: The SWAT examines the reliability of delivering the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for MS (BICAMS) and the Trail-Making Test (TMT) remotely to people with MS. Objectives: Performance on BICAMS measures and the TMT administered remotely are compared with performance on tests administered in-person. BICAMS measures include the California Verbal Learning Test, Second Edition (CVLT-II), the Symbol Digit Modality Test (SDMT) and the Brief Visuospatial Memory Test-Revised (BVMT-R). Method: Independent samples t-tests were conducted on a sample of 68 participants to investigate differences in performance between Group 1 (11 males, 23 females), who were visited by a research assistant in their homes before the pandemic and Group 2 (10 males, 24 females) who received online testing only via teleconference platform Zoom. Within-group differences for Group 1 who also received virtual testing after a six-month interval were also examined. Results: The analysis revealed no significant differences in scores between virtual and in-person administrations of the CVLT-II, TMT and SDMT. Strong positive correlations were found for inperson and virtual tests within Group 1 after a six-month interval on the CVLT-II, SDMT, TMT-A and TMT-B. BVMT-R scores were significantly higher for virtual testing (M = 20.59, SD = 6.65) compared to in-person testing (M = 16.35, SD = 6.05). However, this discrepancy may be attributed to inter-rater differences, rather than enhanced performance for online testing. In-person and virtual assessments within Group 1 were also strongly correlated (r = .72). Conclusions: The findings support the reliability of remote administration of BICAMS and the TMT in people living with MS.

Non-conventional in English | Homeland Security Digital Library, Grey literature | ID: grc-740640


From the Executive Summary: Even before the COVID-19 [coronavirus disease 2019] pandemic, the world was living a learning crisis. Before the pandemic, 258 million children and youth of primary- and secondary-school age were out of school. And low schooling quality meant many who were in school learned too little. The Learning Poverty rate in low- and middle-income countries was 53 percent--meaning that over half of all 10-year-old children couldn't read and understand a simple age-appropriate story. Even worse, the crisis was not equally distributed: the most disadvantaged children and youth had the worst access to schooling, highest dropout rates, and the largest learning deficits. All this means that the world was already far off track for meeting Sustainable Development Goal 4, which commits all nations to ensure that, among other ambitious targets, 'all girls and boys complete free, equitable and quality primary and secondary education.' The COVID-19 pandemic now threatens to make education outcomes even worse. The pandemic has already had profound impacts on education by closing schools almost everywhere in the planet, in the largest simultaneous shock to all education systems in our lifetimes. The damage will become even more severe as the health emergency translates into a deep global recession.COVID-19 (Disease);Education