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1.
EuropePMC; 2021.
Preprint in English | EuropePMC | ID: ppcovidwho-321911

ABSTRACT

Background: Chlorine dioxide has been promoted as an alternative for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19 especially in Peru, despite the lack of evidence to support its efficacy. We aimed to evaluate the factors associated with chlorine dioxide consumption in the Peruvian population. Methods: : Analytical cross-sectional study. An adult Peruvian population was evaluated where chlorine dioxide consumption was divided into two groups according to the purpose of use: as prevention (individuals without COVID-19 history) and as treatment (individuals with COVID-19 history). The associated factors in each group were evaluated using Poisson regressions with the bootstrapping resampling method. Results: : Of 3610 participants included, 3213 reported no history of COVID-19, and 397 had been infected. The prevalence of chlorine dioxide consumption to prevent or treat COVID-19 was 8 and 16%, respectively. Factors associated with chlorine dioxide consumption for both prevention and treatment were considering COVID-19 dangerous and lethal and considering chlorine dioxide ineffective or being uninformed of its efficacy. In addition, factors associated with the use of chlorine dioxide only as a preventive were the male sex, being an adult and older adult, having a health sciences student within the family unit, using medical information as the main source of information of COVID-19, having some comorbidity, and using medications and plants for prevention of COVID-19. Conclusions: : The prevalence of chlorine dioxide consumption among the Peruvian population evaluated was high so it is important to apply information strategies, prioritizing population groups with certain characteristics that are associated with a higher consumption pattern.

2.
Rev. Cuerpo Méd. Hosp. Nac. Almanzor Aguinaga Asenjo ; 14(Supl. 1): 13-21, oct. 21, 2021.
Article in Spanish, English | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1529100

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir las prácticas de prevención y control para la infección por SARS-CoV2 en la población peruana. Material y Métodos: Estudio observacional de tipo descriptivo. Se evaluó una muestra no probabilística de adultos residentes en algún departamento de Perú. Las prácticas preventivas fueron evaluadas en personas sin antecedente de COVID-19 y las prácticas de control en personas que lo habían padecido. Resultados: Se evaluó un total de 3630 peruanos (edad media 25,4 ± 9,5) de los cuales el 3231 no indicaban el antecedente de COVID-19 y 399 refirieron haberlo padecido. Las medidas de prevención y control que se realizaron a menudo o siempre con mayor frecuencia fueron el utilizar mascarilla al salir de casa (97,9% vs 87,7), cubrirse su nariz y boca al estornudar o toser (95,4% vs 89,9%), guardar distancia de los demás en la calle (91,4% vs 74,7%), realizar el lavado de manos con agua y jabón al volver a casa (92,5% vs 88,7%), y desinfectar las superficies de objetos y lugares personales (82,6% vs 77,4%). El 22,1% y 83,7%, el 59,7% y 80,2, y el 8,0% y 16,8% consumieron algún tipo de medicamento, planta medicinal y dióxido de cloro para la prevención y control de la infección de COVID-19, respectivamente. Conclusiones: En general, menos del 50% de los participantes realizaron prácticas de prevención y control frente a la COVID-19 a menudo o siempre.


Objective: To describe prevention and control practices for SARS-CoV2 infection in the Peruvian population. Material and Methods: Observational descriptive study. A non-probabilistic sample of adults residing in a Peruvian department was evaluated. Preventive practices were evaluated in people with no history of COVID-19 and control practices in people who had had COVID-19. Results: A total of 3630 Peruvians were evaluated (mean age 25.4 ± 9.5) of whom 3231 did not indicate a history of COVID-19 and 399 reported having suffered from it. The prevention and control measures most frequently or always performed were using a mask when leaving home (97.9% vs 87.7%), covering their nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing (95.4% vs 89.9%), keeping their distance from others in the street (91.4% vs 74.7%), washing hands with soap and water when returning home (92.5% vs 88.7%), and disinfecting surfaces of objects and personal places (82.6% vs 77.4%). 22.1% and 83.7%, 59.7% and 80.2, and 8.0% and 16.8% consumed some type of medication, medicinal plant, and chlorine dioxide for prevention and control of COVID-19 infection, respectively. Conclusions: Overall, less than 50% of the participants performed prevention and control practices against COVID-19 often or always.

3.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 2109, 2021 11 17.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1523299

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Chlorine dioxide has been promoted as an alternative for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19, especially in Peru, despite the lack of evidence to support its efficacy. This study aimed to evaluate the factors associated with chlorine dioxide consumption in the Peruvian population. METHODS: Analytical cross-sectional study. An adult Peruvian population was evaluated where chlorine dioxide consumption was divided into two groups according to the purpose of use: as prevention (individuals without COVID-19 history) and as treatment (individuals with COVID-19 history). The associated factors in each group were evaluated using Poisson regressions with the bootstrapping resampling method. RESULTS: Of 3610 participants included, 3213 reported no history of COVID-19, and 397 had been infected. The prevalence of chlorine dioxide consumption to prevent or treat COVID-19 was 8 and 16%, respectively. Factors either positively or negatively associated with chlorine dioxide consumption for prevention were male sex (aPR: 1.36; 95% CI: 1.09-1.71), being an adult or older adult (aPR: 0.54; 95% CI: 0.35-0.82), having a health sciences student within the family unit (aPR: 1.38; 95% CI: 1.02-1.87), using medical information as the main source of information of COVID-19 (aPR: 0.57; 95% CI: 0.40-0.80), having comorbidities for COVID-19 (aPR: 1.36; 95% CI: 1.01-1.82), considering COVID-19 dangerous and deadly (aPR: 0.57; 95% CI: 0.45-0.74), using medications (aPR: 1.59; 95% CI: 1.25-2.06) and plants to prevent COVID-19 (aPR: 1.69; 95% CI: 1.21-2.36), considering chlorine dioxide ineffective (aPR: 0.18; 95% CI: 0.18-0.24), and being uninformed of its efficacy (aPR: 0.21; 95% CI: 0.16-0.28). In addition, factors associated with chlorine dioxide consumption for treatment were considering COVID-19 dangerous and deadly (aPR: 0.56; 95% CI: 0.33-0.96), considering chlorine dioxide ineffective (aPR: 0.22; 95% CI: 0.12-0.42), and being uninformed of its efficacy (aPR: 0.15; 95% CI: 0.07-0.32). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of chlorine dioxide consumption to treat COVID-19 was higher than prevent. It is important to apply information strategies, prioritizing population groups with certain characteristics that are associated with a higher consumption pattern.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Aged , Chlorine Compounds , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Male , Oxides , Peru/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Rev. Fac. Med. Hum ; 20(3): 494-501, Jul-Sept. 2020. tab
Article in English, Spanish | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1128329

ABSTRACT

El presente artículo busca describir las principales medidas de prevención primaria sobre el COVID-19 que recientemente está afectando a nuestro país, considerando aspectos epidemiológicos y recomendaciones aplicadas y reportadas en otros países. Los temas abordados son la prevención de los pacientes viajeros, la importancia de la higiene de manos, prevención por vía respiratoria, políticas en centros educacionales y prevención para el personal de salud. Ello obedece a la necesidad de una mejor caracterización de este nuevo problema de salud en nuestro país, para establecer políticas públicas en base a la prevención de las complicaciones de este nuevo virus, teniendo en cuenta las valoraciones basadas en evidencia científica, preventiva y social.


This article seeks to describe the main preventive measures on COVID-19 that is affecting our country, considering epidemiological aspects and recommendations applied and reported in other countries. The topics covered are the prevention of traveling patients, the importance of hand hygiene, respiratory prevention, policies in educational centers, and Prevention for healthcare personnel. This is due to the need for a better characterization of this new health problem in our country, to establish public policies based on the Prevention of complications of this new virus, taking into account assessments based on scientific, preventive and social evidence.

5.
Rev. Fac. Med. Hum ; 20(3):494-501, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), Grey literature | ID: grc-745624

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El presente artículo busca describir las principales medidas de prevención primaria sobre el 2019-nCoV o COVID-19 que recientemente está afectando a nuestro país, considerando aspectos epidemiológicos y recomendaciones aplicadas y reportadas en otros países. Los temas abordados son la prevención de los pacientes viajeros, la importancia de la higiene de manos, prevención por vía respiratoria, políticas en centros educacionales y prevención para el personal de salud. Ello obedece a la necesidad de una mejor caracterización de este nuevo problema de salud en nuestro país, para establecer políticas públicas en base a la prevención de las complicaciones de este nuevo virus, teniendo en cuenta las valoraciones basadas en evidencia científica, preventiva y social. ABSTRACT The present article aims to describe the main primary prevention measures on 2019-nCoV or COVID-19, which is recently affecting our country by considering epidemiological aspects and recommendations which were applied and reported in other countries. Topics covered are prevention of traveling patients, importance of hand hygiene, respiratory prevention, policies in educational centers and prevention for health personnel. This is due to the need for a better characterization of this new health problem in our country in order to establish public policies based on the prevention of complications from this new virus, taking into account assessments derived from scientific, preventive and social evidence.

6.
Rev. Fac. Med. Hum ; 20(3):494-501, 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-1023065

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El presente artículo busca describir las principales medidas de prevención primaria sobre el 2019-nCoV o COVID-19 que recientemente está afectando a nuestro país, considerando aspectos epidemiológicos y recomendaciones aplicadas y reportadas en otros países. Los temas abordados son la prevención de los pacientes viajeros, la importancia de la higiene de manos, prevención por vía respiratoria, políticas en centros educacionales y prevención para el personal de salud. Ello obedece a la necesidad de una mejor caracterización de este nuevo problema de salud en nuestro país, para establecer políticas públicas en base a la prevención de las complicaciones de este nuevo virus, teniendo en cuenta las valoraciones basadas en evidencia científica, preventiva y social. ABSTRACT The present article aims to describe the main primary prevention measures on 2019-nCoV or COVID-19, which is recently affecting our country by considering epidemiological aspects and recommendations which were applied and reported in other countries. Topics covered are prevention of traveling patients, importance of hand hygiene, respiratory prevention, policies in educational centers and prevention for health personnel. This is due to the need for a better characterization of this new health problem in our country in order to establish public policies based on the prevention of complications from this new virus, taking into account assessments derived from scientific, preventive and social evidence.

7.
Rev. Fac. Med. Hum ; 20(3):494-501, 2020.
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), Grey literature | ID: grc-741825

ABSTRACT

El presente artículo busca describir las principales medidas de prevención primaria sobre el COVID-19 que recientemente está afectando a nuestro país, considerando aspectos epidemiológicos y recomendaciones aplicadas y reportadas en otros países. Los temas abordados son la prevención de los pacientes viajeros, la importancia de la higiene de manos, prevención por vía respiratoria, políticas en centros educacionales y prevención para el personal de salud. Ello obedece a la necesidad de una mejor caracterización de este nuevo problema de salud en nuestro país, para establecer políticas públicas en base a la prevención de las complicaciones de este nuevo virus, teniendo en cuenta las valoraciones basadas en evidencia científica, preventiva y social. This article seeks to describe the main preventive measures on COVID-19 that is affecting our country, considering epidemiological aspects and recommendations applied and reported in other countries. The topics covered are the prevention of traveling patients, the importance of hand hygiene, respiratory prevention, policies in educational centers, and Prevention for healthcare personnel. This is due to the need for a better characterization of this new health problem in our country, to establish public policies based on the Prevention of complications of this new virus, taking into account assessments based on scientific, preventive and social evidence.

8.
Rev. Fac. Med. Hum ; 20(3): 494-501, Jul-Sept. 2020. tab
Article in English, Spanish | WHO COVID, LILACS (Americas) | ID: covidwho-846034

ABSTRACT

El presente artículo busca describir las principales medidas de prevención primaria sobre el COVID-19 que recientemente está afectando a nuestro país, considerando aspectos epidemiológicos y recomendaciones aplicadas y reportadas en otros países. Los temas abordados son la prevención de los pacientes viajeros, la importancia de la higiene de manos, prevención por vía respiratoria, políticas en centros educacionales y prevención para el personal de salud. Ello obedece a la necesidad de una mejor caracterización de este nuevo problema de salud en nuestro país, para establecer políticas públicas en base a la prevención de las complicaciones de este nuevo virus, teniendo en cuenta las valoraciones basadas en evidencia científica, preventiva y social.


This article seeks to describe the main preventive measures on COVID-19 that is affecting our country, considering epidemiological aspects and recommendations applied and reported in other countries. The topics covered are the prevention of traveling patients, the importance of hand hygiene, respiratory prevention, policies in educational centers, and Prevention for healthcare personnel. This is due to the need for a better characterization of this new health problem in our country, to establish public policies based on the Prevention of complications of this new virus, taking into account assessments based on scientific, preventive and social evidence.

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