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2.
Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation ; 36(SUPPL 1):i162, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1402449

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: COVID-19 infection is responsible for respiratory infection with variable clinical expression from its asymptomatic form to severe pneumonia associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome and death. Risk factors related to higher mortality are age over 65 years, cardiovascular, pulmonary and kidney disease, hypertension, and diabetes. There is limited scientific literature on COVID-19 infection and previous kidney disease, specifically in patients with glomerular and tubular kidney disease. The aim of this study was to determine general characteristics, analytical parameters and clinical evolution of patients with kidney disease who have undergone kidney biopsy and who presented infection or high suspicion of infection by COVID-19. Identify mortality and associated risk factors. METHOD: we studied patients with high clinical suspicion of infection or confirmed infection by COVID-19 from March 2020 to May 15, 2020 of all patients who underwent percutaneous renal biopsy at the Vall d'Hebron Hospital between January 2013 and December 2019. RESULTS: 39 of the 553 patients have been diagnosed with COVID-19 infection since March 2020. The average age was 63615 years and 48.7% were male. Hypertension was present in 79.5% of patients, chronic kidney disease without renal replacement therapy in 76.9%, and cardiovascular disease in 64.1%. Nasopharyngeal swab was performed in 26 patients;older patients (p=0.01), patients with hypertension (p=0.005), immunosuppression (p=0.01), use of RAS-blocking drugs (p=0.04) and gastrointestinal symptoms (p=0.02) were more likely to be tested for COVID-19. 22 patients required hospitalization and 15.4% died. In the bivariate analysis, mortality was associated with older age (p=0.03), cardiovascular disease (p=0.05), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (p=0.05) and low hemoglobin levels (p=0.006). Adjusted Cox regression showed that low hemoglobin levels (10.12±1.89g/dL) at admission had 1.81 greater risk of mortality [1.04-3.13;p=0.04]. CONCLUSION: Patients with COVID-19 infection and kidney disease confirmed by kidney biopsy presented mortality of 15.4%. Swab test for COVID-19 was more likely to be performed in older, hypertensive, use of RAS-blocking drugs, immunosuppressed patients and those with gastrointestinal symptoms. Low hemoglobin is a risk factor for mortality.

3.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology ; 31:283, 2020.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-984755

ABSTRACT

Background: COVID-19 is a novel coronavirus currently at the centre of a global pandemic, and patients with cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension and diabetes are at risk of a serious complication such as hospitalization and death. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) increased cardiovascular risk and >90% of CKD patients presented hypertension. The prognosis and lethality of COVID-19 in patients with biopsy-proven kidney disease has not been previously studied. Methods: Data included patients who underwent a kidney biopsy at the Vall d'Hebron Hospital between January 2013 and February 2020 with diagnostic confirmation and those with high clinical suspicion of SARS-CoV-2 infection during the period from March to May 2020. Results: Of 553 patients, 39(7%) were diagnosed with SARS-CoV2 infection. The mean age was 63.4±15 years. 48.7% were male, 31 hypertension, 19 diabetic, 12 obese and 18 patients had lung disease. The renal histological diagnosis of glomerulonephritis with extracapillary proliferation in 10.3%, allergic interstitial nephritis in 10.3 %, secondary GSFS in 8.5% and diabetic nephropathy in 10.3%. 4 patients were on hemodialysis and 6 had a kidney transplant. Creatinine before infection was 1.52mg/ dL±0,66. 17 patients were under immunosuppressive treatment (14 with prednisone, 8 mycophenolate, 6 tacrolimus, 1 rituximab). 26 patients had confirmation of SARS-CoV2 infection with RT PCR obtained from nasopharyngeal swab. 22 patients required hospital admission [average hospital stay was 16 days±11], of which 4 in the ICU and 6 (15%) died. 15 patients received lopinavir/ritornavir;23 patients, azithromycin;20 patients, hydroxychloroquine;6 patients, tocilizumab;9 patients, intravenous corticosteroids. 11 patients presented impaired renal function, of which 3 were transplanted and 8 with CKD. CKD patients under RAS blockade had less mortality than patients without RAS blockade treatment (29% vs 0%, p=0.014). Conclusions: COVID-19 was diagnosed in 7% of our CKD patients with kidney biopsy. The mortality was 15%, lower than the reported in hemodialysis patients. RAS blockade is not exerting a deleterious effect in our CKD patients with COVID-19 infection, suggesting that they should not be withdrawn.

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