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Med Care ; 59(4): 288-294, 2021 04 01.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1091180


BACKGROUND: This qualitative research explored the lived experiences of patients who experienced postponement of elective cardiac and vascular surgery due to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We know very little about patients during the novel coronavirus pandemic. Understanding the patient voice may play an important role in prioritization of postponed cases and triage moving forward. METHODS: Utilizing a hermeneutical phenomenological qualitative design, we interviewed 47 individuals who experienced a postponement of cardiac or vascular surgery due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Data were analyzed and informed by phenomenological research methods. RESULTS: Patients in our study described 3 key issues around their postponement of elective surgery. Patients described robust narratives about the meanings of their elective surgeries as the chance to "return to normal" and alleviate symptoms that impacted everyday life. Second, because of the meanings most of our patients ascribed to their surgeries, postponement often took a toll on how patients managed physical health and emotional well-being. Finally, paradoxically, many patients in our study were demonstrative that they would "rather die from a heart attack" than be exposed to the coronavirus. CONCLUSIONS: We identified several components of the patient experience, encompassing quality of life and other desired benefits of surgery, the risks of COVID, and difficulty reconciling the 2. Our study provides significant qualitative evidence to inform providers of important considerations when rescheduling the backlog of patients. The emotional and psychological distress that patients experienced due to postponement may also require additional considerations in postoperative recovery.

COVID-19/prevention & control , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures/standards , Elective Surgical Procedures/standards , Psychological Distress , Time-to-Treatment , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/epidemiology , COVID-19/psychology , COVID-19/transmission , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures/psychology , Elective Surgical Procedures/psychology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics/prevention & control , Patient Preference , Qualitative Research , Time Factors , Triage/standards
JACC Case Rep ; 2(10): 1637-1641, 2020 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-716776


Mechanical complications of acute myocardial infarction are infrequent in the modern era of primary percutaneous coronary intervention, but they are associated with high mortality rates. Papillary muscle rupture with acute severe mitral regurgitation is one such life-threatening complication that requires early detection and urgent surgical intervention. (Level of Difficulty: Beginner.).

J. Card. Surg. ; 2020.
Article in English | WHO COVID, ELSEVIER | ID: covidwho-644751


The COVID-19 pandemic has transformed cardiac surgical practices. Limitations in intensive care resources and personal protective equipment have required many practices throughout the globe to pause elective operations and now slowly resume operations. However, much of cardiac surgery is not elective and patients continue to require surgery on an urgent or emergent basis during the pandemic. This continued need for providing surgical services has introduced several unique considerations ranging from how to prioritize surgery, how to ensure safety for cardiac surgical teams, and how best to resume elective operations to ensure the safety of patients. Additionally, the COVID-19 pandemic has required a careful analysis of how best to carry out heart transplantation, extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation, and congenital heart surgery. In this review, we present the many areas of multidisciplinary consideration, and the lessons learned that have allowed us to carry out cardiac surgery with excellence during the COVID-19 pandemic. As various states experience plateaus, declines, and rises in COVID-19 cases, these considerations are particularly important for cardiac surgical programs throughout the globe.