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J Clin Med ; 11(22)2022 Nov 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2115979


Perinatal stroke is related to possible differences in predisposing factors and outcomes between acutely and retrospectively diagnosed cases. In most cases, there are different risk factors and infections that could play an important role. Thus far, different clinical manifestations have been reported in children presenting with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), ranging from asymptomatic status to severe disease sustained by an immune-mediated inflammatory response. SARS-CoV-2 has been associated with severe neurological diseases including seizures and encephalitis in both adults and children. However, there are still few reports regarding the possible relation between SARS-CoV-2 infection of mothers during pregnancy and the neurologic outcome of the newborns. We described the case of a newborn diagnosed with a perinatal stroke, born at 35 weeks of gestation from a mother presenting with SARS- CoV-2 infection during the last months of pregnancy. We also added a brief review of the literature with similar cases. Close monitoring and early intervention in young children born to infected mothers would be highly recommended for the potential neurodevelopmental risk.

Heliyon ; 7(12): e08648, 2021 Dec.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1587719


The emergency created by Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has inevitably changed human normal social and relational habits. The use of personal protective equipment, like surgical masks, by healthcare workers has been recommended to prevent human-to-human transmission of the novel coronavirus infection. However, the use of these masks could cause slight to considerable and reproducible changes in the infant's attitude towards the operator and health taker during routine clinical assessments. We reported a brief report on the impact of to the use of the surgical masks on the affective behaviour in 40 infants of age 2-9 months (study group) by using a scale to assess pain and distress among pediatric patients, the Face, Legs, Activity Cry and Consolability Scale (FLACC), and in 40 infants with the same ages and characteristics assessed before the COVID-19 pandemia onset (control group). Thirty-seven of the 40 infants in the study group had some signs of discomfort and appeared irritable and less prone to be engaged by the examiner with a different pattern of responses related to age with better responses for younger infants. These infants reported higher significant scores (p < 0.001) in the FLACC scale than those assessed before the COVID-19 onset. Infants appear to react negatively to the use of the surgical mask by the health operator. A different way to assess paediatric patients in early infancy with longitudinal studies should be proposed.

Diagnostics (Basel) ; 10(5)2020 May 07.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-197753


Severe acute respiratory syndrome-Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a novel viral infection characterized by several symptoms range from mild to severe clinical conditions that could lead to death. We report two different radiological findings on computed tomography (CT) in two patients affected by SARS-CoV-2: a lung acute embolism (APE) in the first case and a radiological picture of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in the second case. This is an important issue to be identified in order to provide more specific therapy earlier, including both antiviral and anti-inflammatory drugs associated with anti anticoagulant therapy.