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J Neurovirol ; 27(4): 644-649, 2021 08.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1338289


Among the ever-increasing literature of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), there have been reports on several complications in association with severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), such as secondary bacterial and fungal infections. We report a 61-year-old woman with a past history of diabetes mellitus who presented to our hospital suffering from COVID-19 infection. During the course of her hospitalization, the patient developed chemosis and proptosis in both eyes, ultimately leading to a diagnosis of invasive rhino-orbital-cerebral mucormycosis and cerebrovascular thrombosis. This study strengthens the possible association between the occurrence of COVID-19 and invasive mucormycosis infection, providing new impetus for further investigations to substantiate this correlation.

COVID-19/complications , Mucormycosis/complications , Brain Infarction/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus , Fatal Outcome , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Intracranial Thrombosis/etiology , Middle Aged , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/complications , Paranasal Sinus Diseases/microbiology
J Neurol ; 268(10): 3549-3560, 2021 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1092677


BACKGROUND: Since the emergence of COVID-19 pandemic, several cases of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) have been reported in SARS-CoV-2 infected individuals. METHODS: Consecutive patients with documented SARS-CoV-2 infection, as well as clinical and radiological characteristics of CVST, were reported from three teaching hospitals in the South West, North West, and the center of Iran between June and July 2020. We also searched the abstract archives until the end of August 2020 and gathered 28 reported cases. The diagnostic criteria for SARS-CoV-2 infection were determined according to SARS-CoV-2 detection in oropharyngeal or nasopharyngeal samples in clinically suspected patients. Demographics, prominent COVID-19 symptoms, confirmatory tests for SARS-CoV-2 infection diagnosis, the interval between the diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection and CVST, clinical and radiological features of CVST, therapeutic strategies, CVST outcomes, rate of hemorrhagic transformation, and mortality rate were investigated. RESULTS: Six patients (31-62 years-old) with confirmed CVST and SARS-CoV-2 infection were admitted to our centers. Four patients had no respiratory symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Five patients developed the clinical manifestations of CVST and SARS-CoV-2 infection simultaneously. Three patients had known predisposing factors for CVST. Despite receiving CVST and SARS-CoV-2 infection treatments, four patients died. SARS-COV-2 associated CVST patients were older (49.26 vs. 37.77 years-old), had lower female/male ratio (1.42 vs. 2.19), and higher mortality rate (35.29% vs. 6.07%) than CVST not associated with COVID-19. CONCLUSIONS: The role of SARS-CoV-2 as a "cause" versus an "additive contributor" remains to be elucidated. Practitioners should be aware of the possibility of CVST in SARS-CoV-2 infection.

COVID-19 , Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Research , SARS-CoV-2 , Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial/complications , Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial/diagnostic imaging , Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial/epidemiology