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Int Rev Neurobiol ; 165: 103-133, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2060258


The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) pandemic has profoundly affected the quality of life (QoL) and health of the general population globally over the past 2 years, with a clear impact on people with Parkinson's Disease (PwP, PD). Non-motor symptoms have been widely acknowledged to hold a vital part in the clinical spectrum of PD, and, although often underrecognized, they significantly contribute to patients' and their caregivers' QoL. Up to now, there have been numerous reports of newly emerging or acutely deteriorating non-motor symptoms in PwP who had been infected by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), while some of these symptoms, like fatigue, pain, depression, anxiety and cognitive impairment, have also been identified as part of the long-COVID syndrome due to their persistent nature. The subjacent mechanisms, mediating the appearance or progression of non-motor symptoms in the context of Covid-19, although probably multifactorial in origin, remain largely unknown. Such mechanisms might be, at least partly, related solely to the viral infection per se or the lifestyle changes imposed during the pandemic, as many of the non-motor symptoms seem to be prevalent even among Covid-19 patients without PD. Here, we summarize the available evidence and implications of Covid-19 in non-motor PD symptoms in the acute and chronic, if applicable, phase of the infection, with a special reference on studies of PwP.

COVID-19 , COVID-19/complications , Humans , Pandemics , Quality of Life/psychology , SARS-CoV-2 , Post-Acute COVID-19 Syndrome
Int Rev Neurobiol ; 165: 283-305, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1819417


The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) pandemic and the consequent restrictions imposed worldwide have posed an unprecedented challenge to research and training in Parkinson's disease (PD). The pandemic has caused loss of productivity, reduced access to funding, an oft-acute switch to digital platforms, and changes in daily work protocols, or even redeployment. Frequently, clinical and research appointments were suspended or changed as a solution to limit the risk of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) spread and infection, but since the care and research in the field of movement disorders had traditionally been performed at in-person settings, the repercussions of the pandemic have even been more keenly felt in these areas. In this chapter, we review the implications of this impact on neurological research and training, with an emphasis on PD, as well as highlight lessons that can be learnt from how the Covid-19 pandemic has been managed in terms of restrictions in these crucial aspects of the neurosciences. One of the solutions brought to the fore has been to replace the traditional way of performing research and training with remote, and therefore socially distanced, alternatives. However, this has introduced fresh challenges in international collaboration, contingency planning, study prioritization, safety precautions, artificial intelligence, and various forms of digital technology. Nonetheless, in the long-term, these strategies will allow us to mitigate the adverse impact on PD research and training in future crises.

COVID-19 , Parkinson Disease , Artificial Intelligence , Humans , Pandemics , Parkinson Disease/epidemiology , Parkinson Disease/therapy , SARS-CoV-2
Disaster Med Public Health Prep ; 16(3): 875-877, 2022 06.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-933589


The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic represented an unprecedented challenge for health care facilities, and innovative solutions were urgently required to overcome the high volume of critically ill infectious patients, limit in-hospital outbreaks, and limit the risk of occupational infection for health care workers (HCWs). Bergamo was the hardest-hit Italian province by COVID-19, and the local health care system had to undergo a profound and prompt reorganization. A COVID-19-only field hospital was rapidly set up meeting the standards for severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) treatment centers ( A zones partition, dedicated in-hospital pathways for HCWs, strict infection prevention and control (IPC) measures, and constant staff supervision were key components of our strategy to limit the risk of occupational infection for HCWs. Herein, we present the Bergamo field hospital layout enlightening fundamental IPC measures adopted as a valuable example of a SARI treatment center confronting COVID-19.

COVID-19 , Humans , COVID-19/epidemiology , Mobile Health Units , SARS-CoV-2 , Pandemics/prevention & control , Health Personnel