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American Journal of the Medical Sciences ; 365:S260, 2023.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2244430


Case Report: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a form of venous thromboembolism (VTE) which causes an obstruction of the pulmonary vasculature. Massive PE can be a fatal, accounting for over 100,000 death/year in the US. Incidence of PEs is increased in COVID-19 infections, due to a hypercoagulable state resulting from endothelial injury, stasis and increase in prothrombic factors. We report a case of a 48-year-old male with past medical history of mild form of COVID-19 infection approx. 6 months back. He was brought to the ED after cardiac arrest resuscitated in the ambulance. 3 days prior to the cardiac arrest he presented in the ED for nonspecific upper respiratory tract symptoms, for which he received symptomatic treatment. During that visit all the workup was negative except for sinus tachycardia. The cause of patient's cardiac arrest was found to be massive bilateral PE leading to right ventricular strain, shock, and HFrEF (20%). Our patient received thrombolytic, ECMO, thrombectomy, anticoagulation, and required complex treatment for several complication during hospitalization. Was eventually discharged home recovered. COVID-19 pandemic has been one of the worst in human history, causing millions of deaths. Symptoms of COVID-19 infection vary from mild upper respiratory disease to respiratory failure or severe VTEs. Multiple studies including a large national study in Sweden reported COVID-19 being an independent risk factor for VTEs, risk extending up to 180 days after COVID-19 infection, especially in unvaccinated population as seen in our patient. New variants of SARS-Cov 2 pose a challenge to control the spread of COVID-19 infection. As more studies support COVID-19 infection association with hypercoagulability status, varied nonspecific symptomology of PE remains a diagnostic and treatment dilemma. Physicians should have low threshold for investigating PEs in patients with unexplained sinus tachycardia or non-specific respiratory distress, especially in an unvaccinated post-COVID-19 patient, including historical mild forms of infection. Many studies have arguably advocated "treatment to prevent thrombotic events” in post COVID- 19 infection, however, vaccination remains the corner stone to reduce morbidity and mortality associated with serious thrombotic events like massive PEs in patients exposed to COVID1-19.

The American Journal of the Medical Sciences ; 365:S260, 2023.
Article in English | ScienceDirect | ID: covidwho-2211715
Journal of Investigative Medicine ; 69(2):593-593, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1117093
Journal of Investigative Medicine ; 69(2):592-593, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1117092
Journal of Investigative Medicine ; 69(2):669-669, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1117080