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1.
Vaccine ; 40(37): 5529-5536, 2022 09 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1977891

ABSTRACT

Vaccine development is a complex process, starting with selection of a promising immunogen in the discovery phase, followed by process development in the preclinical phase, and later by clinical trials in tandem with process improvements and scale up. A large suite of analytical techniques is required to gain understanding of the vaccine candidate so that a relevant immunogen is selected and subsequently manufactured consistently throughout the lifespan of the product. For viral vaccines, successful immunogen production is contingent on its maintained antigenicity and/or infectivity, as well as the ability to characterize these qualities within the context of the process, formulation, and clinical performance. In this report we show the utility of flow virometry during preclinical development of a Covid 19 vaccine candidate based on SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein expressed on vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV). Using a panel of monoclonal antibodies, we were able to detect the S protein on the surface of the recombinant VSV virus, monitor the expression levels, detect differences in the antigen based on S protein sequence and after virus inactivation, and monitor S protein stability. Collectively, flow virometry provided important data that helped to guide preclinical development of this vaccine candidate.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Antibodies, Neutralizing , Antibodies, Viral , COVID-19/prevention & control , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus
2.
Textbook of Zoonoses ; n/a(n/a):192-197, 2022.
Article in English | Wiley | ID: covidwho-1913744

ABSTRACT

Summary Coronaviruses (CoVs) are important pathogens for humans and vertebrate animals. These viruses can infect the respiratory, gastrointestinal, hepatic and central nervous system of humans, livestock, birds, bats and other wild animals. The CoVs have frequently crossed species barriers and some have emerged as important human pathogens. Bats are well adapted anatomically and physiologically to CoVs. During the twenty-first century, the world has witnessed two pandemics of coronaviruses (SARSCoV and SARS-CoV-2) and fatal sporadic outbreaks due to the emerging Middle East respiratory syndrome-CoV. Most of the coronaviruses are transmitted through respiratory droplets during coughing or sneezing. Transmission through the ocular surface is also possible. Animal CoVs have been known since the late 1930s. Various diagnostic tests are available for the detection of coronaviruses infection which is mainly based on antigen detection or specific antibody detection. During the development of a SARS-CoV-2 vaccine candidate, at the height of the COVID-19 pandemic, raw materials shortages, including chromatography resins, necessitated the determination of a cleaning in place (CIP) strategy for a multimodal core-shell resin both rapidly and efficiently. Here, we describe the deployment of high throughput (HT) techniques to screen CIP conditions for cleaning Capto? Core 700 resin exposed to clarified cell culture harvest of a SARS-CoV-2 vaccine candidate produced in Vero adherent cell culture. The best performing conditions, comprised of 30% n-propanol and ≥0.75 N NaOH, were deployed in cycling experiments, completed with miniature chromatography columns, to demonstrate their effectiveness. The success of the CIP strategy was ultimately verified at the laboratory scale. Here, its impact was assessed across the entire purification process which also included an ultrafiltration/diafiltration step. It is shown that the implementation of the CIP strategy enabled the re-use of the Capto Core 700 resin for up to ten cycles without any negative impact on the purified product. Hence, the strategic combination of HT and laboratory-scale experiments can lead rapidly to robust CIP procedures, even for a challenging to clean resin, and thus help to overcome supply shortages. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved

3.
Biotechnol J ; 17(10): e2200191, 2022 Oct.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1905797

ABSTRACT

During the development of a SARS-CoV-2 vaccine candidate, at the height of the COVID-19 pandemic, raw materials shortages, including chromatography resins, necessitated the determination of a cleaning in place (CIP) strategy for a multimodal core-shell resin both rapidly and efficiently. Here, the deployment of high throughput (HT) techniques to screen CIP conditions for cleaning Capto Core 700 resin exposed to clarified cell culture harvest (CCCH) of a SARS-CoV-2 vaccine candidate produced in Vero adherent cell culture are described. The best performing conditions, comprised of 30% n-propanol and ≥0.75 N NaOH, were deployed in cycling experiments, completed with miniature chromatography columns, to demonstrate their effectiveness. The success of the CIP strategy was ultimately verified at the laboratory scale. Here, its impact was assessed across the entire purification process which also included an ultrafiltration/diafiltration step. It is shown that the implementation of the CIP strategy enabled the re-use of the Capto Core 700 resin for up to 10 cycles without any negative impact on the purified product. Hence, the strategic combination of HT and laboratory-scale experiments can lead rapidly to robust CIP procedures, even for a challenging to clean resin, and thus help to overcome supply shortages.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , 1-Propanol , COVID-19/prevention & control , Humans , Pandemics , Regeneration , SARS-CoV-2 , Sodium Hydroxide
4.
Viruses ; 14(4)2022 03 29.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1810313

ABSTRACT

Surface plasmon resonance and biolayer interferometry are two common real-time and label-free assays that quantify binding events by providing kinetic parameters. There is increased interest in using these techniques to characterize whole virus-ligand interactions, as the methods allow for more accurate characterization than that of a viral subunit-ligand interaction. This review aims to summarize and evaluate the uses of these technologies specifically in virus-ligand and virus-like particle-ligand binding cases to guide the field towards studies that apply these robust methods for whole virus-based studies.


Subject(s)
Biosensing Techniques , Surface Plasmon Resonance , Biological Assay , Interferometry/methods , Kinetics , Ligands
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