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J Headache Pain ; 23(1): 142, 2022 Nov 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2153502


BACKGROUND: The fully human monoclonal antibody erenumab, which targets the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor, was licensed in Switzerland in July 2018 for the prophylactic treatment of migraine. To complement findings from the pivotal program, this observational study was designed to collect and evaluate clinical data on the impact of erenumab on several endpoints, such as quality of life, migraine-related impairment and treatment satisfaction in a real-world setting. METHODS: An interim analysis was conducted after all patients completed 6 months of erenumab treatment. Patients kept a headache diary and completed questionnaires at follow up visits. The overall study duration comprises 24 months. RESULTS: In total, 172 adults with chronic or episodic migraine from 19 different sites across Switzerland were enrolled to receive erenumab every 4 weeks. At baseline, patients had 16.6 ± 7.2 monthly migraine days (MMD) and 11.6 ± 7.0 acute migraine-specific medication days per month. After 6 months, erenumab treatment reduced Headache Impact Test (HIT-6™) scores by 7.7 ± 8.4 (p < 0.001), the modified Migraine Disability Assessment (mMIDAS) by 14.1 ± 17.8 (p < 0.001), MMD by 7.6 ± 7.0 (p < 0.001) and acute migraine-specific medication days per month by 6.6 ± 5.4 (p < 0.001). Erenumab also reduced the impact of migraine on social and family life, as evidenced by a reduction of Impact of Migraine on Partners and Adolescent Children (IMPAC) scores by 6.1 ± 6.7 (p < 0.001). Patients reported a mean effectiveness of 67.1, convenience of 82.4 and global satisfaction of 72.4 in the Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM-9). In total, 99 adverse events (AE) and 12 serious adverse events (SAE) were observed in 62 and 11 patients, respectively. All SAE were regarded as not related to the study medication. CONCLUSIONS: Overall quality of life improved and treatment satisfaction was rated high with erenumab treatment in real-world clinical practice. In addition, the reported impact of migraine on spouses and children of patients was reduced. TRIAL REGISTRATION: BASEC ID 2018-02,375 in the Register of All Projects in Switzerland (RAPS).

Migraine Disorders , Quality of Life , Humans , Adult , Adolescent , Child , Switzerland , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Migraine Disorders/prevention & control , Receptors, Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Headache , Delivery of Health Care
Connect Health ; 1: 7-35, 2022 Jan 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1836209


During the COVID-19 pandemic, telemedicine has emerged worldwide as an indispensable resource to improve the surveillance of patients, curb the spread of disease, facilitate timely identification and management of ill people, but, most importantly, guarantee the continuity of care of frail patients with multiple chronic diseases. Although during COVID-19 telemedicine has thrived, and its adoption has moved forward in many countries, important gaps still remain. Major issues to be addressed to enable large scale implementation of telemedicine include: (1) establishing adequate policies to legislate telemedicine, license healthcare operators, protect patients' privacy, and implement reimbursement plans; (2) creating and disseminating practical guidelines for the routine clinical use of telemedicine in different contexts; (3) increasing in the level of integration of telemedicine with traditional healthcare services; (4) improving healthcare professionals' and patients' awareness of and willingness to use telemedicine; and (5) overcoming inequalities among countries and population subgroups due to technological, infrastructural, and economic barriers. If all these requirements are met in the near future, remote management of patients will become an indispensable resource for the healthcare systems worldwide and will ultimately improve the management of patients and the quality of care.

Rev Med Suisse ; 18(764-5): 51-55, 2022 Jan 19.
Article in French | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1644191


In 2021, we assisted to the publication of new diagnostic criteria, classifications, and guidelines (CIDP, brain tumors, auto-immune encephalitis). Several studies helped to define the pharmacological management of focal and generalized epileptic seizures and epilepsy in pregnant women. The availability of biomarkers and the approval of immunotherapies are modifying the landscape of dementia management. Endovascular interventions without previous thrombolysis seems to be effective in anterior circulation acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and severe posterior circulation AIS. Neurologic complications of Sars-CoV-2 infection were further studied, as well as the efficacy of vaccines in immunosuppressed patients. New molecules and techniques show promising results for the treatment of migraine and cluster headache.

L'année 2021 a été marquée par la publication des nouveaux critères diagnostiques, classifications et guidelines (polyradiculonévrite inflammatoire démyélinisante chronique, tumeurs cérébrales, encéphalites autoimmunes). L'attitude thérapeutique dans les épilepsies focales ou généralisées et l'épilepsie chez la femme enceinte a été mieux définie. Les marqueurs biologiques et les immunothérapies modifient le paysage de la prise en charge des démences. Le traitement endovasculaire des AVC de la circulation antérieure semble efficace indépendamment d'une thrombolyse préalable, ainsi qu'en cas d'AVC sévère de la circulation postérieure. Les complications neurologiques du SARS-CoV-2 ont été éclaircies et l'efficacité des vaccins étudiée chez les patients immunosupprimés. Plusieurs nouvelles molécules et techniques montrent des résultats prometteurs pour les migraines et céphalées en grappe.

Brain Ischemia , COVID-19 , Endovascular Procedures , Epilepsy , Neurology , Stroke , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , SARS-CoV-2 , Stroke/diagnosis , Stroke/therapy
Front Neurol ; 11: 880, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-802600


Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) requires admission to intensive care (ICU) for the management of acute respiratory distress syndrome in about 5% of cases. Although our understanding of COVID-19 is still incomplete, a growing body of evidence is indicating potential direct deleterious effects on the central and peripheral nervous systems. Indeed, complex and long-lasting physical, cognitive, and functional impairments have often been observed after COVID-19. Early (defined as during and immediately after ICU discharge) rehabilitative interventions are fundamental for reducing the neurological burden of a disease that already heavily affects lung function with pulmonary fibrosis as a possible long-term consequence. In addition, ameliorating neuromuscular weakness with early rehabilitation would improve the efficiency of respiratory function as respiratory muscle atrophy worsens lung capacity. This review briefly summarizes the polymorphic burden of COVID-19 and addresses possible early interventions that could minimize the neurological and systemic impact. In fact, the benefits of early multidisciplinary rehabilitation after an ICU stay have been shown to be advantageous in several clinical conditions making an early rehabilitative approach generalizable and desirable to physicians from a wide range of different specialties.