Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 5 de 5
Psychosomatic Medicine ; 84(5):A7, 2022.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-2002987


SARS-CoV-2 is highly infectious and has ability to mutate into newer, more contagious, and lethal strains. Moreover, presence of comorbidities and low immunity increases the COVID-19 susceptibility and severity. Thus, COVID-19 is challenging to treat and eradicate globally. This increase stress and anxiety among the patients, worsening their condition. Even health care workers (HCWs) are distressed and anxious while managing the COVID-19. Mental stress and depression increases risk of COVID-19. Yogic breathing techniques may be beneficial in improving immunity and reducing stress and anxiety. The present study investigated the effectiveness of short and controlled Yoga-based breathing protocols in COVID-positive, COVID-recovered and HCWs. Study subjects were recruited from Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India from 13th October, 2020 to 7th January 2021. Each group was randomly divided into intervention or yoga group and non-intervention or control group. COVID-positive practiced a 5-min routine and COVID-recovered and HCW practiced 5-min and 18-min routines for 15 days. Pre-post estimation of neuropsychological parameters and heart rate variability and baseline, 7th and 15th day estimation of biochemical parameters, 6-minute walk and 1-minute sit-stand tests were conducted. Based on Ayurveda, Prakriti-type was assessed. WBC count was elevated in COVID-positive intervention (p<0.001) and control groups (p=0.003). WBC count (p=0.002) and D-dimer (p=0.002) was decreased in COVID-recovered intervention. A non-significant reduction in perceived stress and tension was noted in COVID-positive intervention. Tension was reduced and quality of life improved in HCW intervention (p>0.05). The Kapha Prakriti (48.9 %) was dominant among COVID-19 infected (positive and recovered) subjects. Distance covered in 6-min increased after intervention in COVID-positive (p=0.01) and HCW (p=0.002). The covered distance was more after intervention in all groups than control sub-group. COVID-positive intervention group shows reduced heart rate (p>0.05) and high-frequency power (p=0.01). The interventions were capable of improving exercise capacity in patients and HCW and reduced cardiovascular risk in COVID-19. The studied breathing protocol can be integrated for the management of COVID-19 and is beneficial to HCWs.

Journal of Punjab Academy of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology ; 21(1):72-74, 2021.
Article in English | Scopus | ID: covidwho-1515623


Introduction: The novel coronavirus-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has impacted significantly on many sectors globally, and has also impacted mental health of many individuals. actually infected with the disease. The World Health Organization declared the virus outbreak as a pandemic in March 2020. Current lockdown scenarios have led to different behavioural consequences which lead to increase in homicidal cases and suicidal behaviours. Aim: To study the effect of COVID-19 pandemic on suicidal and homicidal deaths in Jabalpur district between months' March to July 2020, to cause awareness among health care professionals about impact of COVID-19 on mental health. Materials and Methods: Present study was conducted in the department of forensic medicine and toxicology, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Medical College, Jabalpur. Only confirmed cases of suicide and homicide were included in the study based on post mortem reports and police inquest. Result: COVID-19 pandemic caused an expected rise in the number of suicide and homicidal cases in the year 2020 in Jabalpur, when compared with the year 2019. Conclusion: A need for adequate mental health programs to combat the increase in mental health problems by initiatives along with tele-mental health care, where mental health providers are expected to play a vital role in promoting psychological and emotional well-being, strengthening problem-solving and health-promoting habits in service recipients. © 2021, Punjab Academy of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved.

Postgrad Med J ; 2020.
Article in English | PubMed | ID: covidwho-922584


BACKGROUND: Vitamin D has an immunomodulatory role but the effect of therapeutic vitamin D supplementation in SARS-CoV-2 infection is not known. AIM: Effect of high dose, oral cholecalciferol supplementation on SARS-CoV-2 viral clearance. DESIGN: Randomised, placebo-controlled. PARTICIPANTS: Asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 RNA positive vitamin D deficient (25(OH)D<20 ng/ml) individuals. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomised to receive daily 60 000 IU of cholecalciferol (oral nano-liquid droplets) for 7 days with therapeutic target 25(OH)D>50 ng/ml (intervention group) or placebo (control group). Patients requiring invasive ventilation or with significant comorbidities were excluded. 25(OH)D levels were assessed at day 7, and cholecalciferol supplementation was continued for those with 25(OH)D <50 ng/ml in the intervention arm. SARS-CoV-2 RNA and inflammatory markers fibrinogen, D-dimer, procalcitonin and (CRP), ferritin were measured periodically. OUTCOME MEASURE: Proportion of patients with SARS-CoV-2 RNA negative before day-21 and change in inflammatory markers. RESULTS: Forty SARS-CoV-2 RNA positive individuals were randomised to intervention (n=16) or control (n=24) group. Baseline serum 25(OH)D was 8.6 (7.1 to 13.1) and 9.54 (8.1 to 12.5) ng/ml (p=0.730), in the intervention and control group, respectively. 10 out of 16 patients could achieve 25(OH)D>50 ng/ml by day-7 and another two by day-14 [day-14 25(OH)D levels 51.7 (48.9 to 59.5) ng/ml and 15.2 (12.7 to 19.5) ng/ml (p<0.001) in intervention and control group, respectively]. 10 (62.5%) participants in the intervention group and 5 (20.8%) participants in the control arm (p<0.018) became SARS-CoV-2 RNA negative. Fibrinogen levels significantly decreased with cholecalciferol supplementation (intergroup difference 0.70 ng/ml;P=0.007) unlike other inflammatory biomarkers. CONCLUSION: Greater proportion of vitamin D-deficient individuals with SARS-CoV-2 infection turned SARS-CoV-2 RNA negative with a significant decrease in fibrinogen on high-dose cholecalciferol supplementation. TRIAL REGISTER NUMBER: NCT04459247.