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Women Birth ; 35(4): 378-386, 2022 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1401932


BACKGROUND: Significant adjustments to maternity care in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and the direct impacts of COVID-19 can compromise the quality of maternal and newborn care. AIM: To explore how the COVID-19 pandemic negatively affected frontline health workers' ability to provide respectful maternity care globally. METHODS: We conducted a global online survey of health workers to assess the provision of maternal and newborn healthcare during the COVID-19 pandemic. We collected qualitative data between July and December 2020 among a subset of respondents and conducted a qualitative content analysis to explore open-ended responses. FINDINGS: Health workers (n = 1127) from 71 countries participated; and 120 participants from 33 countries provided qualitative data. The COVID-19 pandemic negatively affected the provision of respectful maternity care in multiple ways. Six central themes were identified: less family involvement, reduced emotional and physical support for women, compromised standards of care, increased exposure to medically unjustified caesarean section, and staff overwhelmed by rapidly changing guidelines and enhanced infection prevention measures. Further, respectful care provided to women and newborns with suspected or confirmed COVID-19 infection was severely affected due to health workers' fear of getting infected and measures taken to minimise COVID-19 transmission. DISCUSSION: Multidimensional and contextually-adapted actions are urgently needed to mitigate the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the provision and continued promotion of respectful maternity care globally in the long-term. CONCLUSIONS: The measures taken during the COVID-19 pandemic had the capacity to disrupt the provision of respectful maternity care and therefore the quality of maternity care.

COVID-19 , Maternal Health Services , COVID-19/epidemiology , Cesarean Section , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pandemics , Pregnancy , Surveys and Questionnaires
Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering ; 82(8-B):No Pagination Specified, 2021.
Article in English | APA PsycInfo | ID: covidwho-1235594


Insomnia affects millions of people each year and has been shown to have a detrimental effect both physically and emotionally. Sleep hygiene has been proven to be an effective way for individuals to take proactive measures to ensure an environment that supports natural sleep with no harmful effects as seen with many medications. The purpose of this project was to implement screening of patients in an outpatient psychiatric setting for insomnia, and to provide sleep hygiene education to those identified as having insomnia. The Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) has been used for many years and has been proven to be an effective and reliable measurement tool for insomnia. This questionnaire was originally to be administered during office visits, but physical office closure and transition to telehealth due to the Covid pandemic, as well as a high staff turnover, protocol adjustments were made. The PSQIs were sent to patients via an email campaign by care providers. Those identified as having insomnia were then sent the sleep hygiene educational packet for study and review. This method proved to be ineffective of screening for insomnia due to low response rates and is not sustainable over time in regular daily practice. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved)

Front Sociol ; 6: 614021, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1191756


The Maternity in Dra. Eloísa Díaz' hospital, located in the municipality of La Florida and city of Santiago, Chile, opened its doors in 2014, and has integrated a humanistic model of care called the "Safe Model of Personalized Childbirth" since 2016. With around 3,000 births per year, it has been recognized as an example of excellence in maternity care in the country. The COVID-19 outbreak presented a big challenge to this Maternity: to maintain its quality of care standards despite the health crisis. This article presents the Maternity's responses to the pandemic from March to July 2020, describing the strategies that were deployed and the obstetric outcomes achieved. Semi-structured interviews with midwives and OB-GYNs, and a retrospective review of the childbirth standards of care and outcomes of the 55 women who tested positive for SARS-CoV-2, were carried out. The results show how the Maternity's staff responded in order to avoid a significant negative impact on the rights of women and newborns. Protocols to reestablish the companion during labor and childbirth and skin-to-skin contact, which were suspended for almost three weeks at the beginning of the outbreak, and the creation of an Instagram account to communicate with the external community were some of the measures taken. After some initial weeks of adjustment, the standards of care for all women, included for those diagnosed with COVID-19, were reestablished almost to pre-pandemic levels. This case shows that quality of care can be maintained and the rights of women and newborns can be respected during health crisis such as the COVID-19 pandemic.