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Comput Toxicol ; 18: 100156, 2021 May.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1060886


The recent pandemic Coronavirus disease-19 outbreak had traumatized global countries since its origin in late December 2019. Though the virus originated in China, it has spread rapidly across the world due its firmly established community transmission. To successfully tackle the spread and further infection, there needs a clear multidimensional understanding of the molecular mechanisms. Henceforth, 942 viral genome sequences were analysed to predict the core genomes crucial in virus life cycle. Additionally, 35 small interfering RNA transcripts were predicted that can target specifically the viral core proteins and reduce pathogenesis. The crystal structure of Covid-19 main protease-6LU7 was chosen as an attractive target due to the factors that there were fewer mutations and whose structure had significant identity to the annotated protein sequence of the core genome. Drug repurposing of both recruiting and non recruiting drugs was carried out through molecular docking procedures to recognize bitolterol as a good inhibitor of Covid-19 protease. The study was extended further to screen antiviral phytocompounds through quantitative structure activity relationship and molecular docking to identify davidigenin, from licorice as the best novel lead with good interactions and binding energy. The docking of the best compounds in all three categories was validated with molecular dynamics simulations which implied stable binding of the drug and lead molecule. Though the studies need clinical evaluations, the results are suggestive of curbing the pandemic.

Sci Total Environ ; 759: 143539, 2021 Mar 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-912621


In the current scenario, the increasing prevalence of diverse microbial infections as well as emergence and re-emergence of viral epidemics with high morbidity and mortality rates are major public health threat. Despite the persistent production of antiviral drugs and vaccines in the global market, viruses still remain as one of the leading causes of deadly human diseases. Effective control of viral diseases, particularly Zika virus disease, Nipah virus disease, Severe acute respiratory syndrome, Coronavirus disease, Herpes simplex virus infection, Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, and Ebola virus disease remain promising goal amidst the mutating viral strains. Current trends in the development of antiviral drugs focus solely on testing novel drugs or repurposing drugs against potential targets of the viruses. Compared to synthetic drugs, medicines from natural resources offer less side-effect to humans and are often cost-effective in the productivity approaches. This review intends not only to emphasize on the major viral disease outbreaks in the past few decades and but also explores the potentialities of natural substances as antiviral traits to combat viral pathogens. Here, we spotlighted a comprehensive overview of antiviral components present in varied natural sources, including plants, fungi, and microorganisms in order to identify potent antiviral agents for developing alternative therapy in future.

Antiviral Agents , Epidemics , Virus Diseases , Zika Virus Infection , Zika Virus , Disease Outbreaks , Humans , Natural Resources , Virus Diseases/epidemiology , Zika Virus Infection/drug therapy , Zika Virus Infection/epidemiology
medrxiv; 2020.
Preprint in English | medRxiv | ID: ppzbmed-10.1101.2020.04.17.20070284


The pandemic spread of novel coronavirus, (SARS-CoV-2) causing CoronaVirus Infectious Diseases (COVID-19) emerged into a global threat for human life causing serious death rates and economic crunch all over the globe. As on April 17, 2020 at 2:00am CEST, there include a total of 2,034,802 confirmed cases for Corona and 1,35,163 deaths worldwide have been reported which includes 212 countries, areas or territories reported by World Health Organization (WHO), in which USA tops 6,32,781 confirmed cases (28,221 deaths) followed by Italy 1,65,155 (21,647 deaths), Spain 1,77,633 (18,579 deaths) and China 84,149 (4,642 deaths). This study aims to compare the genomic nature of SARS-CoV-2 genome reported from Wuhan, China with two Indian isolate genome reported by ICMR-NIV, India. Further Phylogenetic studies performed with coronavirus infecting non-human species like Bats, Duck, and sparrow were compared with Indian and other country whole genome sequences of SARS-CoV2 using MegaX and traced out the association between the human coronavirus with the other species viral genome. In addition, epidemiological reports on COVID-19 among Worldwide and India centric data were compared between April 7, 2020 to April 17, 2020 global data and the number of active cases were increased dramatically in this 10 days period studied, highlighted in the current study.

Death , Coronavirus Infections , COVID-19