Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 6 de 6
Filter
1.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 11(1)2022 Dec 23.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2228691

ABSTRACT

Pattern recognition plays a critical role in integrative bioinformatics to determine the structural patterns of proteins of viruses such as SARS-CoV-2. This study identifies the pattern of SARS-CoV-2 proteins to depict the structure-function relationships of the protein alphabets of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19. The assembly enumeration algorithm, Anisotropic Network Model, Gaussian Network Model, Markovian Stochastic Model, and image comparison protein-like alphabets were used. The distance score was the lowest with 22 for "I" and highest with 40 for "9". For post-processing and decision, two protein alphabets "C" (PDB ID: 6XC3) and "S" (PDB ID: 7OYG) were evaluated to understand the structural, functional, and evolutionary relationships, and we found uniqueness in the functionality of proteins. Here, models were constructed using "SARS-CoV-2 proteins" (12 numbers) and "non-SARS-CoV-2 proteins" (14 numbers) to create two words, "SARS-CoV-2" and "COVID-19". Similarly, we developed two slogans: "Vaccinate the world against COVID-19" and "Say no to SARS-CoV-2", which were made with the proteins structure. It might generate vaccine-related interest to broad reader categories. Finally, the evolutionary process appears to enhance the protein structure smoothly to provide suitable functionality shaped by natural selection.

2.
Infect Genet Evol ; 89: 104729, 2021 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1386287

ABSTRACT

In recent years, a total of seven human pathogenic coronaviruses (HCoVs) strains were identified, i.e., SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2, MERS-CoV, HCoV-OC43, HCoV-229E, HCoV-NL63, and HCoV-HKU1. Here, we performed an analysis of the protease recognition sites and antigenic variation of the S-protein of these HCoVs. We showed tissue-specific expression pattern, functions, and a number of recognition sites of proteases in S-proteins from seven strains of HCoVs. In the case of SARS-CoV-2, we found two new protease recognition sites, each of calpain-2, pepsin-A, and caspase-8, and one new protease recognition site each of caspase-6, caspase-3, and furin. Our antigenic mapping study of the S-protein of these HCoVs showed that the SARS-CoV-2 virus strain has the most potent antigenic epitopes (highest antigenicity score with maximum numbers of epitope regions). Additionally, the other six strains of HCoVs show common antigenic epitopes (both B-cell and T-cell), with low antigenicity scores compared to SARS-CoV-2. We suggest that the molecular evolution of structural proteins of human CoV can be classified, such as (i) HCoV-NL63 and HCoV-229E, (ii) SARS-CoV-2, and SARS-CoV and (iii) HCoV-OC43 and HCoV-HKU1. In conclusion, we can presume that our study might help to prepare the interventions for the possible HCoVs outbreaks in the future.


Subject(s)
Coronavirus/metabolism , Peptide Hydrolases/metabolism , Phylogeny , SARS-CoV-2/metabolism , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus/metabolism , Antigenic Variation , Binding Sites , Coronavirus/classification , Coronavirus/immunology , Epitopes, B-Lymphocyte/immunology , Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte/immunology , Humans , SARS-CoV-2/classification , SARS-CoV-2/immunology
3.
Immune Netw ; 21(1): e5, 2021 Feb.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1138870

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has developed as a pandemic, and it created an outrageous effect on the current healthcare and economic system throughout the globe. To date, there is no appropriate therapeutics or vaccines against the disease. The entire human race is eagerly waiting for the development of new therapeutics or vaccines against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). Efforts are being taken to develop vaccines at a rapid rate for fighting against the ongoing pandemic situation. Amongst the various vaccines under consideration, some are either in the preclinical stage or in the clinical stages of development (phase-I, -II, and -III). Even, phase-III trials are being conducted for some repurposed vaccines like Bacillus Calmette-Guérin, polio vaccine, and measles-mumps-rubella. We have highlighted the ongoing clinical trial landscape of the COVID-19 as well as repurposed vaccines. An insight into the current status of the available antigenic epitopes for SARS-CoV-2 and different types of vaccine platforms of COVID-19 vaccines has been discussed. These vaccines are highlighted throughout the world by different news agencies. Moreover, ongoing clinical trials for repurposed vaccines for COVID-19 and critical factors associated with the development of COVID-19 vaccines have also been described.

4.
Arch Med Res ; 51(7): 728-730, 2020 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1023459

ABSTRACT

The COVID-19 outbreak is a disaster now throughout the world. To stop this outbreak, we appeal through the paper for extensive partnership, collaboration and teamwork among the all levels of workers such as scientist, doctors, medical professionals, social workers, policy makers, governments, pharmaceutical firms, funding aid agencies to stop the pandemic immediately.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Communicable Disease Control/organization & administration , Cooperative Behavior , Health Personnel/organization & administration , Health Policy , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/transmission , Humans , International Cooperation , SARS-CoV-2
5.
Front Pharmacol ; 11: 1258, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-769284

ABSTRACT

As the COVID-19 is still growing throughout the globe, a thorough investigation into the specific immunopathology of SARS-CoV-2, its interaction with the host immune system and pathogen evasion mechanism may provide a clear picture of how the pathogen can breach the host immune defenses in elderly patients and patients with comorbid conditions. Such studies will also reveal the underlying mechanism of how children and young patients can withstand the disease better. The study of the immune defense mechanisms and the prolonged immune memory from patients population with convalescent plasma may help in designing a suitable vaccine candidate not only for the current outbreak but also for similar outbreaks in the future. The vital drug candidates, which are being tested as potential vaccines or therapeutics against COVID-19, include live attenuated vaccine, inactivated or killed vaccine, subunit vaccine, antibodies, interferon treatment, repurposing existing drugs, and nucleic acid-based vaccines. Several organizations around the world have fast-tracked the development of a COVID-19 vaccine, and some drugs already went to phase III of clinical trials. Hence, here, we have tried to take a quick glimpse of the development stages of vaccines or therapeutic approaches to treat this deadly disease.

6.
Inform Med Unlocked ; 20: 100394, 2020.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-645703

ABSTRACT

SARS-CoV-2 is spreading globally at a rapid pace. To contain its spread and prevent further fatalities, the development of a vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 is an urgent prerequisite. Thus, in this article, by utilizing the in-silico approach, a vaccine candidate for SARS-CoV-2 has been proposed. Moreover, the effectiveness and safety measures of our proposed epitopic vaccine candidate have been evaluated by in-silico tools and servers (AllerTOP and AllergenFP servers). We observed that the vaccine candidate has no allergenicity and successfully combined with Toll-like receptor (TLR) protein to elicit an inflammatory immune response. Stable, functional mobility of the vaccine-TLR protein binding interface was confirmed by the Normal Mode Analysis. The in-silico cloning model demonstrated the efficacy of the construct vaccine along with the identified epitopes against SARS-CoV-2. Taken together, our proposed in-silico vaccine candidate has potent efficacy against COVID-19 infection, and successive research work might validate its effectiveness in in vitro and in vivo models.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL