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J Integr Complement Med ; 28(9): 757-767, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2017651


Objectives: Prediabetes is a major public health concern. Different plant extracts are used in homeopathy as mother tinctures (MTs) for the treatment of prediabetes as an adjunct to individualized homeopathic medicines (IHMs); however, their effectiveness remains under-researched. Design: Open-label, randomized (1:1), active-controlled, pragmatic, exploratory trial. Setting: Mahesh Bhattacharyya Homoeopathic Medical College and Hospital, Howrah, West Bengal, India. Subjects: Eighty-nine patients with prediabetes. Interventions: Group 1 (n = 45; IHMs plus any one of the following MTs: Cephalandra indica, Gymnema sylvestre, and Syzygium jambolanum; experimental/verum) versus Group 2 (n = 44; IHMs only; control). Outcome measures: Blood parameters, including-the fasting blood sugar (FBS) level, blood sugar level 2 h after ingestion of 75 g of glucose (oral glucose tolerance test [OGTT] result), and glycosylated hemoglobin percentage (HbA1c%), and symptoms, including the Diabetes Symptom Checklist-Revised (DSC-R) score; all of them were measured at baseline and after 3 and 6 months. Results: Although recruitment of 140 patients was initially planned, the target sample size could not be achieved because of coronavirus disease pandemic-related restrictions. Only 89 patients could be enrolled, and the trial had to be terminated prematurely owing to the time constraints of the project. The data of 82 patients (Group 1, n = 40; Group 2, n = 42) were analyzed using a modified intention-to-treat approach. Improvements in all outcomes were greater in Group 1 than in Group 2, but without a significant difference: FBS level (F1, 80 = 4.095, p = 0.046), OGTT result (F1, 80 = 2.399, p = 0.125), HbA1c% (F1, 80 = 1.612, p = 0.208), and DSC-R score (F1, 80 = 0.023, p = 0.880). Conclusions: A promising but nonsignificant trend favored the combination of MTs and IHMs compared with IHMs alone among the patients with prediabetes, especially in FBS. Therefore, further studies are required. Clinical Trial Registration Number: CTRI/2018/08/015319; secondary identifier (UTN): U1111-1218-6016.

Homeopathy , Prediabetic State , Blood Glucose/analysis , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Humans , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Prediabetic State/blood , Prediabetic State/drug therapy
Homeopathy ; 111(2): 97-104, 2022 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1493296


INTRODUCTION: There is some evidence that homeopathic treatment has been used successfully in previous epidemics, and currently some countries are testing homeoprophylaxis for the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. There is a strong tradition of homeopathic treatment in India: therefore, we decided to compare three different homeopathic medicines against placebo in prevention of COVID-19 infections. METHODS: In this double-blind, cluster-randomized, placebo-controlled, four parallel arms, community-based, clinical trial, a 20,000-person sample of the population residing in Ward Number 57 of the Tangra area, Kolkata, was randomized in a 1:1:1:1 ratio of clusters to receive one of three homeopathic medicines (Bryonia alba 30cH, Gelsemium sempervirens 30cH, Phosphorus 30cH) or identical-looking placebo, for 3 (children) or 6 (adults) days. All the participants, who were aged 5 to 75 years, received ascorbic acid (vitamin C) tablets of 500 mg, once per day for 6 days. In addition, instructions on healthy diet and general hygienic measures, including hand washing, social distancing and proper use of mask and gloves, were given to all the participants. RESULTS: No new confirmed COVID-19 cases were diagnosed in the target population during the follow-up timeframe of 1 month-December 20, 2020 to January 19, 2021-thus making the trial inconclusive. The Phosphorus group had the least exposure to COVID-19 compared with the other groups. In comparison with placebo, the occurrence of unconfirmed COVID-19 cases was significantly less in the Phosphorus group (week 1: odds ratio [OR], 0.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.06 to 0.16; week 2: OR, 0.004; 95% CI, 0.0002 to 0.06; week 3: OR, 0.007; 95% CI, 0.0004 to 0.11; week 4: OR, 0.009; 95% CI, 0.0006 to 0.14), but not in the Bryonia or Gelsemium groups. CONCLUSION: Overall, the trial was inconclusive. The possible effect exerted by Phosphorus necessitates further investigation. TRIAL REGISTRATION: CTRI/2020/11/029265.

Bryonia , COVID-19 , Gelsemium , Homeopathy , Materia Medica , Adult , COVID-19/drug therapy , COVID-19/prevention & control , Child , Double-Blind Method , Humans , Materia Medica/therapeutic use , Pandemics/prevention & control , Phosphorus , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome
Homoeopathic Links ; 33(3):222-227, 2020.
Article | CINAHL | ID: covidwho-823727


The pandemic coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a public health emergency of international concern affecting human health and economy across the world. The outbreak in India is accelerating even after enforcement of lockdown as well as promotion of hand hygiene, respiratory etiquettes and social distancing mainly due to nonavailability of specific antiviral medicine and vaccine. Historically, for the purpose of prevention and treatment, homoeopathy has shown its usefulness in recent and past epidemics using carefully selected medicines as genus epidemicus (GE) for each epidemic. In the present era of evidence-based medicine, usefulness of therapeutic agent as prophylaxis is recognised only after obtaining significant result in prophylactic clinical trial. Claims of usefulness of certain homoeopathic medicine as prophylaxis or GE of COVID-19 can be used to generate research hypothesis and can be tested through prophylactic clinical trial. In this article, outbreak investigation procedures are highlighted, necessity of epidemic preparedness with engagement of community is emphasised, several recent developments in clinical trial regulations for an outbreak are pointed out, among which online submission of research protocol, expedition of ethical review procedure, virtual meeting of the ethics committee, Good Participatory Practice Guidelines for Trials of Emerging (and re-emerging) Pathogens are mentioned. Standard operating procedures are discussed to conduct a comparative effectiveness research using cluster randomisation in a multidisciplinary approach to investigate the effectiveness of the homoeopathic medicine as a prophylaxis for COVID-19 which can be used by the policy makers as an effective public health intervention to stop transmission and prevent community spread of this highly infectious disease.