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Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther ; 53(5): 398-402, 2021.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2325899


INTRODUCTION: We aimed to investigate the clinical features and mortality of critically ill patients treated with convalescent plasma for COVID-19 in the intensive care unit (ICU). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected clinical and laboratory data of COVID-19 patients treated in the ICU. The patients were divided into two groups: those who received convalescent plasma and those who did not. We evaluated changes in the laboratory parameters and PaO2/FiO2 of the patients in the convalescent plasma group on days 0, 7, and 14. RESULTS: A total of 188 patients were included, 89 of whom received convalescent plasma. There were no significant differences in length of hospitalization [median: 17 vs. 16 days, P = 0.13] or 28-day mortality between the two groups (59% vs. 65%, P = 0.38). The ICU stay of patients who received convalescent plasma was longer (P = 0.001). The dynamics of the laboratory parameters of 44 patients in the convalescent plasma group, who were still in intensive care on the 14th day, were analysed. There was no differences in CRP or PaO2/FiO2 on day 0, 7 or 14 (P = 0.12; P = 0.10, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Convalescent plasma treatment was not associated with shorter hospitalisation or lower mortality in patients diagnosed with COVID-19. However, the ICU stay was longer in patients who received convalescent plasma.

COVID-19 , COVID-19/therapy , Humans , Immunization, Passive , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 Serotherapy
J Infect Dev Ctries ; 15(12): 1782-1791, 2021 12 31.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1636074


INTRODUCTION: In December 2019, a new severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, emerged in China, causing coronavirus disease 2019. The present study investigated genetic profiles and variations of SARS-CoV-2 distributed in different regions of Saudi Arabia to begin to understand the pathogenesis and transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in this country and analyzed associations of these variations with host factors. METHODOLOGY: In total, 774 SARS-CoV-2 genomic sequences obtained and annotated by the Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data (GISAID) were captured and analyzed. RESULTS: The most common SARS-CoV-2 clades in Saudi Arabia were GH followed by O, GR, G, and S. Statistically significant associations were detected between clades and patient outcome. Age, as a host factor, was significantly associated with many variables, including virus geographical location, clade, and patient outcome. The most common variants detected were the NSP12_P323L mutation 94.9%, followed by the D614G mutation (76%) and the NS3_Q57H mutation (71.4%). The concerned variants B.1.1.7, B.1.351, and P.1 were not detected in our population. D614G was associated with higher morbidities than the wild-type virus, including higher rates of death and hospitalization. The NS3_Q57H mutation was the only variant associated with better patient outcome than the wild type. Risk of death was highest with the NSP12_P323L mutation (OR = 1.84; 95% CI = 0.37-9.30) and lowest with the NS3_Q57H mutation (OR = 0.43; 95% CI = 0.25-0.727). CONCLUSIONS: SARS-CoV-2 has evolved uniquely and independently in Saudi Arabia. Our findings provide evidence to begin linking the evolutionary implications to host factors and their effects on the virus severity and transmission.

COVID-19/epidemiology , SARS-CoV-2 , Adult , Aged , COVID-19/genetics , COVID-19/transmission , Female , Genome, Viral , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation/genetics , Pandemics , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Whole Genome Sequencing