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1.
ACS Omega ; 7(37): 33358-33364, 2022 Sep 20.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2042305

ABSTRACT

The need for antimicrobial or antibacterial fabric has increased exponentially in recent past years, especially after the outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Several studies have been conducted, and the primary focus is the development of simple, automated, performance efficient and cost-efficient fabric for disposable and frequent-use items such as personal protective materials. In this regard, we have explored the light-driven antibacterial activity of water-soluble Sdots for the first time. Sdots are a new class of non-metallic quantum dots of the nanosulfur family having a polymeric sulfur core. These Sdots exhibited excellent antibacterial activity by generating reactive oxygen species under sunlight or visible light. Under 6 h of sunlight irradiation, it was observed that >90% of the bacterial growth was inhibited in the presence of Sdots. Furthermore, low toxic Sdots were employed to develop antibacterial fabric for efficiently cleaning the bacterial infection. The prominent zone of inhibition of up to 9 mm was observed post 12 h incubation of Sdots treated fabric with E. coli in the presence of visible light. Furthermore, the SEM study confirmed the bactericidal effect of these Sdots-treated fabrics. Moreover, this study might help explore the photocatalytic disinfection application of Sdots in diverse locations of interest, Sdots-based photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy application, and provide an opportunity to develop Sdots as a visible light photocatalyst for organic transformations and other promising applications.

2.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; : 1-10, 2021 Nov 18.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1521986

ABSTRACT

Cancer care has become a challenge with the current COVID-19 pandemic scenario. Specially, cancers like small cell lung cancers (SCLC) are difficult to treat even in the normal situation due to their rapid growth and early metastasis. For such patients, treatment can't be compromised and care must be taken to ensure their minimum exposure to the ongoing spread of COVID-19 infection. For this reason, in-house treatments are being suggested for these patients. Another issue is that symptoms of SCLC match well with that of COVID-19 infection. Hence, the detection of COVID-19 may also get delayed leading to unnecessary complications. Thus, we have tried to investigate if the therapeutics that is currently used in lung cancer treatment can also act against SARS-CoV-2. If it is so, the same treatment protocols can be continued even if the SCLC patient had contracted COVID-19 without compromising the cancer care. For this, RNA dependent RNA polymerase (RdRP) from SARS-CoV-2 has been selected as drug target. Both docking and molecular dynamicssimulation analysis have indicated that Paclitaxel and Dacomitinib may be explored as multi-target drugs for both SCLC and COVID-19.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

3.
Comput Biol Med ; 137: 104826, 2021 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1427772

ABSTRACT

Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has become a global pandemic. Additionally, the SARS-CoV-2 infection in the patients of Gastric Cancer (GC; the third leading cause of death in the world) pose a great challenge for the health management of the patients. Since there have been uncertainties to develop a new drug against COVID-19, there is an urgent need for repurposing drugs that can target key proteins of both SARS-CoV-2 and GC. The SARS-CoV-2-RdRp protein contains the NiRAN domain, which is known to have kinase-like folds. A docking study of the FDA approved drugs against GC was performed using AutoDock 4.2 and Glide Schrodinger suite 2019 against SARS-CoV-2-RdRp protein. MMGBSA and MD simulation studies were performed to investigate the binding and stability of the inhibitors with the target protein. In this study, we have found 12 kinase inhibitors with high binding energies namely Baricitinib, Brepocitinib, Decernotinib, Fasudil, Filgotinib, GSK2606414, Peficitinib, Ruxolitinib, Tofacitinib, Upadacitinib, Pamapimod and Ibrutinib. These FDA approved drugs against GC can play a key role in the treatment of COVID-19 patients along with GC as comorbidity. We also hypothesize that JAK, ITK, Rho-associated kinases, FGFR2, FYN, PERK, TYK2, p38-MAPK and SYK kinases can be considered as key therapeutic targets in COVID-19 treatment. Taken altogether, we have proposed the SARS-CoV-2-RdRp as a potential therapeutic target through in-silico studies. However, further in-vitro and in-vivo studies are required for the validation of the proposed targets and drugs for the treatment of COVID-19 patients already suffering from GC.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Stomach Neoplasms , COVID-19/drug therapy , Drug Repositioning , Gastrointestinal Agents , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Stomach Neoplasms/drug therapy
4.
Viruses ; 13(2)2021 02 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1122257

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by the novel SARS-CoV-2 virus, continues to be a global threat. The number of cases and deaths will remain escalating due to the lack of effective therapeutic agents. Several studies have established the importance of the viral main protease (Mpro) in the replication of SARS-CoV-2 which makes it an attractive target for antiviral drug development, including pharmaceutical repurposing and other medicinal chemistry approaches. Identification of natural products with considerable inhibitory potential against SARS-CoV-2 could be beneficial as a rapid and potent alternative with drug-likeness by comparison to de novo antiviral drug discovery approaches. Thereof, we carried out the structure-based screening of natural products from Echinacea-angustifolia, commonly used to prevent cold and other microbial respiratory infections, targeting SARS-CoV-2 Mpro. Four natural products namely, Echinacoside, Quercetagetin 7-glucoside, Levan N, Inulin from chicory, and 1,3-Dicaffeoylquinic acid, revealed significant docking energy (>-10 kcal/mol) in the SARS-CoV-2 Mpro catalytic pocket via substantial intermolecular contacts formation against co-crystallized ligand (<-4 kcal/mol). Furthermore, the docked poses of SARS-CoV-2 Mpro with selected natural products showed conformational stability through molecular dynamics. Exploring the end-point net binding energy exhibited substantial contribution of Coulomb and van der Waals interactions to the stability of respective docked conformations. These results advocated the natural products from Echinacea angustifolia for further experimental studies with an elevated probability to discover the potent SARS-CoV-2 Mpro antagonist with higher affinity and drug-likeness.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/chemistry , Coronavirus 3C Proteases/antagonists & inhibitors , Echinacea/chemistry , Protease Inhibitors/chemistry , Binding Sites , Drug Discovery , Flavones/chemistry , Fructans/chemistry , Glycosides/chemistry , Inulin/chemistry , Molecular Docking Simulation , Phytochemicals/chemistry , Protein Binding , Quinic Acid/analogs & derivatives , Quinic Acid/chemistry
5.
J Biomol Struct Dyn ; 40(12): 5588-5605, 2022 Aug.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1039688

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a global pandemic. RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) is the key component of the replication or transcription machinery of coronavirus. Therefore SARS-CoV-2-RdRp has been chosen as an important target for the development of antiviral drug(s). During the early pandemic of the COVID-19, chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine were suggested by the researchers for the prevention or treatment of SARS-CoV-2. In our study, the antimalarial compounds have been screened and docked against SARS-CoV-2-RdRp (PDB ID: 7BTF), and it was observed that the antimalarials chloroquine, hydroxychloroquine, and amodiaquine exhibit good affinity. Since the crystal structure of SARS-CoV-2-RdRp with its substrate is not available, poliovirus-RdRp crystal structure co-crystallized with its substrate ATP (PDB ID: 2ILY) was used as a reference structure. The superimposition of SARS-CoV-2-RdRp and poliovirus-RdRp structures showed that the active sites of both of the RdRps superimposed very well. The amino acid residues involved in the binding of ATP in the case of poliovirus-RdRp and residues involved in binding with the antimalarial compounds with SARS-CoV-2-RdRp were compared. In both cases, the conserved residues were found to be involved in establishing the interactions. The MMGBSA and molecular dynamic simulation studies were performed to strengthen our docking results. Further residues involved in binding of antimalarials with SARS-CoV-2-RdRp were compared with the residues involved in the SARS-CoV-2-RdRp complexed with remdesivir [PDB ID: 7BV2]. It was observed that co-crystallized remdesivir and docked antimalarials bind in the same pocket of SARS-CoV-2 -RdRp.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.


Subject(s)
Antimalarials , COVID-19 , Adenosine Triphosphate , Antimalarials/pharmacology , Antiviral Agents/chemistry , COVID-19/drug therapy , Humans , Hydroxychloroquine , Molecular Docking Simulation , RNA-Dependent RNA Polymerase , SARS-CoV-2
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