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1.
Commun Biol ; 5(1): 516, 2022 05 30.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1947507

ABSTRACT

The development of an in vitro cell model that can be used to study severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) research is expected. Here we conducted infection experiments in bronchial organoids (BO) and an BO-derived air-liquid interface model (BO-ALI) using 8 SARS-CoV-2 variants. The infection efficiency in BO-ALI was more than 1,000 times higher than that in BO. Among the bronchial epithelial cells, we found that ciliated cells were infected with the virus, but basal cells were not. Ciliated cells died 7 days after the viral infection, but basal cells survived after the viral infection and differentiated into ciliated cells. Fibroblast growth factor 10 signaling was essential for this differentiation. These results indicate that BO and BO-ALI may be used not only to evaluate the cell response to SARS-CoV-2 and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) therapeutic agents, but also for airway regeneration studies.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Bronchi , Humans , Organoids
2.
Jpn J Infect Dis ; 75(3): 277-280, 2022 May 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1865649

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. Despite the recent introduction of vaccines against SARS-CoV-2, more effective vaccines and antiviral drugs must be developed. Here, we isolated five SARS-CoV-2 strains from four patients with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and an asymptomatic individual using pharyngeal swabs, nasopharyngeal swabs, and sputum samples. Cytopathic effects in inoculated Vero cells were observed between days 3 and 7. SARS-CoV-2 infection was confirmed by quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and next-generation sequencing. Phylogenetic analyses of the whole genome sequences showed that the virus isolates from the clinical samples belonged to the Wuhan and European lineages. These findings and the isolated viruses may contribute to the development of diagnostic tools, vaccines, and antiviral drugs for COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Animals , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19 Vaccines , Chlorocebus aethiops , Humans , Phylogeny , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Vero Cells
3.
Jpn J Infect Dis ; 75(3): 277-280, 2022 May 24.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1486806

ABSTRACT

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. Despite the recent introduction of vaccines against SARS-CoV-2, more effective vaccines and antiviral drugs must be developed. Here, we isolated five SARS-CoV-2 strains from four patients with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and an asymptomatic individual using pharyngeal swabs, nasopharyngeal swabs, and sputum samples. Cytopathic effects in inoculated Vero cells were observed between days 3 and 7. SARS-CoV-2 infection was confirmed by quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and next-generation sequencing. Phylogenetic analyses of the whole genome sequences showed that the virus isolates from the clinical samples belonged to the Wuhan and European lineages. These findings and the isolated viruses may contribute to the development of diagnostic tools, vaccines, and antiviral drugs for COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Animals , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19 Vaccines , Chlorocebus aethiops , Humans , Phylogeny , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Vero Cells
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