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Matern Child Health J ; 26(9): 1753-1761, 2022 Sep.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1959051


OBJECTIVE: Obstetrical patients are at risk of complications from COVID-19 and face increased stress due to the pandemic and changes in hospital birth setting. The objective was to describe the perinatal care experiences of obstetrical patients who gave birth during the early phases of the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: A descriptive epidemiological survey was administered to consenting patients who gave birth at The Ottawa Hospital (TOH) between March 16th and June 16th, 2020. The participants reported on prenatal, in-hospital, and postpartum care experiences. COVID-19 pandemic related household stress factors were investigated. Frequencies and percentages are presented for categorical variables and median and interquartile range (IQR) for continuous variables. RESULTS: A total of 216 participants were included in the analyses. Median participants age was 33 years (IQR: 30-36). Collectively, 94 (43.5%) participants felt elevated stress for prenatal appointments and 105 (48.6%) for postpartum appointments because of COVID-19. There were 108 (50.0%) were scared to go to the hospital for delivery, 97 (44.9%) wore a mask during labour and 54 (25.0%) gave birth without a support person. During postpartum care, 125 (57.9%) had phone appointments (not offered prior to COVID-19), and 18 (8.3%) received no postpartum care at all. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 pandemic and public health protocols created a stressful healthcare environment for the obstetrical population where many were fearful of accessing services, experienced changes to standard care, or no care at all. As the pandemic continues, careful attention should be given to the perinatal population to reduce stress and improve continuity of care.

RéSUMé: OBJECTIF: Les patients obstétriques sont à risque de complications de la COVID-19 et font face à un stress accru en raison de la pandémie et des changements dans le cadre de l'accouchement en milieu hospitalier. L'objectif était de décrire les expériences de soins périnataux des patients obstétriques qui ont accouché au cours des premières phases de la pandémie de COVID-19. MéTHODES: Un sondage épidémiologique descriptif a été menée auprès de patients qui ont accouché à L'Hôpital d'Ottawa (TOH) entre le 16 mars et le 16 juin 2020. Les participants ont fait un compte rendu de leurs expériences en matière de soins prénataux, hospitaliers et post-partum. Les facteurs de stress domestique liés à la COVID-19 ont été étudiés. Les fréquences et les pourcentages sont présentés pour les variables catégorielles et la médiane et l'écart interquartile (IQR) sont présentés pour les variables continues. RéSULTATS: Au total, 261 participants ont répondu au sondage. L'âge maternel médian était de 33 ans (IQR: 30­36). Collectivement, 94 participants (43,5%) ressentaient un stress élevé en lien avec les rendez-vous prénataux et 105 (48,6%) pour les rendez-vous post-partum en raison de la COVID-19. Il y avait 108 patients (50,0%) qui avaient peur d'aller à l'hôpital pour accoucher, 97 (44,9%) qui portaient un masque pendant leur travail et 54 (25,0%) qui ont accouché sans personne de soutien. En lien avec les soins post-partum, 125 (57,9%) ont eu des rendez-vous téléphoniques (non offerts avant la pandémie COVID-19) et 18 (8,3%) n'ont reçu aucun soin post-partum. CONCLUSION: La pandémie de COVID-19 et les politiques de santé publique ont créé un environnement de soins de santé stressant pour la population obstétrique où beaucoup avaient peur d'accéder aux services de soins, ont connu des changements dans les soins de base ou n'ont pas eu de soins du tout. Alors que la pandémie se poursuit, une attention particulière doit être accordée à la population périnatale afin de réduire le stress et améliorer la continuité des soins.

COVID-19 , Adult , COVID-19/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Pandemics , Parturition , Patient Outcome Assessment , Postpartum Period , Pregnancy
BMC Med ; 19(1): 20, 2021 02 05.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1067229


BACKGROUND: There is little information on care-seeking patterns for sexual assault and domestic violence during the COVID-19 pandemic. The objective of this study was to examine the changes in emergency department (ED) admissions for sexual assault and domestic violence since the COVID-19 pandemic was declared. METHODS: Observational ED admissions data from The Ottawa Hospital were analyzed from March 4 to May 5 (62 days) in 2020 (COVID-19 period) and compared to the same period in 2018 (pre-COVID-19). Total and mean weekly admissions were calculated for all-cause ED admissions and for sexual and domestic violence cases. A Poisson regression (without offset term) was used to calculate the weekly case count ratio and 95% confidence intervals (CI) between the two time periods. Case characteristics were compared using chi-square tests, and percent differences were calculated. RESULTS: Compared to pre-COVID-19, total ED admissions dropped by 1111.22 cases per week (32.9% reduction), and the Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence Program cases dropped 4.66 cases per week. The weekly case count ratio for sexual assault cases was 0.47 (95% CI 0.79-0.27), equivalent of 53.49% reduction in cases, and 0.52 (95% CI 0.93-0.29), equivalent to a 48.45% reduction in physical assault cases. The characteristics of presenting cases were similar by age (median 25 years), sex (88.57% female), assault type (57.14% sexual assault, 48.57% physical assault), and location (31.43% patient's home, 40.00% assailant's home). There was a significant increase in psychological abuse (11.69% vs 28.57%) and assaults occurring outdoors (5.19% vs 22.86%). CONCLUSION: This study found a decrease in ED admissions for sexual assault and domestic violence during COVID-19, despite societal conditions that elevate risk of violence. Trends in care-seeking and assault patterns will require ongoing monitoring to inform the provision of optimal support for individuals experiencing violence, particularly as countries begin to re-open or lock-down again.

COVID-19/epidemiology , Domestic Violence/trends , Emergency Service, Hospital/trends , Pandemics , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Sex Offenses/trends , Adult , COVID-19/psychology , Communicable Disease Control/trends , Domestic Violence/psychology , Female , Humans , Male , Ontario/epidemiology , Patient Acceptance of Health Care/psychology , Sex Offenses/psychology , Young Adult