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Innovation in aging ; 5(Suppl 1):227-227, 2021.
Article in English | EuropePMC | ID: covidwho-1782009


The hospital-to-home transition is a high-risk period for medication errors and adverse events for older adults living with dementia. Researchers conducted a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews and participant solicited diaries. Caregivers of adults ages 55 and older were recruited to understand barriers to medication management during hospital to skilled home health care transitions. We used a human factors engineering approach to guide our understanding of systems level barriers. At least two researchers independently coded each transcript using content analysis and the ATLAS.ti software. We interviewed 23 caregivers and identified five barrier types stemming from systems breakdowns related to: (1) knowledge and information, (2) access to and use of resources and tools, (3) caregiver burden, (4) pandemic concerns, and (5) health limitations. Caregivers grappled with receiving overwhelming, insufficient, incorrect, or conflicting information, and had difficulty managing information from different sources. Latinx caregivers encountered language barriers that impeded role and task clarity. Caregivers expressed mistrust in health systems elements and inability to access resources. Caregivers were in need of additional caregiving assistance, financial aid, and tools to manage medications. Balancing multiple medications and responsibilities left caregivers burdened. The health limitations of the older adult and COVID-19 concerns related to reduced access to resources and ability to deliver and receive in person care complicated task management. Altogether these barriers reflect systems level breakdowns impeding task understanding, execution, and overall management. These findings will inform the development of interdisciplinary strategies to ensure safer care transitions.

Trials ; 22(1): 865, 2021 Dec 02.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1551222


BACKGROUND: Most people living with dementia want to remain living in their own homes and are supported to do so by family carers. No interventions have consistently demonstrated improvements to people with dementia's life quality, functioning, or other indices of living as well as possible with dementia. We have co-produced, with health and social care professionals and family carers of people with dementia, a new intervention (NIDUS-family). To our knowledge, NIDUS-family is the first manualised intervention that can be tailored to personal goals of people living with dementia and their families and is delivered by facilitators without clinical training. The intervention utilizes components of behavioural management, carer support, psychoeducation, communication and coping skills training, enablement, and environmental adaptations, with modules selected to address dyads' selected goals. We will evaluate the effect of NIDUS-family and usual care on goal attainment, as measured by Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) rated by family carers, compared to usual care alone at 12-month follow-up. We will also determine whether NIDUS-family and usual care is more cost-effective than usual care alone over 12 months. METHODS: A randomised, two-arm, single-masked, multi-site clinical trial involving 297 people living with dementia-family carer dyads. Dyads will be randomised 2:1 to receive the NIDUS-family intervention with usual care (n = 199) or usual care alone (n = 98). The intervention group will be offered, over 1 year, via 6-8 video call or telephone sessions (or face to face if COVID-19 restrictions allow in the recruitment period) in the initial 6 months, followed by telephone follow-ups every 1-2 months to support implementation, with a trained facilitator. DISCUSSION: Increasing the time lived at home by people living with dementia is likely to benefit lives now and in the future. Our intervention, which we adapted to include remote delivery prior to trial commencement due to the COVID-19 pandemic, aims to address barriers to living as well and as independently as possible that distress people living with dementia, exacerbate family carer(s) stress, negatively affect relationships, lead to safety risks, and frequently precipitate avoidable moves to a care home. TRIAL REGISTRATION: International Standard Randomised Controlled Trials Number ISRCTN11425138 . Registered on 7 October 2019.

COVID-19 , Dementia , Caregivers , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Dementia/diagnosis , Dementia/therapy , Humans , Pandemics , Psychosocial Intervention , Quality of Life , SARS-CoV-2