Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 3 de 3
Add filters

Document Type
Year range
Blood ; 138:2818, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1582319


Background The ongoing Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is having an enormous impact on society worldwide and is especially posing a threat to health in vulnerable patients, such as patients with immune deficiencies. It is expected that patients who received Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-cell (CAR T-cell) therapy for hematologic malignancies are at risk for poor outcomes after COVID-19 due to their severely immunocompromised state caused by prior cumulative immunochemotherapy, on-target/off-tumor B-cell depletion, hypogammaglobulinemia and ongoing cytopenias. Current data are limited to small case series and case reports. This study describes the clinical characteristics and outcomes of CAR T-cell therapy recipients after developing COVID-19 in the largest cohort to date. Methods In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) developed a special COVID-19 report form to capture data from all patients with COVID-19 after treatment with CAR T-cell therapy for hematologic malignancies. Only PCR positive SARS-CoV-2 diagnosed patients before June 1 st, 2021 were included. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical course after COVID-19 diagnosis and evaluate overall survival. Overall survival probabilities were calculated using the Kaplan Meier method. Factors associated with mortality after COVID-19 diagnosis were examined using a Cox proportional hazard model. Results A total of 57 patients from 11 countries were reported to the EBMT. One patient with incomplete data at diagnosis and without any follow up information had to be excluded from the analysis. The median age of these 56 patients was 57.7 years (min-max 5.2 - 72.8) including 55 adults and one child. Of these patients, 32 were male. CAR T-cell therapy was given to 46 patients with B-cell-non-Hodgkin lymphoma, 7 patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and 3 patients with multiple myeloma. The median time from CAR T-cell infusion to COVID-19 diagnosis was 7.4 months (min-max 0.03 - 25.3). At the time of COVID-19 diagnosis, 62.5% of patients were in complete remission, 12.5% of patients had a partial response and 25% of patients had relapsed/refractory disease. Forty-five patients (80%) were admitted to hospital (median 26,5 days, min-max 3-171) due to COVID-19. Of the admitted patients, 24 (53%) needed oxygen support. Twenty-two (49%) patients were admitted to the intensive care unit (median 14 days, min - max 2-65) and 16 (73%) of these patients received invasive ventilation. At the time of analysis, 25 of the 56 patients had died (44.6%), most (23/25) due to COVID-19, resulting in a COVID-19 attributable mortality rate of 41%. The Kaplan-Meier estimate of overall survival is shown in Figure 1. The median follow-up from COVID-19 diagnosis was 20.9 weeks. In 1 of the 32 alive patients there was no resolution of COVID-19 at the time of analysis. In multivariate analysis, older age (hazard ratio (HR) 1.50, 95% CI 1.11-2.03, p=0.009) and comorbidities (HR 2.56, 95% CI 1.05-6.23, p=0.001) had a negative impact on overall survival. Better performance status at time of admission (HR 0.72, 95% CI 0.59-0.88, p=0.038) had a positive impact on overall survival. Sex, time from CAR T-cell therapy to COVID-19 diagnosis, disease remission status and the occurrence of neurotoxicity or cytokine release syndrome after CAR T-cell infusion did not have a significant effect on overall survival in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion Patients with COVID-19 after B-cell-targeted CAR T-cell therapy have a very poor outcome. As it remains uncertain whether currently applied vaccination strategies against SARS-CoV-2 are effective after CAR T-cell therapy, vaccination of health-care personnel and family members in combination with protective measures against viral exposure are likely to play the most important role in protecting this vulnerable group of patients. Better treatment strategies are urgently needed. [Formula present d] Disclosures: Ljungman: OctaPharma: Other: DSMB;Enanta: Other: DSMB;Janssen: Other: Investigator;Takeda: Consultancy, Other: Endpoint committee, speaker;AiCuris: Consultancy;Merck: Other: Investigator, speaker. De La Camara: IQONE: Consultancy;Roche: Consultancy. Ortiz-Maldonado: Kite, Novartis, BMS, Janssen: Honoraria. Barba: Novartis: Honoraria;Gilead: Honoraria;BMS: Honoraria;Amgen: Honoraria;Pfizer: Honoraria. Kwon: Novartis, Celgene, Gilead, Pfizer: Consultancy, Honoraria. Sesques: Novartis: Honoraria;Chugai: Honoraria;Kite, a Gilead Company: Honoraria. Bachy: Kite, a Gilead Company: Honoraria;Novartis: Honoraria;Daiishi: Research Funding;Roche: Consultancy;Takeda: Consultancy;Incyte: Consultancy. Di Blasi: Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Honoraria;Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria;Janssen: Consultancy, Honoraria. Thieblemont: Janssen: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees;Takeda: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees;Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel, Accommodations, Expenses;Bristol Myers Squibb/Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel, Accommodations, Expenses;Roche: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel, Accommodations, Expenses, Research Funding;Gilead Sciences: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel, Accommodations, Expenses;Kyte: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel, Accommodations, Expenses;Incyte: Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees;Abbvie: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel, Accommodations, Expenses;Cellectis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel, Accommodations, Expenses;Hospira: Research Funding;Bayer: Honoraria;Amgen: Consultancy, Honoraria, Membership on an entity's Board of Directors or advisory committees, Other: Travel, Accommodations, Expenses. Mutsaers: BMS: Consultancy;AstraZeneca: Research Funding. Nicholson: Kite, a Gilead Company: Other: Conference fees, Speakers Bureau;Novartis: Consultancy, Other: Conference fees;BMS/Celgene: Consultancy;Pfizer: Consultancy. Martínez-López: Janssen, BMS, Novartis, Incyte, Roche, GSK, Pfizer: Consultancy;Roche, Novartis, Incyte, Astellas, BMS: Research Funding. Ribera: NOVARTIS: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau;TAKEDA: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau;ARIAD: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau;SHIRE: Consultancy, Speakers Bureau;AMGEN: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau;Pfizer: Consultancy, Research Funding, Speakers Bureau. Sanderson: Kite, a Gilead Company: Honoraria;Novartis: Honoraria. Bloor: Kite, a Gilead Company: Honoraria;Novartis: Honoraria. Ciceri: IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele: Current Employment. Ayuk: Novartis: Honoraria;Janssen: Honoraria;Takeda: Honoraria;Mallinckrodt/Therakos: Honoraria, Research Funding;Gilead: Honoraria;Miltenyi Biomedicine: Honoraria;Celgene/BMS: Honoraria. Kröger: Novartis: Research Funding;Riemser: Honoraria, Research Funding;Sanofi: Honoraria;Neovii: Honoraria, Research Funding;Jazz: Honoraria, Research Funding;Gilead/Kite: Honoraria;Celgene: Honoraria, Research Funding;AOP Pharma: Honoraria. Kersten: Celgene: Research Funding;Miltenyi Biotec: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Travel support;Roche: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Travel support, Research Funding;BMS/Celgene: Consultancy, Honoraria;Takeda: Research Funding;Novartis: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Travel support;Kite, a Gilead Company: Consultancy, Honoraria, Other: Travel support, Research Funding. Mielke: DNA Prime SA: Speakers Bureau;Im unicum: Other: Data safety monitoring board;Novartis: Speakers Bureau;Miltenyi: Other: Data safety monitoring board;Gilead/KITE: Other: Travel support, Expert panel;Celgene/BMS: Speakers Bureau.

Student Success ; 12(3):96-105, 2021.
Article in English | Web of Science | ID: covidwho-1518723


This article reports the findings from a small-scale, qualitative and phenomenological institutional research project, undertaken during the COVID-19 pandemic, on the experiences of undergraduate students from groups who are traditionally under-represented in higher education in the United Kingdom. Documenting the first two phases of a longitudinal study carried out at one university in England, the over-arching research question investigated here using semi-structured interviews was: How has the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic impacted student experiences and learning at university? Key themes identified included worry, a sense of loss, feelings of connection and support, a sense of a new geography of campus life and students' need to feel "in the loop". Evidence of changes with longer-term implications were also found, namely, an evolution in the relationship between students and their institution. A series of suggestions are presented based on the findings aimed at mitigating some of the ongoing negative effects of the pandemic on students.

Radiotherapy and Oncology ; 161:S241-S242, 2021.
Article in English | EMBASE | ID: covidwho-1492800


Purpose or Objective CD19 CAR-T therapy is the most effective salvage treatment for relapsed/refractory DLBCL. However the manufacture of CAR-T cells takes several weeks and patients (pts) are at risk of progression during this time and usually require some form of bridging therapy to contain their disease. Radiotherapy (RT) is an attractive bridging option, as the chance of response to further conventional cytotoxic therapy is low. RT is generally delivered in the window between apheresis and infusion and requires careful scheduling. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility, toxicity and early outcome of bridging RT in a cohort of pts undergoing CAR-T therapy for DLBCL. Materials and Methods This was a prospective analysis of pts receiving bridging RT since the start of CAR-T programme at our institution. We collected data on pt demographics, disease and RT details, as well as outcomes including early response, relapse, survival and toxicity. Results (Table presented.) Between April 2019 & January 2021 a total of 27 pts have received bridging RT. Of these 23 have been infused (1 not infused due to COVID19, 1 due to cardiac function & 2 pending). The CAR-T therapy was delivered in 1 Haematology Institution, but bridging RT in 9 different referring centres. Pt and disease characteristics and RT details are shown in table 1. The median time from CT planning scan to start of RT was 10 days (4-42). The median time between apheresis and start of RT was 5 days (-37-21;3 patients received RT prior to apheresis at -37,-35 &-29 days) and median time between end of RT and CAR-T infusion was 19 days (10-116). No pts were delayed due to RT toxicity. Toxicity data was available for 22 pts. 10 (45.5%) reported no toxicity. Only 1 pt had grade 3 toxicity (vomiting & diarrhoea) and RT was stopped. The most common toxicities were skin reaction (n=5) & fatigue (n=4). 25/27 (92.6%) pts underwent a PET-CT between bridging RT & infusion. In 22 (88%) pts there was response in treatment field (CMR=2, PMR=20). In 13 (59.1%) of those pts there was evidence of progressive disease (PD) outside the field, but none were prevented from receiving CAR-T infusion due to PD. With median FU of 8.8 (0.6-20.6) months from date of CAR-T infusion, 12/ 23 (52.2%) infused pts have relapsed, (2 infield, 5 out of field, 5 in both) with a local control rate of 69.6%;CMR (12;52.2%) and PMR (4;17.4%). 7 pts have died since infusion, 6 due to PD and 1 due to sepsis. Median PFS was 5.1 months (95% CI 0.0-11.9 months) and median OS 17.8 months (95% CI 12.7-22.9 months). 1 pt had infusion delayed due to COVID19 infection and died of PD. Conclusion RT was a safe and effective bridging option in this cohort of DLBCL pts pre CAR-T therapy. With close collaboration between Haematologists and Radiation Oncologists, it is possible to deliver a course of radical dose RT in the narrow window between apheresis and infusion, even across a wide geographical network. Further work is required to determine which pts benefit most from bridging RT and the optimal dose and schedule.