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1.
Intern Med ; 61(20): 3101-3106, 2022 Oct 15.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2079920

ABSTRACT

BNT162b2 (Pfizer/BioNTech) is a coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine containing nucleoside-modified messenger RNA encoding the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 spike glycoprotein. Recently, ocular complications of mRNA vaccines have been reported increasingly frequently. However, immunological adverse events due to mRNA vaccines in real-world settings are not fully known. We herein report the novel development of sarcoidosis manifested as uveitis, bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy, angiotensin-converting enzyme elevation, and epithelioid and giant cell granuloma formation in the lung soon after the first BNT162b2 injection and review the current literature, including three reported cases of sarcoid-like reaction following COVID-19 vaccination.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 Vaccines , COVID-19 , Sarcoidosis , Humans , Angiotensins , BNT162 Vaccine , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , Sarcoidosis/chemically induced , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus , Vaccination/adverse effects
2.
Intern Med ; 61(11): 1761-1765, 2022.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1951864

ABSTRACT

Cranial nerve palsy associated with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is rare. We herein report the first Asian case of the immediate onset of isolated and unilateral abducens nerve palsy (ANP) accompanied with COVID-19 infection. A 25-year-old man developed diplopia one day after the COVID-19 symptom onset. Neurological examination revealed limitation of left eye abduction without ataxia and hyporeflexia. Negative anti-ganglioside antibody results and mild albuminocytological dissociation were noted. The patient was diagnosed with left ANP accompanied by COVID-19 infection. The ANP spontaneously recovered without treatment. ANP can develop during the early phase of COVID-19 infection and adversely affect patients' quality of life.


Subject(s)
Abducens Nerve Diseases , COVID-19 , Abducens Nerve , Abducens Nerve Diseases/etiology , Adult , Atrial Natriuretic Factor , COVID-19/complications , Humans , Male , Quality of Life
3.
Tohoku J Exp Med ; 258(1): 63-68, 2022 Aug 10.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1938489

ABSTRACT

The detailed clinical course of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in patients with hairy cell leukemia (HCL) is rarely reported. We report the first case of HCL diagnosed with prolonged pancytopenia after COVID-19 infection in Japan. We describe the case of a 56-year-old man who was diagnosed with COVID-19. Computed tomography revealed ground-glass opacities in the bilateral lung lobes as well as splenomegaly. Remdesivir and dexamethasone were administered for the treatment of COVID-19. Since the pancytopenia persisted, bone marrow examination was performed, and he was diagnosed with HCL. Although pancytopenia can occur with COVID-19 alone, clinicians should be alerted regarding the presence of hematologic malignancies in patients in whom pancytopenia persists after COVID-19 treatment or in those with splenomegaly. Further, the condition of all previously reported patients with COVID-19 associated with HCL was severe enough to require mechanical ventilation. This is the first case in which the disease was not severe. The interleukin-6 (IL-6) level was lower in this case than in previous cases, suggesting that racial differences in IL-6 production may have contributed to COVID-19 severity.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Coronavirus , Leukemia, Hairy Cell , Pancytopenia , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/drug therapy , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Leukemia, Hairy Cell/complications , Leukemia, Hairy Cell/drug therapy , Leukemia, Hairy Cell/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Pancytopenia/complications , Splenomegaly/complications , Splenomegaly/pathology
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