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AEM Educ Train ; 7(3): e10868, 2023 Jun.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-2324408


Background: Simulation provides consistent opportunities for residents to practice high-stakes, low-frequency events such as pediatric resuscitations. To increase standardization across North American residency programs, the Emergency Medicine Resident Simulation Curriculum for Pediatrics (EM ReSCu Peds) was developed. However, access to high-quality simulation/pediatric expertise is not uniform. As the concurrent COVID-19 pandemic necessitated new virtual simulation methods, we adapted the Virtual Resus Room (VRR) to teach EM ReSCu Peds. VRR is an award-winning, low-resource, open-access distance telesimulation platform we hypothesize will be effective and scalable for teaching this curriculum. Methods: EM residents completed six VRR EM ReSCu Peds simulation cases and received immediate facilitator-led teledebriefing. Learners completed retrospective pre-post surveys after each case. Learners and facilitators completed end-of-day surveys. Primary outcomes were learning effectiveness measured by a composite of the Simulation Effectiveness in Teaching Modified (SET-M) tool and self-reported changes in learner comfort with case objectives. Secondary outcome was VRR scalability to teach EM ReSCu Peds using a composite outcome of net promoter scores (NPS), resource utilization, open-text feedback, and technical issues. Results: Learners reported significantly increased comfort with 95% (54/57) of EM ReSCu Peds-defined case objectives (91% cognitive, 9% psychomotor), with moderate (Cohen's d 0.71, 95% CI 0.67-0.76) overall effect size. SET-M responses indicated simulation effectiveness, particularly with debriefing. Ninety EM residents from three North American residency programs were taught by 59 pediatric faculty from six programs over 4 days-more than possible if simulations were conducted in person. Learners (39) and faculty (68) NPS were above software industry benchmarks (13). Minor, quickly resolved, technical issues were reported by 18% and 29% of learners and facilitators, respectively. Conclusions: Learners and facilitators report that the VRR is an effective and scalable platform to teach EM ReSCu Peds. This low-cost, accessible distance simulation intervention could increase equitable, global access to high-quality pediatric emergency education.

Cureus ; 13(7): e16317, 2021 Jul.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1332359


In this technical report, we describe how to use TeleSimBox to run a remotely facilitated simulation to connect the facilitator with learners at a distant site. This method was developed to comply with safety measures imposed during the coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic to reduce the risk of viral exposure and transmission. Here, we present one example where a telesimulation naïve facilitator was trained as an in-person facilitator to enable the in-situ medical student and resident learners to participate in a pediatric emergency simulation exercise remotely guided by an off-site content expert. The case of neonatal shock was run five times during a half-day emergency department (ED) educational program with one to four participants per session. 14/15 (93%) participants completed evaluations and felt that the simulation met the case learning objectives and that connecting with the remote facilitator was useful for their learning. Feedback from the one newly trained in-person facilitator was that the tool was easy to learn how to use quickly, and the process of connecting with a remote expert was worthwhile for learners. To grab this web-based toolkit off the proverbial shelf and successfully run a telesimulation session from start to finish took approximately one hour; 20 minutes were spent in preparation the day prior and 40 minutes to set up and run the simulations the day of. We believe that this is a low-cost, efficient, and perceived to be an effective method to connect remotely located content experts and learners to engage in a simulation-based education activity when access to in-person resources and personnel is limited.

AEM Educ Train ; 5(2): e10590, 2021 Apr.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1176241


INTRODUCTION: During the COVID-19 pandemic the Association of American Medical Colleges recommended that medical students not be involved with in-person patient care or teaching, necessitating alternative learning opportunities. Subsequently we developed the telesimulation education platform: TeleSimBox. We hypothesized that this remote simulation platform would be feasible and acceptable for faculty use and a perceived effective method for medical student education. METHODS: Twenty-one telesimulations were conducted with students and educators at four U.S. medical schools. Sessions were run by cofacilitator dyads with four to 10 clerkship-level students per session. Facilitators were provided training materials. User-perceived effectiveness and acceptability were evaluated via descriptive analysis of survey responses to the Modified Simulation Effectiveness Tool (SET-M), Net Promoter Score (NPS), and Likert-scale questions. RESULTS: Approximately one-quarter of students and all facilitators completed surveys. Users perceived that the sessions were effective in teaching medical knowledge and teamwork, though less effective for family communication and skills. Users perceived that the telesimulations were comparable to other distance learning and to in-person simulation. The tool was overall positively promoted. CONCLUSION: Users overall positively scored our medical student telesimulation tool on the SET-M objectives and promoted the experience to colleagues on the NPS. The next steps are to further optimize the tool.

Cureus ; 13(1): e12479, 2021 Jan 04.
Article in English | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1069952


Telesimulation utilizes communications technology, such as video conferencing platforms, to provide simulation-based medical education when participants and facilitators are geographically separated. Learners interact with each other, embedded participants, and a simulated patient and/or vital sign display on the computer screen. Facilitators observe the learners in real-time and provide immediate feedback during a remote debrief. Telesimulation obviates the need to have instructors, learners, and high fidelity patient simulators (HPS) in the same place, allowing simulation-based educational sessions to occur in institutions located remotely from simulation centers or when other barriers limit in-person education and/or training. For example, due to the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, many medical education programs temporarily discontinued in-person simulations to adhere to physical distancing guidelines. The authors have reflected upon their experiences executing telesimulation sessions since the start of the pandemic and provide these 12 tips as practical suggestions on how to successfully implement telesimulations with medical trainees. These tips are intended to guide implementation and facilitation by staff and faculty trained in simulation.